flash point testing Articles

  • What is the difference between open and closed cup flash point?

    Flash point tests are used to show the lowest temperature that a volatile substance is vapourised into a flammable gas. This is done by introducing a source of ignition, then waiting for the “flash” where the substance is ignited. There are a wide range of methods but most are available in open or closed cup formats – ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Evaluation of thermal steam-explosion key operation factors to optimize biogas production from biological sludge

    Thermal steam-explosion is the most extended hydrolysis pretreatment to enhance anaerobic digestion of sludge. Thermal hydrolysis key parameters are temperature (T) and time (t), and the generally accepted values reported from full-scale information are: 150–230 °C and 20–60 min. This study assesses the influence of different temperature–time–flash combinations (110–180 °C, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling oil degradation in electric transformer oil under typical loads

    In testing transformer oils for durability, it is desirable to use typical transformer operating conditions with appropriate allowances for factor of safety against temperature and voltage. The kinetics of degradation of used type II transformer oil with original flash point of 148?C, pour point of 51?C, and water content of 4 ppm was investigated. Assuming that the oil temperature in models Pr01 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Methods of oil/fuel analysis

    PC GlobeCore can propose you to make a reclaiming test of yours example of fuel (oil) to verify the possibility of clean it. If the oil is contaminated and not suitable for use, filtration can be recommended. Or, you can also make this test by yourself using our laboratory/test-bench transformer oil vacuum regeneration system UVR. The regenerated samples exceeded yours expectations. Average ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Guide for Measuring Fuel Dilution in Lubricating Oil

    Fuel dilution in oil can cause serious engine damage. High levels of fuel (>2%) in a lubricant can result in decreased viscosity, oil degradation, loss of dispersancy, and loss of oxidation stability. Fuel dilution is one of the most important lubricant failure modes in internal combustion engines. It usually occurs due to ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Helplessly exposed to nature? How lightning storms can be measured

    Each day, there occur about 1,000 thunderstorms with 4-10 million lightning bolts worldwide. In average, 700 people per year are hit by such light discharges, of which 75% of the hits result in long-term damages. Between three and seven cases end fatal. The risk is particularly high in the open field and is fortunately decreasing. The reason for this is that we stay more often inside in cars and ...

  • Solar`s Time to Rise and Shine.

    Photovoltaic efficiency records are being shattered, thanks to recent advances in materials science. Last month, a researcher at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., loaded a postage stamp–sized solar cell onto a tray and placed it under a high-intensity pulse solar simulator. The simulator flashed a 2.5 millisecond pulse of light, and 19 mirrors reflected the ...


    By Ensia

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