geothermal fluid Articles

  • Electricity production from geothermal sources by binary system; choosing secondary fluids

    Because of the increasing prices of fossil fuels and the demand for cleaner electricity production, many sources of renewable energy have been proposed. Although Turkey has the seventh highest geothermal potential in the world and the second highest in Europe, electricity generation from geothermal energy is quite low. The purpose of this article is to search for the possibility of electrical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergoeconomic evaluation of a geothermal power plant

    In this study, exergy and exergoeconomic analyses of the Dora II geothermal power plant (DGPP) with 9.5 MW net power output are carried out by using real thermodynamic and cost data. The exergetic efficiency of this plant is calculated to be 29.6%. The highest exergy destruction rate among the DGPP components occurs in the cooling towers followed by the turbines, vaporisers, preheaters and pumps. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Geothermal Energy... Power from the Depths

    The Earth's crust is a bountiful source of energy—and fossil fuels are only part of the story. Heat or thermal energy is by far the more abundant resource. To put it in perspective, the thermal energy in the uppermost six miles of the Earth's crust amounts to 50,000 times the energy of all oil and gas resources in the world! The word 'geothermal' literally means 'Earth' plus 'heat.' ...

  • Exergy analysis of geothermal electricity using the Kalina cycle

    The geothermal energy that is stored in the earth is so vast that could supply all the energy needed by humanity. The difficulty in tapping this energy lies in its diffusivity. The geothermal energy in regions near volcanoes is close to the surface and easy to use economically. In this paper a vapour dominated system will be examined. The electricity that is produced from such a system is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of Non-Condensable Gases on geothermal power plant performance. Case study: Kizildere Geothermal Power Plant-Turkey

    Non-Condensable Gases (NCGs) are natural components of geothermal fluids, and they are a source of considerable capital and operating costs for power plants. The NCG content of geothermal steam varies over the world from almost zero to as much as 25% (wt). In this work, the influence of NCGs on the thermodynamic performance of geothermal power plants is analysed for various NCG content and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis and performance evaluation of Kizildere Geothermal Power Plant, Turkey

    Conventional geothermal power plants (GPP) differ from fossil-fuel power plants (FFPP) in many ways. The most specific ones are that GPPs are not cyclic plants and the working fluid is not pure steam. Geothermal steam contains non-condensable gases (NCG) which degrade power plant efficiency. This discrepancy leads to two considerations in energy and exergy analysis of GPPs. One is that the amount ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - green machine in Romania running off geothermal brine

    Gross Power Output Avg: 50kWe Thermal Heat Input: 700kWt Hot Water Input Range: 105°C Hot Water Flow: 10.1 l/s Average Ambient Temp: 12°C The Green Machine was commissioned at a geothermal well in Romania. The machine produces 50kW (gross) of electricity from the geothermal hot water (216°F/102°C) without any fuel or emissions. To further increase the ...


    By ElectraTherm

  • Performance optimisation of the combined single flash binary geothermal power plant

    In this paper, the optimal operating conditions of a hypothetical combined single flash-binary geothermal power plant are investigated and performance analyses are performed based on Aydin-Germencik field in Turkey. The relationship between flashing pressure, turbine inlet pressure of the binary cycle and total heat transfer area of the heat exchanger are determined for maximum power output of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - ElectraTherm generates power from low temperature geothermal

    Site: Florida Canyon, Nevada, USA Gross Power Output: up to 75kWe Hot Water Input Range: 225-230F Hot Water Flow: 150 GPM Thermal Heat Input: 660kWt Air Cooled Condenser ElectraTherm successfully commissioned its Green Machine at the Florida Canyon Mine in Imlay, Nevada. ElectraTherm marked the occasion at Florida Canyon Mine with a commissioning ceremony including officials ...


