cogeneration Articles

  • Code Project - Case Study

    CODE and CODE 2 are EU co-funded projects examining and encouraging the rapid and effective implementation the CHP Directive. CODE is an EU wide independent assessment of the progress of the CHP Directive. The project partners and the COGEN Europe members will encourage the rapid and effective implementation of the Directive and independently review the Member States’ progress ...


    By COGEN Europe

  • An exergy-based method for allocating carbon dioxide emissions from cogeneration systems

    Many companies, government agencies and researchers have sought means to allocate emissions for cogeneration systems. Some work has been carried out in this area, but the results obtained thus far are not universally accepted, and often are inconsistent, overly complex and difficult to use, and not based on sound reasoning. In this paper, an exergy-based method for allocating emissions for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy optimisation of a Brayton cycle-based cogeneration plant

    An endoreversible Brayton cycle-based cogeneration plant has been optimised based on the dimensionless total exergy output rate criterion with a constraint on power-to-heat ratio. An optimal pressure ratio parameter and the maximum dimensionless total exergy output rate have been numerically determined. The optimisation results have been compared with those based on the total useful energy rate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermal exergy optimisation for an irreversible cogeneration power plant

    The optimal design model, based on exergy analysis, of an irreversible cogeneration cycle has been presented using finite-time thermodynamics. The external irreversibility is due to the thermal resistance between the system and the heat reservoirs while the internal irreversibility is due to the non-isentropic compression and expansion process within the system. The internal irreversibility of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergoeconomic optimisation of a Kalina cycle for power generation

    It is shown that the use of an ammonia-water Kalina absorption power cycle as a bottoming cycle for a cogeneration plant may result in an economic advantage. This cycle was optimised using as a goal function the exergoeconomic unitary cost of the electricity produced by both the cogeneration plant and the absorption cycle. The Zoutendijk method of feasible directions was used for this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A real options–based approach in guaranteed energy savings contracting

    The full development of the energy services company (ESCO) industry is still inhibited by the difficulties during the negotiation between customers and ESCOs. Contractual arrangements are traditionally based on energy performance contracting (EPC). Improvements on EPC schemes are required in order to achieve the success of the negotiation. This work focuses on a particular type of EPC, named ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamic and thermoeconomic comparison of combined cycle cogeneration systems

    In this paper, several configurations of combined cycle cogeneration systems are investigated by energy, exergy and thermoeconomic analyses. In each of these configurations, varying steam demand is considered rather than fixed steam demand. Among the different approaches for thermoeconomic analysis in the literature, the specific exergy costing method is applied. Since the systems have more than ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Novel cogeneration cost-sharing mechanism for energy savings and emission reduction in China

    Cogeneration can improve the efficiency of energy utilisation, improve energy savings and reduce carbon emission. However, China currently suffers unreasonable cogeneration pricing and cost sharing, which has seriously hampered the development of cogeneration power plants. Based on the production process of cogeneration, this paper analyses the principles of thermoelectric cogeneration and energy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Qualifying Combined Heat and Power (CHP) activity

    The EU 2002 draft and 2004 final CHP Directives propose qualifying CHP activity with the quality norm. This norm benchmarks the energy efficiency of CHP plant outputs on external reference power and heat efficiencies. Because the quality norm amalgamates cogeneration and condensing activity its application entails particular perverse effects for high-quality and adapted scale investment in CHP ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamic assessment of an integrated system for cogeneration and district heating and cooling

    A thermodynamic assessment is reported of a proposed system, for which advanced engineering designs have been developed for integrating cogeneration with district heating and cooling. The system was developed by Edmonton Power for the city of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Energy and exergy analyses are used to attain a more complete thermodynamic understanding. The results provide a better ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Separation of CO2 during combustion of coal in a pressurised fluidised bed

    The combustion of coal is accompanied by CO2 emissions. This carbon dioxide can be separated from the flue gases in the Combustion Chamber (CC) by means of adsorption on calcium oxide (carbonation) which in turn can be regenerated in a calcination process. A description of the processes and the integration in a whole power station that serves a district heating network and generates electricity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of micro-cogeneration potential for domestic trigeneration

    Cogeneration is worldwide considered as the major option to achieve considerable energy saving with respect to traditional systems. This paper deals with the application of micro-cogeneration, Micro-Combined Heat and Power (MCHP) (electrical power ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of exergy optimisation on a cogeneration system's CO2 emissions according to different demand patterns

    The objective of this work is to verify how different operational strategies affect the CO2 emissions of a cogeneration system according to different demand patterns. The operation strategies studied were focused in running cost and exergetic efficiency. The results show that the optimal exergetic efficiency strategy generated the highest emissions reduction. The operation with the highest ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cogeneration steam power desalting plants using steam turbines

    This paper presents the reasons and merits of using cogeneration generation power desalting plants (CPDP), the different methods used to rate their performance, and their drawbacks. The ratings of the CPDP are crucial, because the fuel cost allocation between the water and power depends on the rating method used. The ratings are usually based on the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. A ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quantifying Combined Heat and Power (CHP) activity

    In CHP plants without heat rejection facilities power, output is complementary to the recovery of heat, and all activity is cogeneration. CHP plants with heat rejection facilities can operate a mix of cogeneration and condensing activities. Quantifying the energy flows of both activities properly requires knowledge of the design power-to-heat ratios of the CHP processes (steam and gas turbines, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environment risk and cogeneration in China: the case of Zibo Huantai district

    With the economic development, the environment protection problems become more and more serious and the environment protection deterioration risk has been exacerbated in Zibo City, China. Many small heating boilers are used to supply heat in Huantai district of Zibo, which have low efficiency of energy consumption and cause serious pollution. With the analysis of the thermal power demand and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • In view of sustainable future energetic–exergetic and economic analysis of a natural gas cogeneration plant

    Thermodynamics plays an important role in performing energy and exergy analyses of industrial processes. The first law is widely used in engineering practice, and is the basis of the heat–balance method of analysis that is commonly used in energy systems performance analysis. However, the second law involves the reversibility or irreversibility of processes, and is a very important aspect ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis of a cogeneration system through Artificial Neural Network (ANN) method

    The main objective of this study is to apply the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) method to a cogeneration system, located in Izmir, Turkey, for exergetic evaluation purposes. The data used are based on the actual operational conditions and the results obtained from this system, which was exergetically analysed by the authors. It consists of three turbines with a total capacity of 13 MW, six spray ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamic evaluation of gas turbines for cogeneration applications

    In this paper, the first and second laws of thermodynamics have been utilised to evaluate the performance of intercooled reheat regenerative gas turbine cogeneration plant. The effects of overall pressure ratio, cycle temperature ratio, pressure losses, and process steam pressure on energetic and exergetic efficiencies have been investigated. The results indicate that most of the exergy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CHP Goes Green Project - Case Study

    The driving forces seen behind the project “CHP goes Green” are on the one hand the limited energy resources in general, as well as the limitation of biomass resources, and on the other hand the need to increase the use of renewable energy resources in the conventional heat supply as well as to increase the share of heat supplied by cogeneration. The advantage of the use of biomass in ...


    By COGEN Europe

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