River and Marine Hydrokinetic Turbines for Renewable energy - Energy - Renewable Energy
Faced with environmental issues, the energy production sector has had to make major changes to its activities to help mitigate climate change. The Paris Climate Agreement signed at COP21, effective starting in November 2016, confirmed these efforts and the ramping up of the energy transition on an international scale.
The situation of the global energy mix in 2030
In 2016, for the first time ever, over half of global investment in electricity production was in Renewable Energies.
In France, the Energy Transition law driving green growth will enable energy producers to meet the following objectives by 2030:
- – 32 % share of renewable energy production in the French energy mix
- – 40 % reduction in CO2 emissions
- – 25 % reduction the nuclear share of electricity generation.
A transformation of electricity needs on two levels
Although energy consumption in OECD countries is tending to stabilize, other regions in the throes of industrial development and urbanization such as India, South East Asia and China, along with some regions of Africa and Latin America, are consuming ever-increasing levels.
- Industrialized countries: integrate renewables* into existing grids
- Developing countries: build and develop Smart grids** Electrical power is the indispensable condition for the development of these countries.
Despite the global energy supply, 1.5 billion people have no access to the power grid. 650 million of these are in Africa.
Renewables: renewable sources of energy
Smart Grid: uses digital communications technology to detect and react to local changes in usage