off-grid photovoltaic Articles

  • Photovoltaic Applications and Policy Initiatives

    Issue: The world photovoltaic (PV) market has grown significantly in recent years. Although this trend is expected to continue in the future, estimates cannot be given with any real certainty. Relevance: In this context the question that arises is the role that public and private funding plays in market development and how this funding should be used to ensure the best results. Although current ...


    By Atlantis Technologies LLC

  • Solar power generation by photovoltaic technology

    The various forms of solar energy, solar heat, solar photovoltaic, solar thermal electricity, and solar fuels offer a clean, climate-friendly, very abundant and in-exhaustive energy resource to mankind. Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaic (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP). The research has been under way since the ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • Photovoltaics: Basic Design Principles and Components

    If you are thinking of generating your own electricity, you should consider a photovoltaic (PV) system—a way to generate electricity by using energy from the sun. These systems have several advantages: they are cost-effective alternatives in areas where extending a utility power line is very expensive; they have no moving parts and require little maintenance; and they produce electricity ...

  • How do Photovoltaic Cells Actually Work?

    Solar power is an abundant renewable source that could be the solution to our future energy needs, but just how does a solar array produce the electricity that powers our lives? The short answer is that, through a solar panel, photons (light particles) are able to knock electrons off atoms and this causes a flow of electricity. The long ...


    By Institut für Solartechnik

  • Design of single–stage three–phase grid–connected photovoltaic system with MPPT and reactive power compensation control

    This paper proposes a single stage three–phase grid–connected photovoltaic (PV) system topology, it being simpler and more efficient. This includes the modelling of PV module and the power conditioning unit interfacing the PV to the utility grid with proper power flow control. The output of the PV panel is connected to the DC–side of the voltage source inverter for interfacing to the grid. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Building integration of 30 kWp photovoltaic system at University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania

    A Building Integrated Photovoltaic Power System of 30 kWp was recently installed at University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania. It is the first grid-connected and largest PV system of the country. With this opportunity, an innovative non-penetrating system that uses the modules and mounting hardware as ballast was designed and implemented. Personnel with no previous experience with the roof PV ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An efficient hybrid wave/photovoltaic scheme for energy supply in remote areas

    This paper presents the efficient utilisation of hybrid photovoltaic/wave energy system for desalination water pumping and supplying the local AC and DC loads. The novel hybrid system comprises eight key parts. The PV array and wave energy permanent magnet linear generator (PMLG) as energy sources, novel AC side modulated power filter compensator (MPFC), AC-DC converter, novel DC side green plug ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) Market Growth Research 2013-2019

    Building Integrated Solar photovoltaic (BIPV) systems utilize building integrated solar panels to generate electricity, by transforming solar radiations into electrical energy. The energy generated has wide applications in several sectors including residential, commercial and industrial sectors. The major advantage of the BIPV is decentralization from grid power. View Full ...


  • Integration of solar photovoltaic (PV) to LV distribution network: a case study

    The development of renewable energy sources will increase the amount of generation connected to distribution networks. The main advantages are that optimally located distributed generation resources can reduce or postpone the need for investment in the transmission and distribution infrastructure; transmission and distribution losses are reduced as well as improvement in power quality and system ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fate and transport evaluation of potential leaching risks from cadmium telluride photovoltaics

    Fate and transport analysis has been performed to evaluate potential exposures to cadmium (Cd) from cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaics (PV) for rainwater leaching from broken modules in a commercial building scenario. Leaching from broken modules is modeled using the worst‐case scenario of total release of Cd, and residential screening levels are used to evaluate potential health impacts to ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Smart grid: How big is big?

    A Cisco executive attracted some eye rolling after commenting that smart grid could be “even bigger than the Internet.” But the statement isn’t farfetched when you think about what smart grid encompasses: a convergence of three industry giants: information technology, telecommunications and the electric grid, the world’s biggest machine. A report this week by Greentech Media made clear just how ...

  • Decentralised operation of residential energy resources in the smart grid

    In the future smart grid, improvement of power system economic cost effectiveness by suitable integration of distributed energy resources (DERs) is a critical challenge. An agent–based framework is proposed in this paper for developing suitable control strategies for operations of four different types of residential–level DERs, which are storage devices, photo voltaic systems, and two ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Performance comparisons of grid connected SPV system with different MPPT algorithms

    This paper presents a performance analysis of grid connected SPV system for different maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithms. The detailed mathematical model of grid connected three–phase solar photovoltaic (SPV) system with parametric model of SPV cell, thermal modelling and switching loss calculation of switching devices are discussed. The performance evaluation has been carried out for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A sociotechnical systems model for smart-grid adoption in mid-sized urban environments

    In this paper, we present a quantified system dynamics model simulating the adoption of smart grid technologies such as electric vehicles, PV systems and smart meters in a mid-sized urban system and the resulting impact on the CO 2 emissions. We also analyse the impact of different subsidies on the adoption and calculate the effectiveness regarding public and private spending on these ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CSP Thermal Energy Storage vital for utilities and grid operators

    The modern age of CSP can arguably be traced back to the 354MW Solar Energy Generating Systems (SEGS) in the Mojave desert, which now make up the oldest operating plant in the world, as well as one of the largest. However, recent developments in the industry will see SEGS eclipsed by 5 projects that are scheduled to come online in 2013-14, with a combined total of 1312MW. The five plants in ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Artificial neural network based models for forecasting electricity generation of grid connected solar PV power plant

    This paper presents an artificial neural network (ANN) approach for forecasting the performance of electric energy generated output from a working 25-kWp grid connected solar PV system and a 100-kWp grid connected PV system installed at Minicoy Island of Union Territory of Lakshadweep Islands. The ANN interpolates among the solar PV generation output and relevant parameters such as solar ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How to maintain a solar system

    How to maintain a solar system How many years an off-grid system can live?As the solar power system is composed of many different components, and life of each component is not the same, so this problem should be separated, the solar panels have a long life, can reach 20--25 years, the controller and ...


    By Inverter Go

  • Solar`s Time to Rise and Shine.

    Photovoltaic efficiency records are being shattered, thanks to recent advances in materials science. Last month, a researcher at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., loaded a postage stamp–sized solar cell onto a tray and placed it under a high-intensity pulse solar simulator. The simulator flashed a 2.5 millisecond pulse of light, and 19 mirrors reflected the ...


    By Ensia

  • Solar Glossary of Terms

    If you are new to the solar world, there are a few phrases you need to master in order to expertly navigate your way to the best solar installation for home. Here is a brief explanation of all the terms you may encounter during your solar journey. Energy Audit This is an audit conducted by a professional that measures electricity usage in the home. The results ...


    By NRG Solar LLC

  • Micropower system modeling with Homer

    The HOMER Micropower Optimization Model is a computer model developed by the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assist in the design of micropower systems and to facilitate the comparison of power generation technologies across a wide range of applications. HOMER models a power system's physical behavior and its life-cycle cost, which is the total cost of installing and operating ...


    By HOMER Energy LLC

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