eu renewable energy directive Articles

  • Heating and Cooling in the upcoming EU Renewables Directive

    It is crucial that the future EU Renewables Directive includes effective measures to promote renewable heating and cooling (RES-H). To reach the 20% target by 2020, almost half of the growth in renewables production has to come from RES-H alone. Heating is a primary human need. Supply shortage recently became a credible scenario. While reducing this risk, RES-H can achieve substantial cost ...

  • Europe`s onshore and offshore wind energy potential

    The exploitation of renewable energy sources can help the European Union meet many of its environmental and energy policy goals, including its obligation to reduce greenhouse gases under the Kyoto Protocol (EC, 2002a) and the aim of securing its energy supply (EC, 2002b; EC, 2005). As early as 1997, the European Union set an ambitious 2010 indicative target of 12 % for the contribution of ...

  • Wind & solar energy and nature conservation

    Climate change and the degradation of ecosystems and biodiversity cannot be solved in isolation. Land and marine ecosystems play a crucial role in the climate system, capturing roughly half of carbon dioxide emissions generated by human activities (UNEP, 2009). Protecting biodiversity preserves ecosystem services that are important for regulating the climate and helping us to adapt to the impacts ...

  • Wind energy in Italy: regulatory and technical aspects

    Italy has carried out the deregulation of the electricity sector. The EU 'Renewable Directive' gave Italy a very ambitious burden sharing: by 2010, 25% of the demand will be faced by renewable energy against a 1997 baseline of 16%. To sustain such development, the producers/importers have a yearly obligation to inject into the system 'green production': in 2002 by 2% increasing to 3.05% by 2006 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aiming High Rewarding Ambition in Wind Energy - Report

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY With 392 GW installed, wind energy can be the single largest source of power generation in the EU by 2030 ahead of coal and gas. Wind energy already plays a significant role in the European power sector. In 2014, the wind industry installed 11,791 MW in the EU - more than gas and coal combined. Today wind energy can meet 10.2% of Europe’s electricity demand ...


    By WindEurope

  • Biomass and Integration in Future Energy Systems and the Bioeconomy

    Biomass was the primary source of materials and energy until the industrial revolution set off a series of major changes around two hundred years ago. In the industrialized world fossil fuels became the primary source for energy in the forms of electricity and heat and provided almost all fuels for transport. However, biomass continued to maintain an important role in the economies in both ...

  • Opportunities for biofuel sustainable development in Bulgaria

    The introduction of Directive 2003/30 EC of the European Union (EU) on biofuels had the ambitious goal to both reduce greenhouse gas emission (GHG) and create new jobs in rural areas. The challenge lies in the availability of premises to convert biomass in energy, which depends on the availability of land. Thus an opportunity has been created on the EU market for biofuels, offering to each Member ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trends and projections in Europe 2014

    Reporting the latest progress towards climate and energy targets in Europe This 2014 edition of the annual European Environment Agency (EEA) 'Trends and projections' report provides an updated assessment of the progress of the European Union (EU) and European countries towards achieving their climate mitigation and energy targets. The report also supports and complements the ...

  • Call for Action on Agro Commodity Governance

    The Ecosystem Alliance’s call for action Over the last decade, various commitments towards sustainability of agro-commodity value chains have been made by governments and private sector. Relevant in this context is the recent zerodeforestation pledges included in the New York declaration on Forests. Despite important progress, translating these commitments into effective implementation ...


    By Wetlands International

  • EED article 8, the UK and ESOS

    EU member states have the job of deciding by the summer how they will implement the European Energy Efficiency Directive. Here, Rosamund Thomas describes the current plans for the UK – ESOS. The European Union has set strong targets for energy within the next few years. The ‘20-20-20’ targets are a key strategy in the EU approach to a low carbon energy system; pushing for a ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Six drivers for the development of Green IT

    What are the forces pushing companies to green IT? Andie Stephens, Senior Consultant, Business Advice looks at six drivers for greener computing Dirty Data Earlier this year Greenpeace released a report titled "How Dirty is Your Data?" which ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Biofuels - case study

    As part of the Kyoto Protocol, the United Nations has called for the introduction of fuels obtained from biomass in order to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The increasing scarcity of worldwide oil reserves associated with the increase in crude oil prices has created the necessity for an increased utilisation of alternative fuel sources. These biofuels will become a fundamental component ...


    By AVA GmbH u. Co. KG

  • Reducing avian collisions with wind turbines

    Wind is an important renewable energy source for Europe. The wind power capacity installed in 2014 could produce enough electricity to meet over 10% of the EU’s electricity consumption. However, wind power structures can also be harmful to birds, which can collide with turbines. This study assessed methods of reducing avian collisions with wind turbines and makes several practical ...

  • Photovoltaic Applications and Policy Initiatives

    Issue: The world photovoltaic (PV) market has grown significantly in recent years. Although this trend is expected to continue in the future, estimates cannot be given with any real certainty. Relevance: In this context the question that arises is the role that public and private funding plays in market development and how this funding should be used to ensure the best results. Although current ...


    By Atlantis Technologies LLC

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