Conversion technologies are at varying stages of market readiness. As “some of the best minds in science are working on this issue,” investments should not be based solely on what is currently marketable.
Roberts said there are two key guidelines for public bioenergy policy. First, it is more efficient to use biomass than biofuels for heat and electricity production. Second, when allocating public wood, pulp and paper generate a higher gross domestic product and more employment than bioenergy alone.