solar photovoltaic module Articles

  • Design, development and simulation of PC-based scheme for characterisation of solar photovoltaic modules

    This paper presents design, simulation and experimental set up for characterisation of PV cells/modules in the laboratory. A PC-based data acquisition system and associated interface circuit is developed, simulated and used for loading PV module in the laboratory to completely scan its I-V characteristics under varying environmental conditions of solar insolation and temperature. The scheme makes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Photovoltaics Energy Technologies

    Technology Overview    Photovoltaic (or PV) cells are devices that use semiconductor materials—similar to those used in computer chips—to convert sunlight directly into electricity. The electric current can either be used immediately, or it may be stored, as in a battery, for later use. A typical PV or solar cell might be a square that measures about 4 ...

  • Photovoltaic string disconnect switches

    PV system arrays generate DC current. The solar modules are wired in series, and the system voltage is the sum of the maximum output voltage of all of the modules in a string. 600 Vdc maximum was chosen as an optimal system voltage to reduce installation costs by reducing conductor size and to stay below the 600V threshold in NEC Article 490. Prior to the growth in the number of installed PV ...


    By Eaton Corporation

  • Photovoltaic Applications and Policy Initiatives

    Issue: The world photovoltaic (PV) market has grown significantly in recent years. Although this trend is expected to continue in the future, estimates cannot be given with any real certainty. Relevance: In this context the question that arises is the role that public and private funding plays in market development and how this funding should be used to ensure the best results. Although current ...


    By Atlantis Technologies LLC

  • NREL Report Shows U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Costs Continuing to Fall in 2016

    NREL U.S. PV system cost benchmarks, from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first quarter of 2016 The modeled costs to install solar photovoltaic (PV) systems continued to decline in the first quarter of 2016 in the U.S. residential, commercial, and utility-scale sectors, according to updated benchmarks from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Driving the cost ...

  • Outlook promising for photovoltaic manufacturing in India

    SCHOTT Solar and Panchabuta debated the progress and potential of the photovoltaic supply chain in India during a recent PV Insider webinar. On February 28th PV Insider hosted a webinar entitled ‘Spotlight on Indian PV’, in which three experts provided analysis on the current and future status of the photovoltaic market in India.  The webinar attracted over one thousand ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Photovoltaic Generator Market in India 2014

    This latest market research report titled Photovoltaic Generator Market in India 2014 states that the renewable energy sector is gaining prominence in India. With the country facing a continuous shortfall in the supply of conventional sources required to meet the increasing demand for energy in recent years, the focus is gradually shifting from conventional to renewable sources of energy. In ...


  • Photovoltaics: Basic Design Principles and Components

    If you are thinking of generating your own electricity, you should consider a photovoltaic (PV) system—a way to generate electricity by using energy from the sun. These systems have several advantages: they are cost-effective alternatives in areas where extending a utility power line is very expensive; they have no moving parts and require little maintenance; and they produce electricity ...

  • How do Photovoltaic Cells Actually Work?

    Solar power is an abundant renewable source that could be the solution to our future energy needs, but just how does a solar array produce the electricity that powers our lives? The short answer is that, through a solar panel, photons (light particles) are able to knock electrons off atoms and this causes a flow of electricity. The long ...


    By Institut für Solartechnik

  • Efficiency improvement of a photovoltaic system by acting on the characteristics of MPPT control

    A 360 W photovoltaic (PV) module power with a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm is analysed and presented. In this study, the control algorithm is improved and then applied to the PV system. The results obtained show the ability of this algorithm to control high powers when weather conditions are changing. Under the same conditions, this improved technique offers, in steady state ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar PV Testing

    Introduction The time is now for clean, renewable energy technologies. Favorable government tax credits, a decreased dependency upon oil, and the need to stimulate the economy are just three of the planets that have aligned, favoring the expansion of technologies that harness the sun’s energy. Manufacturers of Solar Photovoltaic (PV) modules and panels strive to improve product effi ...


    By Thermotron Industries

  • Test Sites And Testing of 3-Sun Mirror Modules

    ABSTRACT The demand for solar photovoltaic cells and modules has far outstripped PV cell supply and module prices are rising. To solve this problem. JX Crystals is developing a 3-sun mirror module that uses 1/3 the cell area to triple module production at a lower cost. Our concentrator module design uses existing planar cells. We simply cut standard SunPower A300 cells into thirds. In ...


    By JX Crystals

  • The entropy matrix generated exergy model for a Photovoltaic heat exchanger under critical operating conditions

    The maximum entropy generation approach is adopted to develop the exergy model for a Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger with vertical heat exchange sections under critical operation of buoyancy-induced hybrid airflow. The Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger was constructed with two adjacent Photovoltaic (PV) modules with double-glass faces and back panel and assembled on a wooden duct and framing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Full factory automation

    Spire Corporation is a global solar company and the leading supplier of turnkey solar factories and equipment to manufacture photovoltaic modules worldwide. With over 40 years and $100 million in R+D and PV, Spire’s unique experience and technical depth puts Spire in a unique position to ensure the success of our customers. Applying expertise in materials technologies across all product ...


    By Spire Solar

  • Spi-Sun simulator sets the standard

    Solar Simulators are critical to the industry testing photovoltaic modules featuring light sources that closely match the solar spectrum. Spire’s simulators can test the full range of solar modules – including crystalline or thin film. The importance of solar simulation is clear – solar modules must be tested under a standard set of conditions to assure consistency of results. ...


    By Spire Solar

  • Rapid certification

    Spire Corporation is a leading global solar company providing turnkey solar factories and equipment to manufacture photovoltaic modules and cells. With over 40 years and $100 million in R+D and PV, our years of experience and technical depth put us in a unique position to ensure the success of our customers. Applying this expertise across all product lines, Spire has a rich heritage of utilizing ...


    By Spire Solar

  • Children’s Museum San Diego San Diego, California

    “Kyocera’s photovoltaic system is one of the cornerstones of our environmentally sustainable facility, allowing The New Children’s Museum to live up to its promise as a green Museum for children and families.” Rachel Teagle, Executive Director of Children’s Museum San Diego Unique Feature: In addition to solar, other sustainable design elements include ...


    By Kyocera Solar, Inc.

  • What’s geothermal again?

    Some green energy sources seem to have charisma; others struggle for public attention with little success. Solar energy is an “it” technology, as evidenced once again by the tremendous participation in the annual Solar Power International conference in Anaheim, California this week (Oct. 27-29). Twice as many companies (945) are displaying their wares in the Expo Hall this year, despite the still ...

  • Take advantage of the US market

    The United States is the next high growth PV market. Coming to America’ with Spire Corporation allows a company to take advantage of Federal and State stimulus money available through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). Spire Corporation is well- positioned in the U.S., well-prepared and ready to help you site, set up, and run your factory or expand by accessing ...


    By Spire Solar

  • South African PV market in position to promote local manufacturing growth

    PV Insider examines the potential of South Africa’s PV market to drive local industry development and job creation in future rounds of the IRP Solar photovoltaic technology has emerged as the big winner in Phase I and II of South Africa's 20 year Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) for renewables. The announcement on the 21st May confirmed that a further 9 PV projects were awarded in window II ...


    By FCBI Energy

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