pyrolysis Articles

  • Studies on behaviour of a DI diesel engine fuelled with bio oil biodiesel emulsions

    This paper discusses the results on the use of Jatropha methyl ester (JME) - Wood pyrolysis oil (WPO) emulsion as an alternative fuel in a compression ignition (CI) engine. Three different emulsions were prepared by adding WPO in 5%, 10% and 15% by volume with JME 95%, 90% and 85% by volume respectively using a surfactant Span 20 at 4% on volume basis. The engine behaviour in terms of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • DOE provides more renewables funding

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced on September 16 that it will provide nearly $100 million for renewable energy research, including $16.5 million for biomass energy, $30 million for state energy efficiency projects, and $9.6 million for “transformational” energy research, such as airborne wind turbines and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems with non-mechanical ...

  • Thermochemical reactor design and thermal breakdown in middle-rank coals

    Experiments conducted at bench scale can throw new light on the operation of pilot and plant scale processes. In the coal gasification/combustion area, such experiments have ranged from determinations of coal reactivities for novel entrained-flow gasifiers, to investigating the fate of injectant coal during blast furnace operation. Meanwhile, the accurate mimicking of conditions within pilot and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biochar application to soils - a critical scientific review of effects on soil properties, processes and functions

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARYBiochar application to soils is being considered as a means to sequester carbon (C) while concurrently improving soil functions. The main focus of this report is providing a critical scientific review of the current state of knowledge regarding the effects of biochar application to soils on soil properties, processes and functions. Wider issues, including atmospheric emissions ...

  • Staged Thermal Treatment Combined With Pyrometallurgical Smelting Producing Energy and Products From Waste

    Incineration of waste is considered as a state-of-the-art technology. However staged gasification in combination with pyrometallurgical smelting is ready for market introduction and offers principal advantages. These are higher efficiency (up to 35% electricity), efficient and cheaper fuel gas cleaning (less emissions), high quality secondary products (synthetic basalt), high input flexibility, ...


  • Adsorption of Zn2+ and Ni2+ in a binary aqueous solution by biosorbents derived from sawdust and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    The Zn2+ and Ni2+ adsorption capacities of six biosorbents derived from water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) (WH) and sawdust (SD) were investigated, with activated carbon as the control. The biosorbents were raw biomass (WH, SD), charred WH (BWH) and SD and sulphonated bio-chars of WH and SD. The effect of the initial solution pH and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable Biorefineries: An Important Research Topic

    In recent years, substantial steps into the transition towards a biobased economy have been taken in order to reduce the reliance on imported oil and the emission of greenhouse gases.  As far as Europe is concerned, Sweden, home to theEUBCE 2017 in Stockholm, has been very successful in decoupling GHG emissions from economic growth: from 2000 to 2012, ...

  • Biomass and Integration in Future Energy Systems and the Bioeconomy

    Biomass was the primary source of materials and energy until the industrial revolution set off a series of major changes around two hundred years ago. In the industrialized world fossil fuels became the primary source for energy in the forms of electricity and heat and provided almost all fuels for transport. However, biomass continued to maintain an important role in the economies in both ...

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