hydropower flow Articles

  • Intro to Hydropower Part:2 Measuring head & flow

    Measuring the stream course—Anna and Joe work downstream, shooting vertical drop (head) with a sight level, and getting a rough measurement of the pipe run at the same time. Small-scale hydro is the only renewable energy source that works for you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In the first article in this series (HP103), I explained the basics of hydroelectric system theory, and ...

  • Hydropower - Practice and Application

    Hydroelectric energy is the most widely used form of renewable energy, accounting for 16 percent of global electricity consumption. This book is primarily based on theoretical and applied results obtained by the authors during a long time of practice devoted to problems in the design and operation of a significant number of hydroelectric power plants in different countries. It was preferred to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How to plan hydropower stations for the future

    The hydropower plants of tomorrow won’t only produce energy. Constructing dams will also provide new drinking water sources, irrigation for crops, and new waterways for transport. In the words of most of the scientists here at World Water Week in Stockholm, Sweden, they will be ‘multipurpose’. This means that each plant ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Control systems for small hydropower plants: a review

    Hydropower is emerging as a major contributor to world energy requirement. It is inexhaustible, clean and has many other benefits like flood mitigation, water supply, irrigation, etc. However, large-scale hydropower generation suffers from inherent disadvantages, such as massive financial outlays, long gestation periods, geological surprises, environmental factors and rehabilitation of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to make hydropower more environmentally friendly

    Hydropower provides 85 percent of the world’s renewable electricity, but comes with a hefty environmental price tag. Here’s what some are doing to fix that. Humanity got its first large-scale electricity thanks to hydropower. On Aug. 26, 1895, water flowing over Niagara Falls was diverted to spin two generators, producing electricity to manufacture aluminum and carborundum. Since ...


    By Ensia

  • Implementation strategies and a cost/benefit comparison for compliance with an environmental flow regime in a Mediterranean river affected by hydropower

    Compliance with the Water Framework Directive (WFD) of the European Union requires water managers to establish environmental flow regimes (EFR) in rivers across the continent. Few water agencies have examined the economic and social welfare impacts of implementing environmental flow requirements. We present the approach used by the Catalan Water Agency to calculate an EFR and estimate the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The potential impacts of climate change on hydropower generation in Mid Wales

    Hydropower is a potential large source of electricity supply in Wales. The Upper River Severn in Mid Wales is a typical stream where a high head hydropower scheme could be developed and the river system at Plynlimon has some of the longest records for weather and flow in Wales. A micro-hydropower potential of 99 kW is demonstrated at Plynlimon and the potential impacts of climate change are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Power estimation and reliability evaluation of municipal waste water and self–excited induction generator–based micro hydropower generation system

    This paper presents power estimation and reliability evaluation of the micro hydro power generation system based on municipal waste water. Self–excited induction generator was used in the developed power plant, situated at IIT (BHU) campus, Varanasi, India. The hydro potential of the waste water flowing through sewage system of the Banaras Hindu University has been determined for annual flow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Large-scale hydropower system optimization using dynamic programming and object-oriented programming: the case of the Northeast China Power Grid

    This paper examines long-term optimal operation using dynamic programming for a large hydropower system of 10 reservoirs in Northeast China. Besides considering flow and hydraulic head, the optimization explicitly includes time-varying electricity market prices to maximize benefit. Two techniques are used to reduce the ‘curse of dimensionality’ of dynamic programming with many ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Website offers global view of small hydroelectric projects

    It is now easier to access reliable data on small hydropower projects globally following the launch of a website designed to promote this technology, says a UN body. The UN Industrial Development Organization ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • As Global Demand for Electricity Grows, Geothermal Energy Heats Up

    January 9, 2017 — At 2:46 p.m. local time on Friday, March 11, 2011, Japan was rocked by the largest earthquake ever to strike its shores. The 9.1 magnitude quake triggered a devastating tsunami that killed more than 15,000 people. It also took out the back-up emergency generators that cooled the reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant complex, causing a series of ...


    By Ensia

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