    By ElectraTherm

  • As Global Demand for Electricity Grows, Geothermal Energy Heats Up

    January 9, 2017 — At 2:46 p.m. local time on Friday, March 11, 2011, Japan was rocked by the largest earthquake ever to strike its shores. The 9.1 magnitude quake triggered a devastating tsunami that killed more than 15,000 people. It also took out the back-up emergency generators that cooled the reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant complex, causing a series of ...


    By Ensia

  • A BME solution of the stochastic three-dimensional Laplace equation representing a geothermal field subject to site-specific information

    This work develops a model of the geothermal field in the Nea Kessani region (Greece) by means of the Bayesian maximum entropy (BME) method, which describes the temperature variations across space in the underground geological formations. The geothermal field is formed by a thermal reservoir consisting of arcosic sandstones. The temperature distribution vs depth was first investigated by the ...


    By Springer

  • Case Study - Aluto Langano Power Plant Rehabilitation

    Aluto Langano, Ethiopia – 2007 The Aluto Langano Geothermal Pilot Plant (ALGPP) is located on the Aluto volcanic complex of the Ethiopian Rift valley, close to the eastern escarpment between Lake Langano and Lake Ziway, some 200 km southeast of Addis Ababa. The Aluto volcanic complex is a young acidic system consisting of domes, lava, and pyroclastic interbeds. The geothermal field was ...

  • A Cleaner Energy Future

    As renewable energy plays an increasingly important role in the world’s energy portfolio, the standards of ASTM International Committee E44 are helping to pave the way for innovation in clean energy sources. A growing population and improving living standards around the world are causing significant increases in energy demand and competition for fossil fuels. These escalating energy ...


    By ASTM International

  • New energy economy emerging in the United States

    As fossil fuel prices rise, as oil insecurity deepens, and as concerns about climate change cast a shadow over the future of coal, a new energy economy is emerging in the United States. The old energy economy, fueled by oil, coal, and natural gas, is being replaced by one powered by wind, solar, and geothermal energy. The transition is moving at a pace and on a scale that we could not have ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Utilizing Waste Heat For Power

    Continuous duty gen-sets provide base-load power generation in diverse applications around the globe. However, high fuel costs and engine maintenance are pain points felt by operators. A low-maintenance path to significant fuel savings and lower emissions is what the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) had in mind when they approached ElectraTherm to integrate the company’s Green Machine waste ...


    By ElectraTherm

  • 5 Eco-Friendly Installations that Attract Homebuyers

    Many homeowners are going green for different reasons. Some want to reduce their carbon footprint, others want to save money, either way going green is in. Here are five ways to add eco-friendly features to your home. Reclaim Gray Water The average family of four, according to the Environmental Protect Agency, uses 400 gallons of water every single day. Using gray water, however, ...


    By Institut für Solartechnik

  • Case study - Green Machine uses biomass to put power back on the grid

    St. Helena Island, South Carolina Gross Power Output: up to 43kWe Thermal Heat Input: 200 - 500kWt Hot Water Input Range: 160 - 235°F Hot Water Flow: 150 GPM     Cold Water Input: 68°F Cold Water Flow: 150 GPM In fall 2010, American Capital Resources Company installed ElectraTherm’s heat-to-power Green Machine, for generating power from ...


    By ElectraTherm

  • Renewable energy progress report

    What is the Renewable energy progress report and what is its purpose? The Renewable Energy Directive states that a progress report should be issued every two years. The purpose of this progress report is to assess Member States' progress in the promotion and use of renewable energy in line with the 2020 targets. In addition, it contains sections on ...


    By Europa Press Room

  • Proof: For superior energy efficiency - Water Beats VRF - Case Study

    ASHRAE’s Apples to Apples Comparison Proves Hydronics Delivers Superior Energy Efficiency over VRF For years Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) manufacturers have been touting their systems’ superior energy efficiency over hydronics without providing the supporting data. Then ASHRAE decided to showcase both systems in its Atlanta headquarters and meter their performance. ...


    By Evapco Inc.

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