renewable energy eu protocol Articles

  • Europe`s onshore and offshore wind energy potential

    The exploitation of renewable energy sources can help the European Union meet many of its environmental and energy policy goals, including its obligation to reduce greenhouse gases under the Kyoto Protocol (EC, 2002a) and the aim of securing its energy supply (EC, 2002b; EC, 2005). As early as 1997, the European Union set an ambitious 2010 indicative target of 12 % for the contribution of ...

  • Wind energy in Italy: regulatory and technical aspects

    Italy has carried out the deregulation of the electricity sector. The EU 'Renewable Directive' gave Italy a very ambitious burden sharing: by 2010, 25% of the demand will be faced by renewable energy against a 1997 baseline of 16%. To sustain such development, the producers/importers have a yearly obligation to inject into the system 'green production': in 2002 by 2% increasing to 3.05% by 2006 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Trends and projections in Europe 2013 – Tracking progress towards Europe`s climate and energy targets until 2020

    This 2013 edition of the annual EEA 'Trends and projections' report aims to provide an assessment of the progress of the European Union (EU) and European countries towards achieving their climate mitigation and energy policy objectives. These targets include international commitments under the Kyoto Protocol (KP) and the EU's own commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20 % ...

  • Trends and projections in Europe 2014

    Reporting the latest progress towards climate and energy targets in Europe This 2014 edition of the annual European Environment Agency (EEA) 'Trends and projections' report provides an updated assessment of the progress of the European Union (EU) and European countries towards achieving their climate mitigation and energy targets. The report also supports and complements the ...

  • Six drivers for the development of Green IT

    What are the forces pushing companies to green IT? Andie Stephens, Senior Consultant, Business Advice looks at six drivers for greener computing Dirty Data Earlier this year Greenpeace released a report titled "How Dirty is Your Data?" which ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Biofuels - case study

    As part of the Kyoto Protocol, the United Nations has called for the introduction of fuels obtained from biomass in order to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The increasing scarcity of worldwide oil reserves associated with the increase in crude oil prices has created the necessity for an increased utilisation of alternative fuel sources. These biofuels will become a fundamental component ...


    By AVA GmbH u. Co. KG

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