Ocean Energy Europe
Ocean Energy Europe is the largest network of ocean energy professionals in the world. 105 organisations, including Europe’s leading utilities, industrialists and research institutes, trust Ocean Energy Europe to represent the interests of Europe`s ocean energy sector, acting as the main link between Europe`s ocean energy industry and the EU institutions (European Commission, European Parliament, EIB etc) and EU Member States.
Ocean Energy Europe’s objective is to create a strong environment for the development of ocean energy, improve access to funding and enhance business opportunities for its members. To achieve this, we engage with the European Commission, Council, Parliament, European Investment Bank, and national ministries on all dossiers affecting the sector, such energy, climate, finance, grid and consenting.
The results are undeniable: in past two years the sector’s profile has increased significantly, and EU support accordingly. For example, Horizon 2020 allocated €62M to the sector in 2014-2015 only, more than in the entire 7 years before.
Ocean Energy Europe also organises the annual Ocean Energy Europe Conference & Exhibition. This event has quickly emerged as the industry’s leading annual event and gathers industry CEOs and senior staff, as well as European ministers every year. With previous events taking place in Edinburgh (2013), Paris (2014) and Dublin (2015), the Ocean Energy Europe 2016 Conference & Exhibition will take place in Brussels on 8-9 November.
In 2013 we founded TP Ocean – the Technology & Innovation Platform for Ocean Energy – and have been running it since. TP Ocean is officially recognised as advisory body to the European Commission and defines technology priorities to be funded by research programmes such as Horizon 2020. Ocean Energy Europe builds and takes part in project consortia, such as SI Ocean or Marinet.
With tidal energy, large bodies of water such as oceans and seas are acted upon by the gravitational forces of the sun and moon, which in combination with the rotation of the earth on its axis, cause movements of the oceans and seas, known as tides. The motion of the moon and sun relative to the earth causes a periodic variation in the forces that generate the tides. Vertical movement (range) can be seen in the difference in water level at high and low tide, and horizontal motion of water is known as a tidal current...
Wave energy forms as kinetic energy from the wind is transmitted to the upper surface of the ocean. The height and period of resulting waves will vary depending on the energy flux between the wind and the ocean surface. Much work has been carried out in the field of research and development of technology capable of harnessing energy from the waves. At present there is limited design consensus surrounding the design of wave energy technology, and there are several areas in which a wave energy converter can be placed in order to harness the energy most efficiently.
At the mouth of rivers where fresh water mixes with salt water, energy associated with the salinity gradient can be harnessed using pressure-retarded reverse osmosis process and associated conversion technologies. Another system is based on using freshwater upwelling through a turbine immersed in seawater, and one involving electrochemical reactions is also in development.
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) can provide base-load power. Devices exploit the temperature difference between deep cold ocean water and warm tropical surface waters. OTEC plants pump large quantities of deep cold seawater and surface seawater to run a power cycle and produce electricity. OTEC power plants are either onshore or offshore...
Tidal range captures the potential energy created by the difference in sea level (or head) between high and low tides.
Tidal range technology uses the same principles as conventional hydropower and requires a natural or a man-made structure (e.g. a dam or barrier) to impound a large body of water.