On December 5, 2016, China's National Energy Administration (NEA) published a five-year plan that aims to increase ethanol production to four million tons by 2020 despite the government maintaining strict control over the use of food grains. The target remains unchanged from the previous five-year plan that ended in 2015. NEA intends to increase the share of non-fossil fuel consumption from 12 percent to 15 percent by 2020, in part through the vigorous development of fiber ethanol from the inedible parts of plants. The plan prioritizes the development of cassava and other non-grain ethanol sources over crops used for human consumption. NEA also aims to raise the country’s biomass energy capacity to 15 gigawatts by 2020.
Embodied impacts of construction products
A guide to understanding the embodied impacts of construction products.The purpose of this new guide is to improve understanding across the construction industry of the embodied impacts of construction products.Much attention is being given to new ways of designing and constructing buildings and whilst the focus has been on energy efficiency and capturing renewable energy, there is a growing awareness that the embodied impacts of construction products and especially embodied carbon will become increasingly...
Improving the environmental performance of chemical products
The pathways for quantifying and improving of the environmental performance.The common perception of the chemical industry is that it requires a tremendous amount of energy, uses it inefficiently and in the process creates significant environmental problems. Any environmental benefits of chemical products are often unknown to the public and difficult to quantify.The white paper describes the pathways for quantifying and improving of the environmental performance and shows how to choose the right option.
Striving For Perfection: Flow Energy Partnership Improves Geothermal Energy Production
Since the early twentieth century, geothermal energy has been used to produce electricity. In the 1980’s and 90’s, rapid expansion in the demand for geothermal energy put pressure on suppliers to reduce costs and increase efficiencies. Now geothermal energy production is becoming a common practice around the globe. One of the largest energy companies in Turkey is blazing the trail for renewable geothermal energy production in the region, including the Middle East and Asia. They “consider...
Treatment wetlands in decentralised approaches for linking sanitation to energy and food security
Treatment wetlands (TWs) are engineered systems that mimic the processes in natural wetlands with the purpose of treating contaminated water. Being a simple and robust technology, TWs are applied worldwide to treat various types of water. Besides treated water for reuse, TWs can be used in resources-oriented sanitation systems for recovering nutrients and carbon, as well as for growing biomass for energy production. Additionally, TWs provide a large number of ecosystem services. Integrating green infrastructure...
Industrial wastewater treatment with a bioelectrochemical process: assessment of depuration ...
Development of renewable energy sources, efficient industrial processes, energy/chemicals recovery from wastes are research issues that are quite contemporary. Bioelectrochemical processes represent an eco-innovative technology for energy and resources recovery from both domestic and industrial wastewaters. The current study was conducted to: (i) assess bioelectrochemical treatability of industrial (dairy) wastewater by microbial fuel cells (MFCs); (ii) determine the effects of the applied organic loading rate...