wind energy directive Articles

  • Wind energy in Italy: regulatory and technical aspects

    Italy has carried out the deregulation of the electricity sector. The EU 'Renewable Directive' gave Italy a very ambitious burden sharing: by 2010, 25% of the demand will be faced by renewable energy against a 1997 baseline of 16%. To sustain such development, the producers/importers have a yearly obligation to inject into the system 'green production': in 2002 by 2% increasing to 3.05% by 2006 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reasons Available To Use Wind To Cater Energy Requirements

    Excessive heating of the planet due to fossil fuel burning has forced people to look for green energy sources. That can be considered as the main reason why many people think of using wind power to cater their energy requirements. They are being used in large scale in areas such as Australia, USA, Spain, Denmark, India and Germany. Wind energy has its own advantages as well as disadvantages like ...


    By Stanford Magnets

  • Europe`s onshore and offshore wind energy potential

    The exploitation of renewable energy sources can help the European Union meet many of its environmental and energy policy goals, including its obligation to reduce greenhouse gases under the Kyoto Protocol (EC, 2002a) and the aim of securing its energy supply (EC, 2002b; EC, 2005). As early as 1997, the European Union set an ambitious 2010 indicative target of 12 % for the contribution of ...

  • Aiming High Rewarding Ambition in Wind Energy - Report

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY With 392 GW installed, wind energy can be the single largest source of power generation in the EU by 2030 ahead of coal and gas. Wind energy already plays a significant role in the European power sector. In 2014, the wind industry installed 11,791 MW in the EU - more than gas and coal combined. Today wind energy can meet 10.2% of Europe’s electricity demand ...


    By WindEurope

  • Numerical methods for investigation of destructive wind energy dissipation by bridges

    Many bridges are located at especially unfavourable places considering the local wind power and turbulence. Therefore it turns out that finding an optimal balance between structural safety and erection costs depends strongly on a proper wind modelling and investigation. Several aspects must be taken into account for the wind design. The effect of wind gusts and randomly distributed wind velocity ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Corporate GPM Guide 9: Diversifying corporate energy purchasing with wind power

    Wind power is the fastest-growing form of renewable electricity and constitutes a substantial portion of green power products in the United States. Corporate energy buyers can incorporate wind into energy portfolios in a variety of ways: through utility-offered green pricing programs, renewable energy certifi cates (RECs), long-term power contracts, or on-site generation. In addition, corporate ...

  • Measuring Offshore Wind Resources

    To select the right offshore wind site, estimate the future energy output of a wind farm, and determine the best layout for the turbines, project developers must conduct wind resource assessment (WRA) campaigns on site. This is a critical phase of the successful development of wind farms. WRA campaigns on terrestrial sites have traditionally been performed using meteorological towers equipped ...


    By NRG Systems

  • Wind turbine controlling of the future

    Higher, more robust, more reliable: Parallel to the growing requirements for wind turbines, the requirements for monitoring sensors grow as well. But how can wind sensor manufacturers fulfil these wishes? And how should a future wind sensors look like? After analysing the current conditions and trends on the wind energy market, our CEO Klaus Hirzel compiled a wish list for future wind sensors. ...

  • Wind power status, barriers, and opportunities

    In the wake of the oil crisis in the early 1970s, governments around the world were anxious to diversify energy supply away from fossil sources, and so harnessing the wind was seen as an important component of this policy initiative. A decade of research saw a Danish designemerge as the industry standard: the three-bladed, horizontal axis, upwind machine. A modern wind turbine comprises a tubular ...

  • Community Wind Power for Renewable Income

    CONSIDERING its incredible history and environmental benefits, wind power is one of the most underutilized sources of renewable energy. Stretching back as early as 200 BC, communities have been harvesting the wind for power. However, the scale and popularity of wind power is only now starting to reach critical mass as concerns of climate change rise and energy usage continues to soar. While ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Reducing avian collisions with wind turbines

    Wind is an important renewable energy source for Europe. The wind power capacity installed in 2014 could produce enough electricity to meet over 10% of the EU’s electricity consumption. However, wind power structures can also be harmful to birds, which can collide with turbines. This study assessed methods of reducing avian collisions with wind turbines and makes several practical ...

  • Animation: How Wind Turbines Work

    The windmill, which converts wind into rotational energy to mill grain or pump water, has been around since antiquity. It’s even been claimed that Ancient Babylonians planned to harness wind as early as almost 4,000 years ago, as part of a scheme for one of Hammurabi’s ambitious irrigation projects. By the end of the 19th century, wind energy took on a whole new meaning as engineers ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Planning of the grid integration of wind energy in Germany onshore and offshore up to the year 2020

    The ongoing penetration of large amounts of wind power capacities in Germany has strong impacts on the necessary promotion volumes (direct costs of Renewable Energy Source (RES) promotion) but also on necessary grid extensions, the future need for regulating and reserve power capacities, the thermal power plant system and the electricity price for end-consumers (indirect effects). On behalf of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison of employment potential of the coal and wind power industries

    Australia, one of the world's largest producers of coal, is used as a case study to compare the employment potential in the coal and wind power electricity generation industries. It is revealed that, as a result of automation, employment in the coal mining industry fell by 45% between 1987 and 2002. Moreover, as a result of the restructuring of the electricity industry as a whole, employment in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The effect of ocean waves on offshore wind turbines

    The Ocean has a varying surface roughness where the roughness length is determined by the characteristics of the waves. In this paper, a method is established where the roughness length of the ocean is calculated from the wind speed and the fetch length. The fetch length depends on the wind direction and a case study is performed for a wind turbine exposed to wind blowing in two opposite ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Adoption hurdles and challenges with small wind turbines

    Adoption Hurdles and Challenges with Small Wind Turbines Wind energy is very promising. It can be harvested without any costs, and like solar panels, wind turbines are environmentally-friendly. However, such machines are not living up to their potential. Some users have reported low efficiency rates, unpredictable performance and costly adoption barriers. ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • Trading wind in a hydro-dominated power pool system

    In 1996, the Danish government launched an ambitious energy plan, Energy 21, describing a way to develop the energy sector in a more sustainable direction. Wind power plays an important role in the plan, and as a consequence there will be a very high penetration of wind energy in the electricity sector. This will put in focus issues of fitting a variable energy source into a stable supply system. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Finite element structural study of the VGOT wind turbine

    We analyse the implementation of the finite element method to simulate the structural behaviour of the blade-wagons of variable-geometry oval-trajectory (VGOT) Darrieus wind turbines. The key feature of a VGOT machine is that each blade, instead of rotating around a central vertical axis, slides over rails mounted on a wagon formed by a tubular reticulated structure supported by standard train ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CU-Boulder leading study of wind turbine wakes

    While wind turbines primarily are a source of renewable energy, they also produce wakes of invisible ripples that can affect the atmosphere and influence wind turbines downstream -- an issue being researched in a newly launched study led by the University of Colorado Boulder's Julie Lundquist, assistant professor in the atmospheric and oceanic sciences department. The study, called the Turbine ...


  • Offshore Wind Development Picking Up Pace

    Wind power is the world’s leading source of renewable electricity, excluding hydropower, with 238,000 megawatts of capacity installed at the start of 2012. Thus far, almost all of this wind power has been tapped on land; worldwide just 4,600 megawatts of offshore wind farms were operating as of mid-2012. Offshore wind capacity is growing quickly, however, expanding nearly six-fold ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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