flare emissions Articles

  • Performance of the low-emission flare

    Job report / Elbisgraben (Bale / Switzerland) The summer of 1992 had finally arrived. The 5MW low emission furnace in the district heating station Liestal was ignited, supplied with landfill gas from Elbisgraben landfill. Since then the plant has been running continuously and the comprehensive measurements taken, verify that all targets aimed at have been achieved: plant ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • EPA Eyes Flare Operations

    Control of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in the natural gas and petrochemical industries is going to be more complex than ever in the wake of a recent EPA settlement with a major oil company focused on flare operations. The implications of the this settlement and the VOC emissions study are sure to be far-reaching, likely reducing the use of flares as control devices and increasing the cost of ...

  • 1:60 Control Range with Flare

    Type     HOFGAS®- LPM 3000/2500  Performance     2,500 Nm³/h, 12,500 kW Location     Central England (GB) Initial Situation The landfill site is situated in the middle of the Sheffield region. Over time, the city limits and the landfill site have grown together. Therefore, the operator is particularly ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Flare minimisation via dynamic simulation

    This paper describes a project of flare minimisation during plant startup by using dynamic simulation. Dynamic simulation was developed for recovery area in an olefin plant and used to examine startup procedures: approaching shutdown; startup with recycle ethane; starting the cracked feed and increasing the feed to normal production rate. The dynamic simulation gives an insight into the process ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biomass generation facility replaces flare - Case study

    A southeast-based Biomass Generation facility was interested in improving their current process to meet California’s increasingly stringent air emission requirements. At the time, a flare was being used to oxidize the off-gases from various production processes and storage containers. Catalytic Products International developed a solution that utilized the capabilities of the VECTOR ...

  • Flare Operations Changes Come From Study Findings

    EPA announced that it had reached a settlement agreement with Marathon Petroleum Company (Marathon) regarding allegations of Clean Air Act violations at Marathon’s Texas City and Detroit refineries. EPA developed the evidence by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) showing that several of Marathon’s flares were not controlling VOC emissions sufficiently, ...

  • 5000Nm3/h HT Flares in Sao João, Brazil

    Type      HOFGAS®-Efficiency 5000 Performance     3x 5,000 Nm3/h, 75,000 KW Location     Sao João (BR) Technical requirements Surplus combustion of 15,000 Nm3/h landfill gasCompliance with the UNFCCC regulationsHigh temperature combustion at 1,000-1,200°CHolding time ≥ ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Hofstetter high temperature flares in Brazil (CO2 certificates)

    Type      HOFGAS®- Efficiency 2500 (2x)  Commissioning      2003 Site      Bandeirantes(Saõ Paulo, BR)    Situation The landfill of Saõ Paulo, the largest city in South America, extends over 140 ha. For a period of 4 more years several thousands tons of waste will be deposited. The power ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Gas flaring in developing countries – need for kyoto mechanisms or sectoral crediting mechanisms?

    Gas flaring is a phenomenon that is wasteful in terms of valuable resources as well as a contributor to global GHG emissions, and occurs mostly in developing countries. It can only be mitigated through long-term and strategic investments, involving a myriad of stakeholders. A crediting mechanism could be seen as a starting point to create incentives for both private and public parties to build ...

  • Up in Smoke – How the climate and our health suffer from flaring

    It’s like burning banknotes. Latest statistics from the World Bank (WB) indicate that the amount of gas flared each year is enough energy to supply electricity to several small countries or many millions of households. The flaring of 140 billion cubic metres (bcm) a year releases large quantities of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere – and that is not only bad news for the climate, ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Replacing of mechanical compressors by gas ejectors in flare gas recovery systems

    One of the main concerns of humankind in this century is the global warming induced by the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. A promising process for controlling the atmospheric CO2 level is prevention of combustion in flares causing high losses of raw material and energy that could generate more desired products. In the present work, a flare gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • U.S. EPA Proposes Substantial Refinery Flare Operating and Monitoring Requirements

    U.S. EPA is proposing to amend the operating and monitoring requirements for flares at petroleum refineries.  The proposed revisions are complex and are far reaching, and if promulgated, will affect all flares at petroleum refineries.  U.S. EPA’s stated rationale for the proposed revisions is that the ...


    By All4 Inc.

  • Recovering energy from biogas emission: the case of Mariana Mantovana landfill (Italy)

    This paper deals with the analytic rating of the economic investment in an energy recovery plant for municipal waste, in relation to the estimate of its capability to exploit biogas production transformation, and sale of electricity production, and the Green Certificates. The approach entails the assessment of potential scenarios of biogas flare coming from its production forecasts, according to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cenovus brings new approaches to emissions and energy management across 1,000 facilities

    Cenovus Energy is proud of being a new company with new ideas and new approaches. This Canadian oil company began independent operations in December 2009 and is committed to using fresh, progressive thinking to safely and responsibly unlock energy resources the world needs. Its operations include oil sands projects in northern Alberta that use specialized methods to bring oil to the surface. It ...


    By IHS Markit

  • Case study: AMAPETCO onshore gas power generation

    ProServe with its principles Dresser Rand has supplied, installed, commissioned and start up on Nov 2015 a very unique 2 X 780 kW gas gen sets using the flare gas at AMAPETCO company field in Ras Eldeb bay “100 Km south of Hurghada city on the red sea. These two gen sets are the first environmental friendly ones in Egypt using a catalytic convertor to reduce the NOx to less than 100 ppm. ...


    By ProServe Egypt

  • Enisei oil production facility

    Capitalizing on previously flared gas Oil production is a well established industry in Russia. Enisei Ltd is an oil business situated in the town of Usinsk, Komi Republic, Russia. The company’s core business is oil production at the oil field located 60 km North of Usinsk. Full utilization of APG is not a widely spread practice in Russia. In general, complete utilization of ...


    By Camco Clean Energy Company

  • Small scale biogas upgrading: Green gas with the DMT Carborex® MS system

    Abstract  More and more effort is being put in the utilization of bio-solids. Bio-solids can be an important source for useful products like fertilizers and biogas. DMT has been developing biogas treatment plants for over 20 years following the market developments closely.  Biogas was first seen as a nuisance at e.g. landfills, creating odor problems and methane emissions. A flare has ...

  • Case study - Agiba Gas Power Generation

    Proserve has recently carried out a power generation project with Agiba Petroleum Company in the western desert of Egypt to utilize the waste free flare gas instead of the very expensive fossil diesel fuel to power the oil production wells ‘pumps. The project faced several technical challenges. The associated gas has a low methane number” less than 45”,  which necessitated ...


    By ProServe Egypt

  • Energy Savings on Process Heating Units Case History

    The Customer This specialty chemical company is a leading supplier of performance polymers. Their products are used in a wide range of applications including adhesives, coatings, consumer and personal care products, sealants, lubricants, medical, packaging, automotive, paving, roofing and footwear products. The Project The company was increasing the ...

  • High Temperature Combustion of Biogas

    High Temperature Combustion of Biogas Efficient combustion of biogas Controlled and concealed combustion Combustion temperature > 900°C Residence time more than 0.3 s Insulated combustion chamber High safety standard The HOFGAS® - IFL4c high temperature flare provides safe and environmentally-friendly combustion of biogas. The exhaust gas ...


    By Hofstetter BV

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