Processes that create a synthetic gas (syn gas) in a gasification process for waste reduction, electricity generation, or steam production (CHP – combined heat and power processes) – commonly benefit from custom heat recovery systems.
Converting wood waste into electricity—lumber mill off-cuts, wood from forestry thinnings (cleared of leaf matter), disposal of wooden pallets and crating (with nails removed). Wood is chipped, dried, and used to produce electricity, reducing electrical costs and paid disposal.
Disposal by gasification also has far lower particulate emissions than controlled burns and a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since methane emissions from anaerobic decomposition are avoided. Decomposing wood reverts all of its...
Syngas (short for synthetic gas) can be burnt and used as a fuel source, the main constituents of syngas are Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Hydrogen (H), which amount for around 85% of Syngas, and it is produced by a process called Gasification.
Gasification starts with a base material which can originate from a wide variety of materials for example wood chips and pellets, plastics, municipal solid waste, sewage, waste crops, and fossil fuels such as coal. During Gasification the base material is reacted at high...
Gasification and synthetic gas production from various waste products are becoming increasingly important energy recovery technologies. Often, the synthetic gas contains various hazardous contaminants including H2S, HCl and other acids, heavy metals, and tars. The gas requires cleaning before it is introduced in the engine or boiler. Most of these processes generate significant concentration of tars. The tars can vary from very low molecular weight to large and complex chains.
If waste wood is utilized, woody biomass can be a form of renewable energy that complements solar and wind. Furthermore, gasifying the wood to produce electricity is a lot cleaner than disposing via controlled burns, and has a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since decomposition often produces methane, and reverts all of the carbon to carbon dioxide, whereas with gasification, a portion is sequestered as char-ash.
Dead trees and wood from forest thinning can be chipped, dried, and converted to renewable energy while eliminating disposal costs.
Disposal by gasification also has far lower particulate emissions than controlled burns and a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since methane emissions from anaerobic decomposition are avoided. Decomposing wood reverts all of its carbon content to CO2, but gasification sequesters a portion of it as charcoal waste, usable as biochar.
Biomass energy from gasification, when done responsibly with waste wood or suitable agricultural waste such as nut shells, is often eligible for feed-in tariffs. However, biomass gasification has the advantage of being on-demand, so you can feed renewable energy onto the grid at times when wind and solar are not abundant, enabling you to avoid times when prices are too low due to an excess of wind or solar power being fed to the grid.