Crude Analysis

Articles & Whitepapers

  • Panel Granger causality between oil consumption and GDP: evidence from BRICS countries

    This paper examines the causal relationship between oil consumption and economic growth in the BRICS countries for the period from 1985 to 2011. We employ a panel causality approach which accounts for both cross–sectional dependency and heterogeneity across countries. The empirical results support the view that oil consumption and economic growth are not sensitive to each other for the panel of ...

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Equipment & Solutions

  • Crude Oil Package for Vapor Pressure Tester
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    Crude Oil Package for Vapor Pressure Tester

    The GRABNER INSTRUMENTS` Crude Oil Package is a comprehensive solution for the transport and measurement of the vapor pressure of crude oil according to ASTM D6377 (Expansion Method). The unique Floating Piston Cylinder allows safe sample transfer of “live crude oils” according to ASTM D3700 and eliminates the risk of evaporation of light hydrocarbon ends ...