solar photovoltaic power Articles

  • Solar exergy maps for photovoltaic/thermal systems

    In this paper, the thermal and electrical exergies and the exergy destructions are calculated for a photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) system based on solar exergy rates for some Indian climates namely Bangalore, Jodhpur, Mumbai, New Delhi and Srinagar for a year and for different US climates namely Chicago, Las Vegas, Miami, New York, Portland, San Antonio, San Francisco, Tucson and Tulsa for January, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar Photovoltaic System in Kaimakli case study

    Location: Kaimakli, Nicosia Size: 2.97 kWp Annual generation: 5062 kWh CO2 savings per year : 4.5 tonnes The Problem Mr Michael wanted urgently to cut his high annual electricity costs for his 4-family house in Nicosia. Taking advantage of the area’s high sunshine hours and the government’s Net metering scheme for solar photovoltaic system installations ...


    By C.A.S. Energy Ltd

  • Solar Photovoltaic System in Lakatameia case study

    Location: Lakatameia, Nicosia Size: 3.00 kWp Annual generation: 5124 kWh CO2 savings per year : 4.6 tonnes The Problem Mrs Charalambous is a hardworking woman wanted to reduce her annual electricity costs for her 4-family house in Nicosia. Since Mrs Charalambous was eligible for a government grant of 2,700€ for a  3kWp Photovoltaic Installation, she ...


    By C.A.S. Energy Ltd

  • Photovoltaics Energy Technologies

    Technology Overview    Photovoltaic (or PV) cells are devices that use semiconductor materials—similar to those used in computer chips—to convert sunlight directly into electricity. The electric current can either be used immediately, or it may be stored, as in a battery, for later use. A typical PV or solar cell might be a square that measures about 4 ...

  • Photovoltaic Applications and Policy Initiatives

    Issue: The world photovoltaic (PV) market has grown significantly in recent years. Although this trend is expected to continue in the future, estimates cannot be given with any real certainty. Relevance: In this context the question that arises is the role that public and private funding plays in market development and how this funding should be used to ensure the best results. Although current ...


    By Atlantis Technologies LLC

  • Solar photovoltaics: oligopsony, non-market decision-making and the paradoxical persistence of unprofitability

    Record volumes of solar PV power plant installations have been achieved on the back of feed-in-tariffs and fiscal incentives. On the supply side, however, equipment manufacturers have been filing for bankruptcy protection in quick succession. This paper is an attempt to unravel the mystery underlying this inequilibrium, and to suggest a way forward for the solar PV sector to thrive. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integration of solar photovoltaic (PV) to LV distribution network: a case study

    The development of renewable energy sources will increase the amount of generation connected to distribution networks. The main advantages are that optimally located distributed generation resources can reduce or postpone the need for investment in the transmission and distribution infrastructure; transmission and distribution losses are reduced as well as improvement in power quality and system ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Photovoltaics: Basic Design Principles and Components

    If you are thinking of generating your own electricity, you should consider a photovoltaic (PV) system—a way to generate electricity by using energy from the sun. These systems have several advantages: they are cost-effective alternatives in areas where extending a utility power line is very expensive; they have no moving parts and require little maintenance; and they produce electricity ...

  • Application of genetic algorithm and neural network for sizing of hybrid photovoltaic wind power generation (HPVWPG) systems

    In this paper, a methodology for sizing of hybrid photovoltaic-wind power generation (HPVWPG) system is described. The purpose of this methodology is to predict the PV-generator area, the capacity of the battery and the capacity of the wind generator in isolated (remote) areas, where the meteorological data (solar irradiation, air temperature, wind speed, etc) are not always available. For this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Photovoltaic technology of electricity generation for desert camping

    This paper presents a case study on the utilisation of global solar radiation data on horizontal surface to perform an economic feasibility study of using Photovoltaic (PV) panels with battery backup to meet a small load for a camping site in Saudi Arabia. The analysis considers three scenarios with daily average energy demands: (a) full load, (b) 75% load, and (c) half load, with annual peak ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The photovoltaic boat for eco-tourism development in Koh Rattanakosin

    Every year more than ten million foreign tourists visited Bangkok, Thailand and most of them visited the main historical attraction; Koh Rattanakosin. This research aimed to build a prototype of photovoltaic boat to serve tourists at Koh Rattanakosin, make low noise (70 dBA) and to support the eco-tourism policy. Four hundred twenty persons were surveyed using a questionnaire. Analysis indicated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Policy oriented review for photovoltaics introduction in the EU

    In order to continuously monitor its targets towards a 'green Europe', the European Commission has set up a project to enhance the availability, completeness and quality of data regarding new energy technologies (NET), energy end-use efficiency (EEE) and energy research and technology development (RTD). The scientific reference system (SRS) established in the framework of this project was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Saudi Arabia examines photovoltaic and oil integration models

    With a huge opportunity now open for PV in Saudi Arabia, efforts are underway to analyse the potential for integration between the technology and oil. It was noted in PV Insider’s recent PV Guide to the MENA Region that the Government of Saudi Arabia has set an ambitious target of 41GW (16GW of which allocated to PV) by 2032.  This translates to 10% of domestic use ...

  • How do Photovoltaic Cells Actually Work?

    Solar power is an abundant renewable source that could be the solution to our future energy needs, but just how does a solar array produce the electricity that powers our lives? The short answer is that, through a solar panel, photons (light particles) are able to knock electrons off atoms and this causes a flow of electricity. The long ...


    By Institut für Solartechnik

  • Improvement of perturb and observe MPPT method for photovoltaic systems: case of study

    Maximum power point tracking system is widely used to maximise output power of photovoltaic array. A crucial issue of this system is an algorithm of maximum power point seeking. Well–known perturb and observe technique is optimal solution in terms of the ratio of cost and efficiency. However, this algorithm has some disadvantages such as oscillation around a maximum power point and decrease in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Efficiency improvement of a photovoltaic system by acting on the characteristics of MPPT control

    A 360 W photovoltaic (PV) module power with a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm is analysed and presented. In this study, the control algorithm is improved and then applied to the PV system. The results obtained show the ability of this algorithm to control high powers when weather conditions are changing. Under the same conditions, this improved technique offers, in steady state ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Combined photovoltaic and energy storage systems: an integrated electrification solution for small islands

    The numerous small Aegean Sea islands present serious problems related to insufficient infrastructure, low quality of electricity available at very high production cost, as well as problematic connection with the mainland. On the other hand, the high solar potential of the area may encourage photovoltaic-based applications characterised by rather low maintenance support demands. In this context, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) Market Growth Research 2013-2019

    Building Integrated Solar photovoltaic (BIPV) systems utilize building integrated solar panels to generate electricity, by transforming solar radiations into electrical energy. The energy generated has wide applications in several sectors including residential, commercial and industrial sectors. The major advantage of the BIPV is decentralization from grid power. View Full ...


  • Wind power growth in the US

    Last year was a banner year for renewable energy in the United States, especially for the wind industry. As the recent REN21 Renewables 2007 Global Status Report highlights, the industry broke all past global records, installing 5,244 megawatts (MW) of new wind energy capacity in 2007, or 30 percent of all new U.S. capacity added. This brings the cumulative national total close to 17,000 ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • The entropy matrix generated exergy model for a Photovoltaic heat exchanger under critical operating conditions

    The maximum entropy generation approach is adopted to develop the exergy model for a Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger with vertical heat exchange sections under critical operation of buoyancy-induced hybrid airflow. The Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger was constructed with two adjacent Photovoltaic (PV) modules with double-glass faces and back panel and assembled on a wooden duct and framing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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