Springer

258 Books found

Springer Books

  • Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies

    Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies

    The NATO ARW Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies: Environmental Protection and Pollution Reductions, was held in Kiev, May 2006. The workshop was Co-Directed by Profs. N. Syred and A.Khalatov, winners of the NATO Scientific Prize 2002, and was organizaed by the Institute of Thermophysics (Ukraine) and Cardiff University, UK. The primary Workshop objectives were to assess the existing knowledge on advanced combustion and aerothermal ...

  • Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies

    Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies

    The NATO ARW Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies: Environmental Protection and Pollution Reductions, was held in Kiev, May 2006. The workshop was Co-Directed by Profs. N. Syred and A.Khalatov, winners of the NATO Scientific Prize 2002, and was organizaed by the Institute of Thermophysics (Ukraine) and Cardiff University, UK. The primary Workshop objectives were to assess the existing knowledge on advanced combustion and aerothermal ...

  • Agent-Based Models of Energy Investment Decisions

    Agent-Based Models of Energy Investment Decisions

    As societies face the challenge of securing an efficient and environmentally sound energy supply, researchers have strived to determine the future development of energy consumption, infrastructure and technology endowment.This book proposes a new agent-based approach to studying the development of urban energy systems. Decisions of private and commercial investors and operators are modeled using a bounded rational decision model which are parame

  • An Energy Analysis of Household Consumption

    An Energy Analysis of Household Consumption

    The book takes a socio-economic approach to analyzing the energy system and energy consumption in India from a household perspective. In doing so, it views households as the ultimate end-consumers and estimates and analyzes the direct and indirect energy requirements of household consumption, both at an aggregate national level as well as for individuals or groups of households. In addition, the work incorporates two crucial aspects often ...

  • Applied Mathematics for Restructured Electric Power Systems

    Applied Mathematics for Restructured Electric Power Systems

    Applied Mathematics for Restructured Electric Power Systems: Optimization, Control, and Computational Intelligence consists of chapters based on work presented at a National Science Foundation workshop organized in November 2003. The theme of the workshop was the use of applied mathematics to solve challenging power system problems. The areas included control, optimization, and computational intelligence. In addition to the introductory chapter, ...

  • Biodiesel

    Biodiesel

    Environmental and political concerns are generating a growing interest in alternative engine fuels such as biodiesel. Biodiesel is a renewable energy source produced from natural oils and fats, which can be used as a substitute for petroleum diesel without the need for diesel engine modification. In addition to being biodegradable and non-toxic, biodiesel is also essentially free of sulfur and aromatics, producing lower exhaust emissions than ...

  • Biofuels

    Biofuels

    With the dwindling supplies of fossil fuels and growing concerns regarding climate changes due to green house gasses from these fuels, public opinion has swung dramatically towards favoring the development of renewable energy sources. In Biofuels: Methods and Protocols, career-long experts explore a full range of methods for bioenergy covering important topics such as biomass production and delivery to the biorefinery, detailed biochemical ...

  • Biofuels

    Biofuels

    Biofuel is a renewable energy source produced from natural (biobased) materials, which can be used as a substitute for petroleum fuels. The benefits of biofuels over traditional fuels include greater energy security, reduced environmental impact, foreign exchange savings, and socioeconomic issues related to the rural sector. Furthermore, biofuel technology is relevant to both developing and industrialized countries. For these reasons, the share ...

  • Biofuels

    Biofuels

    J.M. Otero, G. Panagiotou, L. Olsson: Fueling Industrial Biotechnology Growth with Bioethanol.- M. Galbe, G. Zacchi: Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Materials for Efficient Bioethanol Production.- R.P. Chandra, R. Bura, W.E. Mabee, A. Berlin, X. Pan, J.N. Saddler: Substrate Pretreatment: The Key to Effective Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosics?- S.T. Merino, J. Cherry: Progress and Challenges in Enzyme Development of Biomass Utilization.- ...

  • Biofuels for Road Transport

    Biofuels for Road Transport

    Biofuels for Road Transport: A Seed to Wheel Perspective provides a review of the history, the current status and perspectives for biofuels used in road transport, across the full ‘seed-to-wheel’ life cycle of these fuels. Successive chapters cover the history of biofuels; the first- and second-generation liquid fuels and biofuels for powering electric vehicles; fossil fuel replacement, land requirement, greenhouse gas balances and environmental ...

