biomass pretreatment Articles

  • Unconventional Pretreatment of Lignocellulose with Low-Temperature Plasma

    Abstract Lignocellulose represents a potential supply of sustainable feedstock for the production of biofuels and chemicals. There is, however, an important cost and efficiency challenge associated with the conversion of such lignocellulosics. Because its structure is complex and not prone to undergo chemical reactions very easily, chemical and mechanical pretreatments are usually necessary ...


    By SusChem

  • Optimisation of pressed pericarp fibre delignification for glucose recovery using response surface methodology

    In this study, pressed pericarp fibres (PPFs) were subjected to chemical pretreatment for bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars. The effectiveness and comparison between pretreatments using acid (HCl) and alkaline (NaOH) to reduce the lignin content was studied. Alkali pretreatment showed better lignin removal than acid pretreatment. Subsequent experiments were then ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • From the Lab to Production: Direct steam injection heating of fibrous slurries

    This article focuses on Cellulosic Pretreatment heating strategies with Direct Steam Injection (DSI) heating and how to transition from a lab environment to a successful process level production design. Typical applications include cellulosic & biomass ethanol processing, pulp stock processes, and other process fluid heating applications where fibrous materials are present in the process. ...


    By ProSonix LLC

  • Cellulosic Pretrement - Direct steam injection heating of fibrous slurries

    This article focuses on Cellulosic Pretreatment heating strategies with Direct Steam Injection (DSI) heating and how to transition from a lab environment to a successful process level production design. Typical applications include cellulosic & biomass ethanol processing, pulp stock processes, and other process fluid heating applications where fibrous materials are present in the process. ...


    By ProSonix LLC

  • A co-beneficial system using aquatic plants: bioethanol production from free-floating aquatic plants used for water purification

    A co-beneficial system using constructed wetlands (CWs) planted with aquatic plants is proposed for bioethanol production and nutrient removal from wastewater. The potential for bioethanol production from aquatic plant biomass was experimentally evaluated. Water hyacinth and water lettuce were selected because of their high growth rates and easy harvestability attributable to their free-floating ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Magnetic biochar combining adsorption and separation recycle for removal of chromium in aqueous solution

    Biochar has been developed in recent years for the removal of contaminants such as Cr (VI) in water. The enhancement of the adsorption capacity of biochar and its recyclable use are still challenges. In this study, magnetic biochar derived from corncobs and peanut hulls was synthesized under different pyrolysis temperatures after pretreating the biomass with a low concentration of 0.5 M FeCl3 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exergetic performance assessment of gasification and pyrolysis processes of pre-treated wood board wastes

    This paper investigates exergetic performance of gasification and pyrolysis processes and compares their exergy efficiencies, using the experimental data on a two-step process of thermo-chemical conversion of Wood Board (WB) wastes. The exergy values of biomass samples change from 17.49 MJ/kg to 24.57 MJ/kg, respectively. Hydrogen produced from pyrolysis step of gasification varies between 17 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Margam, Port Talbot, South Wales Waste Wood-Fired Power Plant 40 MWe - Case study

    The developer Eco2 secured the site and planning consent to develop the biomass facility in Margam, Port Talbot. Following a competitive tender, Babcock & Wilcox Vølund and Interserve were awarded an EPC/turnkey contract for the facility. To further de-risk the project for the plant owner, Glenmont Partners, who secured financing for the scheme and purchased the project at financial ...


    By Dürr Megtec LLC

  • Microturbines, Gas Engines Link Biogas to the Grid

    OPPORTUNITIES to produce electricity from methane are being improved continuously as manufacturers introduce new and upgraded equipment to address market needs and varying characteristics of raw biogas. In the renewable energy from organics recycling arena, the two primary types of electricity generation equipment are microturbines and reciprocating gas engines. This article provides a brief ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Landfills Expand Energy Output

    HIGH fossil fuel prices and growing concern about global climate change are creating favorable conditions for landfill gas energy (LFGE) projects. Notably, endorsement of LFGE by Federal agencies and many states as a form of “green” power has enabled LFGE developers to earn premiums for electricity marketed through green power programs, and to benefit from expanded federal tax credits for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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