nuclear energy Articles

  • Emerging Asian Economies Drive the Increase in World Energy Use from 2015 to 2040

    World energy consumption is projected to increase by 28% by 2040, according to the International Energy Outlook 2017 (IEO2017), released today by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Most of the world's growth in energy demand is projected to take place in countries outside of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). China and ...


    By Smart Grid Observer

  • Nuclear energy and the environment

    This paper compares the environmental and health impacts of generating electricity by both nuclear and coal chains. The comparison shows that the impact on the environment and on human health and the greenhouse gas emission factor from nuclear electricity generation is 1-2 orders of magnitude compared with using coal to generate electricity. The coal chain has become one of the major sources of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear energy and India

    The Indian nuclear energy programme, based on a closed fuel cycle, comprises three main stages: pressurised heavy water reactors in the first stage, fast breeder reactors in the second stage and thorium-based reactors in the third stage. The economic growth and the concomitant growth in energy requirement in the country have led to various studies mandating a larger role for nuclear energy in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear energy and non-proliferation

    More than 60 years after the 'atomic age' was born, the international community is still suffering from the side effects. The doors were opened to a new energy resource that is vast and powerful. Problems on how to regulate and confine it to peaceful purposes emerged right from the beginning. In this paper, some common misconceptions are revealed and suggestions are proposed to remove general ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear energy development in Romania

    At present, in Europe, there is a major concern for the existing energy mix. Nuclear energy can play an important role in the energy future of the Europe. It represents a clean alternative for electricity generation and has a significant stability of the production costs. Closing certain aged, inefficient and highly polluting thermal power plants and the increase of generation capacities with new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On nuclear energy in Romania

    The production of nuclear energy in Romania, at the Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) with CANDU-600 equipment and five 700 MW reactors, one of which is operational, will cover 10% of the national energy demand. In this paper we discuss the following problems: the exploitation of the installation in conditions of safety and the prospect of increasing the final power output of the NPP; the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear energy in Argentina

    After early interest in the possible uses of uranium in 1937, Argentina's scientists and politicians showed an inclination to support nuclear development that has kept quite steady compared with other areas. The Argentinean government prohibited the export of uranium in 1945, because of the emerging possibility of producing nuclear energy. The creation of the Atomic Energy Commission soon ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prospects for nuclear energy in Europe

    This paper adds to the debate about the role of nuclear power in sustainable development by providing an overview of its current status and future prospects in Europe. The main economic and environmental concerns that nuclear energy could mitigate – energy dependency, air pollution and climate change – are analysed over three time frames. Particularly important are five problematic features of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Producing hydrogen using nuclear energy

    The earliest means of separating hydrogen from water was by electrolysis using electrical energy that usually had been produced by low-efficiency thermodynamic processes. Substitution of thermal energy for electrical energy in high-temperature electrolysis gives a somewhat higher overall efficiency, but significantly complicates the process. Today, the vast majority of hydrogen is produced by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Myths, symbols, society and nuclear energy

    Today, can we really ascertain whether Humanity has effectively derived more good than evil from the discovery of radioactivity a century ago? The answer hinges on the judgement that we and our fellow–citizens make about the impact of the applications of nuclear physics, by reference to a number of fundamental values: the concern to preserve our planet, its inhabitants and its environment; ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The role of nuclear energy in establishing sustainable energy paths

    Nuclear energy remains a controversial issue for public policies on energy and the environment because of arguments concerning radioactive waste, reactor accidents, nuclear proliferation and economic competitiveness. The issues of climate change and supply security have provided a new rationale for its reappearance on the international political agenda. Recent national policy directions in some ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Historical, regulatory and safety aspects of nuclear energy in India

    Jawaharlal Nehru, former Prime Minister of India and Homi J. Bhabha interacted closely to set up the Atomic Energy Commission in 1948. The Indian parliament replaced the Atomic Energy Act, 1948 with the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (AEA 1962) and promulgated appropriate rules. The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was set up in 1954. The Indian Cabinet established, through a resolution, a new Atomic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quantifying the perceived risks associated with nuclear energy issues

    A mathematical model is presented for quantifying and assessing perceived risks in an empirical manner. The analytical model provides for the identification and assignment of any number of quantifiable risk perception factors that can be incorporated within standard risk methodology. The set of risk perception factors used to demonstrate the model are those that have been identified by social and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The role of the international integration of nuclear education, nuclear knowledge management and education in providing the basis for the future renaissance of nuclear energy

    For Russia, nuclear technologies serve as the basis for economic, energy and political security. However, there are some challenges that significantly inhibit nuclear growth and development. One of these challenges is the shortage of qualified personnel. In the Russian nuclear sector there has been no systematic approach to workforce training and re-education until now. One of the most effective ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear energy: a fuel for the 21st century? A green perspective

    Global warming has put green economics in an uncomfortable position. Should we support nuclear energy, long considered an anathema, as a temporary expedient? Or should we resist nuclear energy's seductive appeal as a palliative for global warming? Is green economics forced to choose between the lesser of two evils – global warming and nuclear energy? Or is there a more palatable alternative ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Canada - Nuclear Energy Market 2018 Forecasts

    Features and benefits Save time carrying out entry-level research by identifying the size, growth, and leading players in the nuclear energy market in CanadaUse the Five Forces analysis to determine the competitive intensity and therefore attractiveness of the nuclear energy market in CanadaLeading company profiles reveal details of key nuclear energy market players' global operations and ...


  • Nuclear energy: societal and knowledge management aspects

    Multidisciplinary complexity and special characteristics of nuclear energy management lead to varied public perception of associated risks. Arguments on how nuclear power plants might contribute to sustainability or threaten it are discussed. Energy produced from nuclear power reactors may contribute to the economic development of the country they are built in by providing electricity with lower ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prospects for nuclear energy in South Asia in the 21st century

    The South Asian region is characterised by low per capita energy consumption. There are large differences in the region with regard to energy resource endowments. In the entire region one notices an excessive use of non-commercial energy. The region has significant hydro-potential, which needs to be fully exploited. There are possibilities for trade in energy in the region. India is the largest ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainable nuclear energy: some reasons for optimism

    This paper traces various aspects of nuclear electrical power from about 1970 when it burst on the world scene, starting in the USA and spreading rapidly to the rest of the world. Taking the US situation as typical, and perhaps dominant, I show that the cost of nuclear electricity was cheap in 1973, and the developments since then mostly related to public perception, that made it more expensive. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Radiation exergy: the case of thermal and nuclear energy

    This study presents several methods to evaluate the exergy of thermal and nuclear radiation. First, a general treatment is developed for the thermal radiation exergy flux. Second, the exergy of thermal radiation is derived from a simple, general, original thermodynamic argument. Third, the state of the art concerning the accurate upper bounds for the conversion efficiency of thermal radiation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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