  • Biofuels, Solar and Wind as Renewable Energy Systems

    Biofuels, Solar and Wind as Renewable Energy Systems

    With shortages of fossil energy, especially oil and natural gas, and heavy biomass energy use occurring in both developed and developing countries, a major focus has developed worldwide on renewable energy systems. Renewable energy systems include wind power, biomass, photovoltaics, hydropower, solar thermal, thermal ponds, and biogas. Currently, a heavy focus is on biofuels made from crops, such as corn, sugarcane, and soybeans, for use as ren

  • Biohydrogen

    Biohydrogen

    The modern world is facing three critical problems: high fuel prices, climate change, and air pollution. Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands covers the production, purification, storage, pipeline transport, usage, and safety of biohydrogen. Hydrogen promises to be the most significant fuel source of the future, due to its global availability and the fact that water is its only by-product. Biofuels such as bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-oil, ...

  • Biorefineries

    Biorefineries

    Industrial biorefineries have been identified as the most promising routes to the creation of a bio-based economy. Partial biorefineries already exist in some energy crop, forest-based, and lignocellulosic product facilities. Biorefineries: For Biomass Upgrading Facilities examines the variety of different technologies which integrated bio-based industries use to produce chemicals; biofuels; food and feed ingredients; biomaterials; and power ...

  • Blast Waves

    Blast Waves

    The primary purpose of this text is to document many of the lessons that have been learned during the author’s more than forty years in the field of blast and shock. The writing therefore takes on an historical perspective, in some sense, because it follows the author’s experience. The book deals with blast waves propagating in fluids or materials that can be treated as fluids.It begins by distinguishing between blast waves and the more general

  • Coal Combustion Byproducts and Environmental Issues

    Coal Combustion Byproducts and Environmental Issues

    Coal Combustion Byproducts and Environmental Issues addresses the major implications and critical issues surrounding coal combustion products and their impact upon the environment. It provides essential information for scientists conducting research on coal and coal combustion products, but also serves as a valuable reference for a wide variety of researchers and other professionals in the energy industry and in the fields of public health, ...

  • Combustion

    Combustion

    Combustion is an old technology, which at present provides about 90% of our worldwide energy support. Combustion research in the past used fluid mechanics with global heat release by chemical reactions described with thermodynamics, assuming infinitely fast reactions. This approach was useful for stationary combustion processes, but it is not sufficient for transient processes like ignition and quenching or for pollutant formation. Yet pollutant ...

  • Computational Methods for Astrophysical Fluid Flow

    Computational Methods for Astrophysical Fluid Flow

    This book leads directly to the most modern numerical techniques for compressible fluid flow, with special consideration given to astrophysical applications. Emphasis is put on high-resolution shock-capturing finite-volume schemes based on Riemann solvers. The applications of such schemes, in particular the PPM method, are given and include large-scale simulations of supernova explosions by core collapse and thermonuclear burning and ...

  • Concentrator Photovoltaics

    Concentrator Photovoltaics

    Photovoltaic solar-energy conversion is one of the most promising technologies for generating renewable energy, and conversion of concentrated sunlight can lead to reduced cost for solar electricity. In fact, photovoltaic conversion of concentrated sunlight insures an efficient and cost-effective sustainable power resource. This book gives an overview of all components, e.g. cells, concentrators, modules and systems, for systems of concentrator ...

  • Convective and Advective Heat Transfer in Geological Systems

    Convective and Advective Heat Transfer in Geological Systems

    This monograph aims to provide state-of-the-art theoretical results in a systematic treatment of convective and advective heat transfer during fluid flow in geological systems at the crustal scale. Although some numerical results are provided to complement theoretical ones, the main focus of this monograph is on theoretical aspects of the topic. The theoretical treatment contained in this monograph is also applicable to a wide range of problems ...

  • Crystal Growth of Silicon for Solar Cells

    Crystal Growth of Silicon for Solar Cells

    This volume presents a comprehensive survey of the science and technology of crystal growth of Si for solar cells with emphasis on fundamental science. Starting from feedstock, crystal growth of bulk crystals (single crystal and multicrystals) and thin film crystals are discussed. Numerous illustrations promote a comprehension of crystal-growth physics. The fundamental knowledge on crystal growth mechanisms obtained through this book will ...