coal-to-liquid Articles

  • Coal-to-liquid fuels poised for a comeback

    Converting coal into liquid fuels is known to be more costly than current energy technologies, both in terms of production costs and the amount of greenhouse gases the process emits. Production of coal-to-liquid fuel, or CTL, has a large carbon footprint, releasing more than twice the lifecycle greenhouse gases of conventional petroleum fuels. However, with the rise in energy prices that began ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Emerging Asian Economies Drive the Increase in World Energy Use from 2015 to 2040

    World energy consumption is projected to increase by 28% by 2040, according to the International Energy Outlook 2017 (IEO2017), released today by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Most of the world's growth in energy demand is projected to take place in countries outside of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). China and ...


    By Smart Grid Observer

  • Competing Coal Ash Proposals

    On May 4, 2010, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued its long-awaited proposal to manage coal ash – the byproduct of burning coal to generate power. The agency proposed two quite different approaches for regulating coal ash, somewhat to the consternation of critics, who had hoped for more stringent ...


    By Acta Group

  • Inquiry Into Coal Seam Gas

    Poorly planned or managed coal seam gas (CSG) exploration or extraction activities pose considerable risks to both groundwater and surface water systems. Key water quality issues, from my own perspective, are listed below. Specific issues may be of greater or lesser significance for particular projects, but all of these issues should be thoroughly and transparently assessed for all proposed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Is `clean` coal possible?

    VANCOUVER, April 18, 2007 (GLOBE-Net) - Coal is the world’s most commonly used fuel to produce electrical energy, and will continue as such for some time. Yet it is one of the ’dirtiest’ of all fossil fuels. It is a major source of toxic air pollutants and the leading source of energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. Many believe ’clean coal’ technologies will improve the energy efficiency of ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Experience on coal reburn in a utility boiler

    Reburning is an in-furnace combustion modification technology for the reduction of NOx. By staging the introduction of the fuel, an environment is created where NOx generated by the combustion of the main fuel supply is subsequently consumed by the hydrocarbon radicals arising from the reburn fuel under reducing conditions. ENEL has retrofitted unit No. 4 of Vado ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low-permeability liner solution for coal-ash by-products

    PROJECT: TVA Kingston Gypsum Pond Expansion LOCATION: Harriman, Tennessee PRODUCTS: BENTOMAT® 600CL BENTOMAT® CL EASY ROLLER™ Deployment System BACKGROUND: As part of its emissions control at the Kingston Fossil Plant, flue gas desulfurization is performed, which creates as a by-product a synthetic ...


    By CETCO

  • Legal lookout: EPA responds to coal ash release

    Once again, it took a major catastrophe to wake up industry and regulators to a problem that should have been addressed long ago. Dec. 22, 2008, was a nightmare for federal and state regulators, electrical utilities, and most particularly the residents of Kingston, Tenn. On this day, approximately 5.4 million cubic yards (or 1.1 billion gallons) of coal ash from the Tennessee Valley Authority ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Cleaning of Dukki (Baluchistan) coal by oil agglomeration process

    Cleaning of coal fines by oil agglomeration is an efficient technique by which an appreciable recovery of combustible matter and significant reduction in ash forming minerals are possible. In this study, oil agglomeration process has been employed to clean indigenous coal under the influence of parameters such as oil type, particle size and the pH value of aqueous medium. As agglomerant, castor ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coal Bed Methane - A Global Market Scenario

    Coal Bed Methane (CBM) is a type of natural gas that is commonly extracted from coal beds located at depths between 300 to 1000 metres. This gas is an odorless, colorless mixture of a variety of gases, but with major share of methane – even upto 95% in many cases.  Browse: Coal Bed Methane ...


  • Coal and its future are fueling conflicts around the globe

    "Coal Wars: The Future of Energy and the Fate of the Planet" (Palgrave Macmillan), by Richard Martin Fierce conflicts over coal are taking place around the globe, but author Richard Martin says the decline and ultimate demise of the fuel that powered the Industrial Revolution is inevitable and cannot be reversed. What he cannot predict, he says, is whether the transition to energy sources that ...


    By Associated Press

  • Analysis of U.S. coal plant retirements case study

    In 2010, MJB&A completed a report for a major natural gas transmission company of coal-fired electricity generating units (EGUs) in several different geographic regions and their potential for retirement and/or to repower with natural gas. This analysis developed an indicative model of future coal-fired power plant repowerings and retirements based on a range of operational and market ...

  • Comparison of employment potential of the coal and wind power industries

    Australia, one of the world's largest producers of coal, is used as a case study to compare the employment potential in the coal and wind power electricity generation industries. It is revealed that, as a result of automation, employment in the coal mining industry fell by 45% between 1987 and 2002. Moreover, as a result of the restructuring of the electricity industry as a whole, employment in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The role of coal technologies to support responsible economic growth

    The Asian Pacific region is home to the fastest-growing economies in the world. These economies are expected to double gross domestic product (GDP) in the next decade, and coal will play a major role as the primary energy source for electric power. The tremendous projected financial burden associated with the installation of new, coal-fired electric power facilities to fuel this unprecedented ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Legal lookout: competing coal ash proposals

    Depending upon comments the EPA gathers, industry may have to or not have to close out their coal ash containment ponds within five years. On May 4, 2010, EPA issued its long-awaited proposal to manage coal ash – the byproduct of burning coal to generate power. The agency proposed two quite different approaches for regulating coal ash, somewhat to the consternation of critics, who had hoped ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • China may be ready to kick coal habit

    There are still doubts. The statistics might be proved wrong. But it looks as if China might be starting to wean itself off its coal consumption habit. China produces and consumes nearly as much coal as the rest of the world combined. Coal, the most polluting of all energy sources, has powered the growth of China’s flyaway economy. But as incomes have risen, so has pollution. The country is ...


    By Climate News Network

  • World must weigh the true cost of coal to be serious about climate – OECD

    Governments should rethink the role of coal in energy supply as the scale of new investments being made in unabated coal-fired electricity generation poses the most urgent threat to our climate, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today. Countries should conduct a more rigorous evaluation of the true costs of coal. With prices failing to fully account for the environmental, ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • New coal report underscores the urgent need for global clean energy development

    The latest International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Medium-Term Coal Market Report 2012 re-confirms the dangerous path the world is on–a path of increasing dependence on coal, which carries serious environmental risks for people and the planet. According to ...

  • Closing the door on building new coal-fired power plants in America

    Community opposition, legal challenges, and financial uncertainty over future carbon costs are prompting companies to rethink their plans for coal. Since the beginning of 2007, 95 proposed coal-fired power plants have been cancelled or postponed in the United States--59 in 2007, 24 in 2008, and at least 12 in the first three months of 2009. This covers nearly half of the 200 or so U.S. coal-fired ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Tips for turning a coal fired boiler to gas fired boilers

    Smog has been a heated topic among the word. Therefore , gas fired boiler substitute for coal fired boiler become a trend to protect the environment.Since the boiler is a large thermal equipment ,it is requires attention to security incidents in the transformation .Here are some tip from ZG about turning a coal fired boiler to gas fired boiler. First , when turning a coal fired boiler to gas ...

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