Combustion Plants Articles

  • Proper Valve Trim Extends Life of Boiler Feedwater Valves

    In competitive power markets, combined cycle facilities are experiencing more operating cycles than owners initially planned for at the design stage. It’s not uncommon for a combined cycle plant to experience more than 250 starts per year these days.While the ability to cycle a large combined cycle plant is ideal for fleet flexibility, frequent startups and shutdowns strain many critical ...

  • More Power & Flexibility Lead to Profits Case Study

    In 2014, Powerphase installed a Turbophase system consisting of two Turbophase modules, at a cogeneration plant in the U.S. The Morris Cogen plant is a 177 MW combined-cycle gas facility located within the Equistar Chemicals petrochemical plant in Morris, IL. The Morris plant has a single pressure steam turbine (ST) (625 psig/750°F) rated at 57 MW, and three GE MS6001B, PG6561 gas turbines ...


    By Powerphase

  • Cenospheres - Case Study

    The problem: A cenosphere is a lightweight, inert, hollow sphere made largely of silica and alumina and filled with air or inert gas, typically produced as a byproduct of coal combustion at thermal power plants. On average 0.5% of the fly ash generated in a coal fired power station boiler are Cenospheres. When fly ash is wet discharged in to ash ponds/lagoons cenospheres float on ...


    By Dirk European Holdings LTD

  • Case study - Air-to-air heat exchanger provides plant heat and big savings

    OVERVIEW A food processing facility installed a new Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer (RTO) for odor control from its roasting operation.  The oxidizer was designed for 95% thermal rate of efficiency and included supplemental fuel injection (SFI) which is used during low VOC loading conditions, to help save fuel cost.  The customer was looking at additional ways  to further ...

  • Combustible Briquettes for All Your Camping Requirements

    Coal has been in use since historical times both to cook food and to produce energy. Coal briquettes are a great fuel source and are manufactured in specialized briquetting plants that offer different varieties of combustible briquettes. What Exactly Is A Briquette? Briquettes are an amazing source of combustible energy that ...


    By Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools

  • Advantages Of Using Briquettes Over Conventional Fuels

    Is there a renewable source of energy that can replace the conventional fuel? Is the source greener and cheaper as compared to other sources? Is it easy to use? So many different questions and a simple answer to all of them is ‘‘YES’’. A biomass briquette plant is an ideal replacement to the traditional types of fuel which are highly dangerous to the environment. The ...


    By Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools

  • Tronox Namakwa sands furnace Gas CHP Plant - Case Study

    Tronox is the largest fully integrated producer of titanium ore and titanium dioxide in the world. The Tronox Mineral Sands cogeneration power generation plant, located in the Western Cape, uses the waste gas from two open arc DC furnaces as an energy source. The gas engine power plant operates on waste gas ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Mawera inside story – biomass case study

    With more than 30 years’ experience in the UK market, Mawera UK has supplied and installed wood burning boilers to numerous companies, turning wood-waste into heat for factory, office and process heating and helping companies recover the cost of their boilers through compliance with the RHI. To support progress and innovation, Mawera maintains its own levels of technology and combustion ...


    By Mawera (UK) Ltd

  • Case study - Internal combustion engines and process heat-to-power application in Czech Republic

    Breclav-Postorna, Czech Republic Hot Water Temp:  88-92°C Hot Water Flow:  10 l/s KWth Average (Thermal Input): 600-750kWth Cooling:  Cooling Tower Cold Water Temp: 18-24°C Cold Water Flow: 12-14 l/s Green Machine Gross Output: Two machines at 25-33kWe each ElectraTherm installed two Green Machines at FOSFA, a manufacturer of phosphoric acid and ...


    By ElectraTherm

  • Methylmercury in mosquitoes around a large coal‐fired power plant in Central Ohio

    Emissions from coal‐fired power plants are the major anthropogenic source of mercury (Hg) in the environment. Because emitted Hg can be deposited near the source, concerns arise about the effects of coal‐burning facilities on levels of toxic methylmercury (MeHg) in biota near such sources. We investigated the potential impact of a large Hg‐emitting (450 kg in 2005) coal‐fired power station in ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Cleaning biogas with bacteria

    Organic materials added to an anaerobic digester commonly contain sulphur components. During the anaerobic digestion process, the sulphur is converted into hydrogen sulphide (H2S), which is absorbed by the biogas. When the biogas produced in an AD plant goes on to be combusted in a gas engine or boiler, the H2S will give off sulphur dioxide (SO2) and sulphuric acid ...


    By Biogasclean A/S

  • Reasons for efficiency: Plain as the smudge on your face

    Remember soot? A long time ago, before global warming, getting rid of soot was considered a good reason to make our energy supply cleaner and more efficient. These small dirty particles, created from auto and power plant combustion, discolor walls and do worse to our lungs. Their harm is immediate, yet we seem to have forgotten this, as we’ve become consumed in energy debate about future worries. ...

  • Large-scale application

    Type      HOFGAS®- Ready 2500 (2x) Commissioning      2002 Client      Cleanaway (Pitsea, GB) Situation The 2.8km2 big Pitsea landfill is located 50km east of London. It takes 2 to 3 years until the process of a landfill releases constantly gas. To compensate the initial unsteadiness, the 2 compact units ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Removal of ecologically harmful pyrolysis gas and vapours

    Type     HOFGAS®- IFM4c/1000 Commissioning     August 2002 Site     Waste water treatment plants Situation As a result of new authority requirements, Romag AG set up operation of a plant for the drying and gasification of wastewater sludge. Drying vapours are formed during the sludge drying and pyrolysis gas during gasification. These emissions must be burned in an ecological way, ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Redundant combustion plant for Novartis

    Type     HOFGAS®- IFM4c/2200/1500/60/180 Commissioning     2004 Site     Novartis (Basel, CH) Situation In order to prevent production failure due to missing redundancy in the flue gas clean up, Novartis required an additional system. During different production processes exhaust air load with organic components is formed. ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Thermochemical reactor design and thermal breakdown in middle-rank coals

    Experiments conducted at bench scale can throw new light on the operation of pilot and plant scale processes. In the coal gasification/combustion area, such experiments have ranged from determinations of coal reactivities for novel entrained-flow gasifiers, to investigating the fate of injectant coal during blast furnace operation. Meanwhile, the accurate mimicking of conditions within pilot and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Producing hydrogen using nuclear energy

    The earliest means of separating hydrogen from water was by electrolysis using electrical energy that usually had been produced by low-efficiency thermodynamic processes. Substitution of thermal energy for electrical energy in high-temperature electrolysis gives a somewhat higher overall efficiency, but significantly complicates the process. Today, the vast majority of hydrogen is produced by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergetic performance investigation of a turbocharged stationary diesel engine

    An exergetic assessment is reported of a turbocharged stationary diesel engine with a power output of about 19 MW. The system studied consists of a diesel engine, a turbine, a compressor, an intercooler and a radiator. The sites of exergy destructions are identified and quantified and the exergy efficiencies of various components are determined. The effects of inlet air temperature and pressure ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low-volatile coal combustion technologies in Vietnam: issues and strategies

    Vietnam has planned to install a number of coal-fired power plants with unit's capacity of up to 600 MW. Present experience shows that available low volatile anthracite coal is difficult to burn in the PC fired boilers. In this paper, the CFB combustion technology is proposed based on the experiences of coal-fired power plants around the world used similar coal characteristics. Later, a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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