nuclear power safety Articles

  • Verification of nuclear power plants safety systems

    Although safety is and has always been the primary objective for the nuclear community, it happens that the established practices for verification of nuclear plants' safety systems fail to provide reliable knowledge. The traditional investigation techniques have proven to be insufficient in their attempts to solve the problems and to prevent new failures. In this paper, difficulties in performing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Floating nuclear power plants

    Nuclear energy, in comparison with other modes of energy generation such as hydro, thermal and non-conventional sources, has high energy density with little environmental pollution or greenhouse gas emissions. The methodologies to check the problems of nuclear radiation hazards and waste associated with this technology are continuously being developed towards perfection. The nuclear plants are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The future of nuclear power worldwide

    Energy production from fossil fuels, mainly natural gas and coal, contributes significantly to global warming through large-scale greenhouse gas emissions, mainly of hundreds of billions of tonnes of carbon in the form of carbon dioxide. At least for the next few decades, one of the realistic options for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from energy production could be the increasing use of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • U.S. Nuclear Power in Decline

    Nuclear power generation in the United States is falling. After increasing rapidly since the 1970s, electricity generation at U.S. nuclear plants began to grow more slowly in the early 2000s. It then plateaued between 2007 and 2010—before falling more than 4 percent over the last two years. Projections for 2013 show a further 1 percent drop. With reactors retiring early and proposed ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • The Future of Nuclear Power Plants

    With the blast of the French nuclear power plant a few weeks ago, safety of nuclear power plant designs has fallen under more scrutiny. Although according to sources the blast took place in the turbine hall and no nuclear leak was found, this event has brought more attention to improved design and operation standards. Following the incident earlier this month Toshiba, a Japanese ...


    By SoftInWay Inc.

  • The future of the regulation of nuclear safety in the EU

    After more than 50 years of a Euratom Community and despite detailed and wide-reaching European rules in neighbouring fields such as radiological protection, the European Union (EU) has so far been unable to adopt rules on the safety of nuclear installations and the management of nuclear waste. After highlighting the limitations of the existing international law in this field, this paper shows ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sabotage vulnerability of nuclear power plants

    There have been many recent studies of nuclear security focusing on terrorist assault, but this paper discusses methods equal in catastrophic potential: sabotage by individuals with a detailed knowledge of security procedures, plant layout and the functional nature of the critical components of a nuclear power plant. The paper looks only at sabotage without explosives or using very small amounts ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Historical, regulatory and safety aspects of nuclear energy in India

    Jawaharlal Nehru, former Prime Minister of India and Homi J. Bhabha interacted closely to set up the Atomic Energy Commission in 1948. The Indian parliament replaced the Atomic Energy Act, 1948 with the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (AEA 1962) and promulgated appropriate rules. The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was set up in 1954. The Indian Cabinet established, through a resolution, a new Atomic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A new world governance for nuclear safety after Fukushima?

    Over several decades of operation of nuclear power plants, the world nuclear community has built progressively an international regime to govern the safety of such plants. Starting from a time when nuclear safety was generally considered as an exclusive domestic responsibility, the evolution in this direction has been slow and uneven. Accidents have had to serve as a catalyst to mitigate the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Some advantages of nuclear fuel in spherical form for nuclear power plants

    This paper presents the pre-eminent features of a new generation of nuclear reactors in comparison with existing generations, such as safety operation, non-release of radioactive materials into the environment under any conditions, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, and suitability for developing countries. The paper also presents some results on the physical features related to fuel burn-up, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reflections on regulatory oversight of nuclear power plants

    A regulatory body acts as a representative for society to ensure that the operation of nuclear facilities do not introduce any undue threats. Typical regulatory tasks include the definition of safety requirements, the inspections needed to ensure that they are adhered to and the imposing of sanctions if violations are detected. Regulatory oversight is anchored in national legislation, which is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergency zoning around nuclear power plants in Slovakia

    This paper presents summary information on emergency preparedness and planning in Slovakia. Safety policy, current and possible future requirements to the emergency on-site plans, off-site plans and emergency transport orders, as well as to the documentation, their regular updating and review are summarised. National emergency preparedness organisation, zones used, and special and technical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan

    The subject matter of this paper discusses the new decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan, including the system for the disposal of demolition waste and the decommissioning cost allowance system. The Nuclear Regulations Law, established in 1957, ordering that decommissioning be carried out, it was naturally impossible to set proper safety regulations. While the present safety ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Education for the nuclear power industry: Swedish perspective

    In the Swedish nuclear power industry staff, very few newly employed have a deep education in reactor technology. To remedy this, a joint education company, Nuclear Training and Safety Center (KSU), has been formed. To ensure that nuclear competence will be available also in a long-term perspective, the Swedish nuclear power industry and the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) have formed a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prospects for nuclear power in the 21st century: a world tour

    Objectives and content of the journal special issue on 'Prospects for nuclear energy in the 21st century' are introduced. It is concluded that the main reasons for considering nuclear power in the national energy portfolios include hedging against supply security risks and high fossil energy prices in most countries, complemented by climate change mitigation in developed countries and by local ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced plants to meet rising expectations for nuclear power

    Nuclear power produces 15.2% of the world's electricity. Many countries are planning to either introduce nuclear energy or expand their nuclear generation capacity. Design organisations are incorporating both proven means and new approaches for reducing the capital costs of their advanced designs. In the near term, most new nuclear plants will be evolutionary design, often pursuing economies of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Completion of Belene Nuclear Power Plant: project perspectives

    The development of Belene NPP began with site selection in the 1970s, site characterisation in 1980–1981, and a decision to proceed in 1981. Construction was suspended for financial reasons in 1991. Now the state authorities have taken steps to continue the project. Despite the lengthy study period and the subsequent legislative changes, the evaluations indicate that Belene is a suitable NPP ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The development of KM portals for nuclear power plants

    This paper has been prepared with close collaboration between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s International Nuclear Information System (INIS) and Nuclear Knowledge Management Section and representatives of several Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) and other supporting organisations (IAEA, 2009). The practical experiences of different NPPs show that the development and existence of a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fukushima Meltdown Hastens Decline of Nuclear Power

    On May 5, 2012, Japan shut down its Tomari 3 nuclear reactor on the northern island of Hokkaido for inspection, marking the first time in over 40 years that the country had not a single nuclear power plant generating electricity. The March 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and subsequent Fukushima Daiichi nuclear meltdown shattered public confidence in atomic energy, thus far making it politically ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Regulatory guidance on safety reviews of nuclear power plants in Germany: a survey of accomplished and current PSA activities

    This paper describes the key points of the completed and ongoing regulatory activities in order to revise the existing guide on probabilistic safety analyses (PSA guide) and its corresponding technical documents, both as parts of sublegal regulations in Germany. The German PSA guide covers the fundamental requirements concerning the execution of PSAs in the frame of comprehensive safety reviews. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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