combustion technology Articles

  • Experts in combustion control - Expert Paper

    Fired heaters are integral to hydrocarbon processing (HP). Specifically designed for the reaction of fuel and air to produce extremely high gas temperatures, heaters transfer this energy to potentially highly flammable process fluids via heat exchangers. They consume large quantities of fuel, produce large quantities of emissions and are a potential safety hazard to personnel and plant. However, ...

  • HyFLEET:CUTE - Case Study

    From Environmental Management to Sustainability Implement and manage a demonstration project spread across three continents To successfully tackle this challenge, constant reliable recording and fast analysis of large data amounts with multiple variables under a manifold of conditions were required. The data was collected from the operation of 47 hydrogen powered public transport ...


    By thinkstep

  • Catalytic combustion of fuels and existing ways for its implementation

    The new technology of flameless high-temperature combustion of fuel on the basis of catalytic method has the advantages consisting of the ecological cleanliess of process, the growth of volume thermal stress of furnace space and the reduction of specific quantity of metal and boiler cost. Application of catalytic boiler plants allows to bring in the maximum produced heat to the customers. Thus, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fuel cells - the environmentally friendly energy converter and power generator

    Heat engines based on fossil fuel combustion produce harmful pollutant emissions. Environmental concerns and sustainable development call for new technology for energy conversion and power generation, which is more efficient, environmentally friendly and compatible with alternative fuels and renewable energy sources and carriers. Fuel cells meet all these requirements and are being rapidly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low-volatile coal combustion technologies in Vietnam: issues and strategies

    Vietnam has planned to install a number of coal-fired power plants with unit's capacity of up to 600 MW. Present experience shows that available low volatile anthracite coal is difficult to burn in the PC fired boilers. In this paper, the CFB combustion technology is proposed based on the experiences of coal-fired power plants around the world used similar coal characteristics. Later, a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Oil shales - a competitive fuel of thermal power generation with new technologies

    We show that, in spite of the low heat of combustion of oil shales, use of them on the basis of a new thermal-processing technology that produces high-calorie products (shale tar and fuel gas) makes this type of fuel competitive for thermal power plants (TPPs) in comparison with high-calorie coals. When a certain amount of shale tar and all of the fuel gas are used in a combined cycle of a TPP, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Focus Bioenergy No 3 2004: Forest industry - a major user and supplier of biofuels

    Forest industry is a major user and supplier of biofuels. Sawmills use bark and shavings internally as fuel. The surplus goes to district heating plants, production of refined biofuels and the board industry. Other residual products from the sawmills are chipped. The bulk, the damp chips, is used for paper pulp in the pulp industry, whereas dry chips go to the fuel sector. The pulp industry uses ...


    By Elmia AB

  • The Boiler Optimization Journey

    The Boiler Optimization Journey talks about the evolution of power plant optimization software over the past 15 years, from neural network-based systems that advised operators how to bias fuel and air in the furnace to reduce NOx emissions, to integrated closed-loop combustion and sootblowing systems that use hybrid AI technologies, solve a broad range of challenges, and provide enhanced ...


    By NeuCo, Inc.

  • Commercialisation options for biomass energy technologies in ESCAP countries

    Biomass provides the basic energy requirements for cooking and heating in rural households and for processes in a variety of traditional industries in developing countries. In general, biomass energy uses in such cases are characterised by low efficiency. Potentially, efficiency improvements of existing energy systems could increase the energy supply from biomass substantially. Also, wide ranges ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Developments in Auxiliary Power for Vehicles

    Fuel cells are widely recognised as a technology of the future and as a potential replacement for the internal combustion engine in cars and other vehicles.This article looks at the potential for fuel cells to provide auxiliary power to vehicles, rather than primary motive power. Today, hydrogen-fuelled proton exchange membrane (PEM) type fuel cells, as illustrated in Figure 1, are being ...

  • Gas turbine emissions and environmental impact of efficiency boosting techniques

    In this paper, environmental impact of gas turbine power generation equipment is reviewed and emissions sources are discussed. The types of pollutants in simple cycle gas turbine power plants and the associated air quality problems are compiled. Then, airborne pollutants which are generated in the combustion turbines are described and factors affecting emission formation are discussed. Also, the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Momentum Series HP-1500 (4” X 25’) High Pressure Flare - Case Study #170206

    PROJECT DETAILS Location:Permian Basin Flow Rate HP: 1.7 MMSCFD HP Inlet Pressure (ΔP): 50-75 PSIG Smokeless %: 100% Pilot & Controls: ProFire1300 Solar Package: No ElectricyRequired Installed Year:2017 Aereon’s Momentum Series, Unassisted Flare is used to burn off waste natural gas from a high-pressure separator. The technology ...


    By AEREON

  • Combined Heat and Power (CHP) essentials

    'CHP essentials' introduces the concept of power and heat 'production possibility sets', starting at the cradle of CHP, i.e., the thermal power generation plant. The latter always occasions 'fatal' heat that is either recovered (the 'merit' of CHP) or wasted (condensing). This split paves the way to defining the production possibility sets of CHP plants, shown for steam turbines, internal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of micro-cogeneration potential for domestic trigeneration

    Cogeneration is worldwide considered as the major option to achieve considerable energy saving with respect to traditional systems. This paper deals with the application of micro-cogeneration, Micro-Combined Heat and Power (MCHP) (electrical power ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluating advanced automotive energy technologies: a multivariate mobility contribution metric

    Mobility technology is beginning to shift from gasoline-fuelled, internal combustion engines to a variety of alternate fuels and powertrains, including hybrid and fuel cell vehicles. The benefits and/or limitations of many of these technologies are not well characterised by a simple fuel economy metric: mobility is a complex system requiring a multivariate systems measure, especially ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Focus Bioenergy No 6 2004: Waste - a source of energy of growing significance

    We have to use the earth’s resources sparingly. Waste products that society generates can be recycled or used as a source of energy. Heat and electricity from waste combustion and biogas from digestion contribute some 8 TWh annually in Sweden. Waste stands for about 2 percent of used fuels in Swedish district heating. The importance of waste will rise rapidly in the near future. The ...


    By Elmia AB

  • Present status and future prospect of clean coal technology in China

    Coal consumption accounts for about two thirds of the primary energy consumption in China. High economic growth has brought about a rapid increase of coal consumption. Low-efficiency combustion of a large amount of coal caused coal-smoke related air pollution. The Chinese government put forward plans to develop clean coal technology in the early 1990s, and has listed it as one of the emphases for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of a lignite-fired power plant concept with integrated pressurised fluidised-bed drying and fuel cells

    In the coming decades, lignite will become one of the most important fuels for power production in Germany. In the last five years, Vattenfall Europe and RWE have put power plants of the 800–1000 MW class with efficiency of up to more than 43% into service. Four to five per cent efficiency can further be gained by using pre-dried lignite as fuel (BOA plus concept of RWE). Additional steps are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fault diagnosis of a diesel engine by using the analysis of instantaneous angular speed with a flexible model

    Engine shaft instantaneous angular speed (IAS) can be used to diagnose combustion related faults and other faults affecting the output of engines, especially for small-scale diesel generators. Unfortunately, it is difficult to apply this technology to monitoring the operational condition of a marine propulsion diesel engine due to its complex shafting systems and multiple factors affecting the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A diesel compound HCCI combustion engine based on injection strategy control

    This paper presents a compound combustion technology of "Premixed Combustion" and "Lean Diffusion Combustion" for the purpose of realising the concept of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion in a DI diesel engine. The premixed combustion is achieved by the technology of multi-pulse fuel injection. The start of pulse injection, injection-pulse number, injection period of each ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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