coal combustion ash Articles

  • Recycling of Fly Ash Produced in Combustion of Brown Coal with Increased Germanium Content

    A possibility of utilization of fly ash resulting from combustion of Czech brown coal with increased germanium content in a circulation fluidised bed combuster is examined in this study to recover germanium chloride. The laboratory measurement presented in this paper was focused on three aspects: obtaining raw germanium chloride by its direct distillation from the suspension of fly ash and HCl; ...


  • Legal lookout: competing coal ash proposals

    Depending upon comments the EPA gathers, industry may have to or not have to close out their coal ash containment ponds within five years. On May 4, 2010, EPA issued its long-awaited proposal to manage coal ash – the byproduct of burning coal to generate power. The agency proposed two quite different approaches for regulating coal ash, somewhat to the consternation of critics, who had hoped ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Plasma gasification and vitrification of ash – conversion of ash into glass-like products and syngas

    The Plasma Gasification and Vitrification of Ash (PGVA) system is a patented process that uses energy generated by plasma arcs along with the controlled addition of small amounts of air and steam to convert the organic portion of ash into a synthesis gas (gasification) and the inorganic portion into a glassy rock (vitrification). The vitrification of the ash’s inorganic portion ...


    By PyroGenesis Canada Inc.

  • Composition, morphology, properties of coal fly ash microspheres and their application for conditioning liquid radioactive waste

    Using methods of the Mossbauer spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and thermodynamic analysis of phase formation in silicate multi-component melts, the detailed study of composition, morphology, and properties of fly ash microspheres resulting from combustion of three coals (Irsha-Borodinskii, Kuznetskii and Ekibastuzskii) was carried out. About 60 microspherical products with an iron ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A Pilot Study of Mercury Liberation and Capture from Coal-Fired Power Plant Fly Ash

    The coal-fired electric utility generation industry has been identified as the largest anthropogenic source of mercury (Hg) emissions in the United States. One of the promising techniques for Hg removal from flue gas is activated carbon injection (ACI). The aim of ...

  • Fly Ash & the Lightweight Aggregate Market

    In 2015, the global fly ash market was estimated to be valued at 40 billion USD. A recent industry analysis by Research Nester anticipates the market will reach an estimated 70 billion USD by the end of 2023 – a 7.1% CAGR owing to increasing ...


    By FEECO International, Inc.

  • Evaluating Risks to Wildlife from Coal Fly Ash Incorporating Recent Advances in Metals Risk Assessment

    Current scientific advances in metal/metalloid risk assessment were applied to evaluate risk to aquatic and riparian wildlife species potentially impacted by residual coal fly ash after clean‐up of an unprecedented large ash release into an aquatic environment, the first assessment of its kind. Risk was evaluated using multiple lines of evidence (LOE) including (1) tissue‐based risk assessment ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • EPA targets electric utilities - the agency steps up efforts to manage coal ash damage

    Approximately 5.4 million cubic yards, or 1.1 billion gallons, of coal ash from the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) plant near Knoxville, Tenn., in December 2008 flooded some 300 acres of land, damaging property, polluting waterways, and killing fish. TVA will likely spend more than $500 million and perhaps as much as $1 billion dollars on the cleanup, says the U.S. Environmental Protection ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Water impounded bottom ash collection systems

    Ash is a by-product of the combustion process in power generating stations that burn coal as a primary fuel. Combustion takes place in a boiler that is actually a large open furnace. The walls of the furnace are lined with pipes that carry water to produce steam that powers a turbine generator. Ash is present in two forms: 1) Fly-ash, a lighter material that exits the boiler in the flue-gas ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Experience on coal reburn in a utility boiler

    Reburning is an in-furnace combustion modification technology for the reduction of NOx. By staging the introduction of the fuel, an environment is created where NOx generated by the combustion of the main fuel supply is subsequently consumed by the hydrocarbon radicals arising from the reburn fuel under reducing conditions. ENEL has retrofitted unit No. 4 of Vado ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cleaning of Dukki (Baluchistan) coal by oil agglomeration process

    Cleaning of coal fines by oil agglomeration is an efficient technique by which an appreciable recovery of combustible matter and significant reduction in ash forming minerals are possible. In this study, oil agglomeration process has been employed to clean indigenous coal under the influence of parameters such as oil type, particle size and the pH value of aqueous medium. As agglomerant, castor ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combined load and leachant pH effects on contaminant release from fly ash

    Several studies have been performed recently on the suitability of particulate waste materials as substitute aggregate in load bearing and geoenvironmental structures. To investigate the long-term performance and durability of these recycled materials, the coupled effects of the interacting fluid chemistry and applied load are herein analysed experimentally. The leachability of heavy metals ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A new way to measure emissions from China’s Coal-Fired Power Plants

    To prevent the most severe impacts of climate change, it is essential to limit fossil fuel use—particularly coal use in power production. The share of coal in global energy consumption is increasing, with ...

  • Case study - Fort Mandan visitor services center

    The North Dakota Lewis & Clark Bicentennial Foundation has created a unique facility for one of the most vital sites on the Lewis & Clark Trail. The new visitor services center at Fort Mandan stands as a showcase for coal combustion products, while at the same time educating visitors about the journey of Lewis & Clark in North Dakota. Three major parts of the North Dakota: economy, ...


    By Headwaters, Inc.

  • Increasing the use of recovered mineral components in cement or concrete

    Section 6017(a) of the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users, P.L. 109-59, Aug. 10, 2005 (SAFETEA-LU), directs the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or the Agency) to, “…conduct a study to determine the extent to which procurement requirements, when fully implemented…may realize energy savings and environmental benefits attainable with ...

  • E.ON Benelux power station Maasvlakte, Rotterdam - Case Study

    Next Generation Power Production E.ON’s new Maasvlakte power station also known as MPP3 is built in the harbour of the Dutch metropolis Rotterdam. The modern supercritical hard coal fired unit with a capacity of 1100 MW is expected to have a thermal efficiency of more than 46 percent. The new plant built in the vicinity of the existing Maasvlakte station is designed as cogeneration ...

  • ZG chain grate biomass fired boiler in Pakistan

    The new chain grate boiler system with chain grate stocker permits a wide range of biomass fuels including Bagasse, crop stalk, mustard stalk, cotton stalk, rice husk, coffee grounds, de-oiled bran , wood waste , Coconut shell ,roasted chaff, lignite, paper sludge, coal,corn cob, spent grain with high ash contents to be combusted in an efficient manner with the added advantage of automatic ...


  • Biomass Pellet Fuel and Its Advantages

    With the continuous deterioration of the people's living environment, global warming topic has become a concern of people from all walks of people. It has been very important to the development of new energy. At present, our main fuel is oil and coal, these are non-renewable materials, and you'll never have again when we use them up. Therefore, many countries are in the research of new energy, ...


    By Allance Pellet Machinery

  • Briquettes – Favoring Green Revolution and Safeguarding the Environment

    Briquettes facilitate easy storage, transportation and when used as fuel they are environment-friendly and smokeless. This is the reason there is an increased demand for them. If you are willing to take an initiative for an environment friendly atmosphere and also earn with the cause, the first thing you require to have in your business is a Briquettes machine. Briquettes are a handy way to ...


    By Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools

  • What is energy recovery?

    Processes like incineration and anaerobic digestion not only provide sources of energy, but they also reduce waste volume The term “energy recovery” often is applied only to a narrow number of methods for converting wastes into energy, when in fact it applies to a broad range of technologies used to create heat, electricity, or fuel. Energy recovery gives ...


    By Fluence Corporation

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