heavy fuel oil fraction Articles
Evaluating toxicity of heavy fuel oil fractions using complementary modeling and biomimetic extraction methods
The toxicity of chemically dispersed heavy fuel oil (HFO) and 3 distillate fractions to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) embryos was evaluated using the PETROTOX model and a biomimetic extraction technique that involved passive sampling of oil‐contaminated test media with solid‐phase microextraction (SPME) fibers. Test solutions for toxicity testing were generated using a combination of ...
Effects‐driven chemical fractionation of heavy fuel oil to isolate compounds toxic to trout embryos
Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) spills account for approximately 60% of ship‐source oil spills and are up to fifty times more toxic than medium and light crude oils. HFOs contain elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and alkyl‐PAH, known to be toxic to fish, however little direct characterization of HFO toxicity has been reported. An effects‐driven chemical fractionation ...
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