fuel cell voltage Articles

  • Fuel Cell Voltage Monitoring Considerations

    Knowing what’s happening inside a fuel cell is a critical function, especially as fuel cells are continuing to be developed. One important aspect of this is to measure the voltageof each cell in a stack. Although this may sound trivial, it can be more complex and more expensive than it may at first appear due to high voltages, high channel counts,communication types, etc. There ...


    By Fuel Cells Etc

  • What Else do I Need for my Fuel Cell?

    So, you have bought a Fuel Cell and are ready to start using it. Or are you? Did you plan on any of the ancillary components you might need? Depending on who you buy the ...


    By Fuel Cells Etc

  • Effect of pH and distance between electrodes on the performance of a sediment microbial fuel cell

    The performance of three sediment microbial fuel cells (SMFCs) was evaluated at different feed water pH and electrode spacing for chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal, total nitrogen (TN) removal, and power density; while offering in situ remediation of aquaculture pond water. SMFC-A was operated at the feed water pH of 6.5 and spacing between the electrodes of 100 cm. SMFC-B and SMFC-C were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A novel stabilisation scheme for hybrid photovoltaic, fuel–cell and diesel gen–set utilisation system

    The paper presents a novel FACTS–based modulated filter compensator scheme for a hybrid renewable photovoltaic–diesel–fuel cell common DC bus interface scheme. The proposed standalone photovoltaic–diesel–fuel system is fully interfaced using the common AC–DC collection bus topology. This allows for full decoupling of AC and DC type green source and ensures full flexibility in controlling the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Visible light-operated glucose-O2 biofuel cell

    Visible light-operated glucose-O2 biofuel cell consisting of chlorin-e6 metal complexes (MChl?e6, M = H2 and Zn) adsorbed on TiO2 coated onto Optical Transparent conductive glass Electrode (OTE) as an anode, platinum electrode as a cathode, and the solution containing glucose, Glucose Dehydrogenase and NAD+ as a fuel is studied. The cells using H2Chl-e6 and Zn Chl-e6 adsorbed on TiO2 coated OTEs ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water vapour permeation measurement for PV Solar Cell packaging

    With fears of carbon dioxide causing global warming and diminishing supplies of fossil fuels, a looming energy crisis is affecting all countries.  As a consequence, a great deal of world-wide effort is going into the development of alternative energy technologies.  At present, wind, hydro and geothermal are becoming well established with more niche roles for tidal and solar. The latter ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • A new application of hydrogen

    A new application of hydrogen is being deployed which is helping solve humanity’s ever-evolving energy woes. Traditionally, hydrogen has a large number of applications – used in everything from industrial products to food packaging. Ammonia used in fertilizer and industrial processes amounted to 160 Million tons worldwide in 2011; hydrogen is a primary component in ammonia. The market ...


    By Verde LLC

  • Solar`s Time to Rise and Shine.

    Photovoltaic efficiency records are being shattered, thanks to recent advances in materials science. Last month, a researcher at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., loaded a postage stamp–sized solar cell onto a tray and placed it under a high-intensity pulse solar simulator. The simulator flashed a 2.5 millisecond pulse of light, and 19 mirrors reflected the ...


    By Ensia

  • New energy economy emerging in the United States

    As fossil fuel prices rise, as oil insecurity deepens, and as concerns about climate change cast a shadow over the future of coal, a new energy economy is emerging in the United States. The old energy economy, fueled by oil, coal, and natural gas, is being replaced by one powered by wind, solar, and geothermal energy. The transition is moving at a pace and on a scale that we could not have ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Micropower system modeling with Homer

    The HOMER Micropower Optimization Model is a computer model developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assist in the design of micropower systems and to facilitate the comparison of power generation technologies across a wide range of applications. HOMER models a power system's physical behavior and its life-cycle cost, which is the total cost of installing and operating ...


    By HOMER Energy LLC

  • Solar power generation by photovoltaic technology

    The various forms of solar energy, solar heat, solar photovoltaic, solar thermal electricity, and solar fuels offer a clean, climate-friendly, very abundant and in-exhaustive energy resource to mankind. Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaic (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP). The research has been under way since the ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • Developing a Novel Device for Accurate Biogas Concentration Measurement

    Due to increasing awareness on the impact of fossil fuels on the environment, and heavier taxes on carbon emissions there is a worldwide effort to seek renewable sources of energy – alternative energy sources that increase energy efficiency and security.  A renewable source that’s gained significant attention in recent years is biogas, one of the most ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • How big is the distributed energy opportunity for water and wastewater utilities?

    Energy costs for water utilities are large, and growing Energy is a significant cost for many water utilities, and costs are growing as more energy-intensive forms of water supply, including desalination, are being used. Energy is typically the second-largest utility budget item in developed countries, after labour. In many developing countries, energy can account for 70% or even more, of ...

  • The Emerging Power of Microgrids

    Over many decades, the centralized power grid — a one-way flow of electricity, generated by large, remote power plants and distributed over miles of transmission lines to homes and businesses — succeeded in delivering electricity across continents to billions. But in recent years the system’s shortcomings have become increasingly ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Are inverters PV’s Achilles Heel?

    The organizers of the Utility Scale PV Yield Optimization Conference & Expo, gained exclusive access with Michael Levi, Senior Director Worldwide Marketing from Satcon to talk about the inverter market for utility solar projects, how they are positioning themselves in a competitive market and how reliable are these key components. Q1:  What segment of the solar market are you ...


    By FCBI Energy

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