Quality control to maximize efficiency is critical in the competitive photovoltaic industry. For some time solar texture has been thought to qualitatively affect solar cell efficiency. However, through large-area, 3D measurements and areal feature parameters, quantitative correlation of texture to efficiency has only recently been obtained. We now know that ISO 3D surface parameters linearly correlate with solar cell efficiency.
In the earlier days, the chemistry involved in solar cell manufacturing was relatively simple, using commodity chemicals. With cell efficiencies continuously on the rise and new cell concepts slowly being introduced with increased speed of processing, precise chemical concentration control is becoming crucial to obtain consistency and more cost-effective manufacturing of solar panels. This is possible by monitoring on-line the etching bath composition, a small but genuine step forward in your competitive advantage....
The team of K&S technical experts perform independent technical inspections of the photovoltaic system and clarifies technical issues. The advisory service begins even before the actual construction of the photovoltaic power plant - in the design and contract review. It is ensured that all the requirements of the building permit of the relevant Japanese authorities are fulfilled and the contract is aligned with the system. Based on the continuous construction and factory acceptance tests of components, possible...
Ethanol can be produced from a variety of raw materials such as corn, sugar cane, soy beans, switchgrass, corn stover, and cellulosic materials. Corn can be processed in a dry or wet mill to produce ethanol. Advances and research in ethanol continues to find new and more energy efficient ways to produce ethanol and biofuels and new raw materials for production.
The manufacturing process of the cells that make up the photovoltaic systems and the printed circuits require water in quantity and high quality. This water has to be managed wisely so as not to affect the productivity and the expenses of the plant.
As more mandates for a minimum of ethanol in gasoline and biodiesel in diesel come into effect, major oil companies are blending higher percentages of biofuels at their terminals. A quick analytical measurement method to assess the blend ratio can be a valuable asset for fuel distributors, engine manufacturers, fleet operators, and regulatory agencies. The InfraCal Biodiesel and Ethanol Blend Analyzers offer a quick way to verify that fuel blends are on spec. They are ideal for use for non-technical personnel and...
Since 1988, Delta Hydronics has designed and installed numerous water heating and chilling solutions for life support systems using small equipment skid packages as well as large centralized mechanical systems for grow-out operations with mutiple heat exchangers and temperature requirements.
Red Drum farming
When water temperature is critical for sustained growth and general health of commercial aquaculture...
Porvair Filtration Group have supplied a comprehensive range of filtration and separation products to the energy market for many years. We supply all major sectors of the power generation, distribution and supply industry, and our technology is used over a wide range of applications. These include, but are not limited to, the distribution of natural gas, conditioning and treatment of fuel oils, hydrocarbons and produced water, clean coal technologies, gasification and fuel cell technology. Our unrivalled experience...