Energy comprises many types of modes by using complex processes to explore, extract, refine, produce and transport these products. The energy industry comprises: Fossil fuels: coal, petroleum and natural gas (conventional as well as hydraulic fracturing), including liquid propane gas and liquid natural gas. Non fossil fuels such as: hydroelectric, battery technology, hydrogen fuel cells, nuclear power. Renewable fuels such as: biofuels, hydrogen fuel cells, geothermal, solar (photovoltaic). Nuclear power.
Syngas (short for synthetic gas) can be burnt and used as a fuel source, the main constituents of syngas are Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Hydrogen (H), which amount for around 85% of Syngas, and it is produced by a process called Gasification.
Gasification starts with a base material which can originate from a wide variety of materials for example wood chips and pellets, plastics, municipal solid waste, sewage, waste crops, and fossil fuels such as coal. During Gasification the base material is reacted at high...
All lines can be blocked over in time by bacteria in the water that is used for heat exchange during liquefaction and gasification processes, in LNG Terminals. And this can lead to an increase in costs due to the inefficient heat exchange.
Application: Syngas (short for synthetic gas) can be burnt and used as a fuel source, the main constituents of syngas are Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen, which amount for around 85% of Syngas, and it is produced by a process called Gasification.
With energy costs skyrocketing, companies are looking for ways to optimize energy usage and cut costs, but maintain production output. Companies now capture details of energy use, such as peak and non-peak use and type of fuel used— natural gas, steam, coal, etc. There are different programs such as Energy Star that companies are using for guidance and reporting.
Regardless of whether a power plant runs on coal or natural gas, it has a very large environmental impact. Producing and transporting fuel also requires consuming resources and generating emissions. Stricter environmental requirements and increased energy costs are challenges for the industry. Solar energy can be used to preheat the water, the make-up water and the actual steam process. Solar collectors that concentrate the sunlight provide a lot of advantages for the purchaser. Read more about our products and...
Utilities and municipalities can participate in the changing energy infrastructure. Energy infrastructure is changing. While oil, coal, and gas remain the dominant sources of global energy, heightened awareness to the social and economic benefits of renewable energy is resulting in increased demand for solar. 2016 was a record breaking year as the United States doubled its solar capacity from 2015. Total U.S. solar capacity is expected to triple over the next five years. Demand for solar is increasing and utilities...
If waste wood is utilized, woody biomass can be a form of renewable energy that complements solar and wind. Furthermore, gasifying the wood to produce electricity is a lot cleaner than disposing via controlled burns, and has a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since decomposition often produces methane, and reverts all of the carbon to carbon dioxide, whereas with gasification, a portion is sequestered as char-ash.
Gasification and synthetic gas production from various waste products are becoming increasingly important energy recovery technologies. Often, the synthetic gas contains various hazardous contaminants including H2S, HCl and other acids, heavy metals, and tars. The gas requires cleaning before it is introduced in the engine or boiler. Most of these processes generate significant concentration of tars. The tars can vary from very low molecular weight to large and complex chains.
Composition of Natural Gas, Syngas via VOC SpeciationThe composition of fuel gas is important in order to determine calorific value and also to detect any unwanted contaminants in the gas. Online analysis is important in order to give real-time and direct action on issues.
Processes that create a synthetic gas (syn gas) in a gasification process for waste reduction, electricity generation, or steam production (CHP – combined heat and power processes) – commonly benefit from custom heat recovery systems.
The construction of coal and natural gas power stations is continuing at a steady rate along with older power stations being retrofitted with more effective flue gas cleaning systems. Both the community and environmental protection authorities are paying closer attention to both emission and ambient concentrations around power stations.
For more than 25 years, coal and biomass fired plants have formed the largest installed user base for Procal CEM systems. Throughout this period, there has been increasing environmental scrutiny and process upgrades, including the near-ubiquitous use of after-treatment systems such as sophisticated FGD and SCR.
Converting wood waste into electricity—lumber mill off-cuts, wood from forestry thinnings (cleared of leaf matter), disposal of wooden pallets and crating (with nails removed). Wood is chipped, dried, and used to produce electricity, reducing electrical costs and paid disposal.
Disposal by gasification also has far lower particulate emissions than controlled burns and a lower carbon footprint than decomposition, since methane emissions from anaerobic decomposition are avoided. Decomposing wood reverts all of its...
Biomass energy from gasification, when done responsibly with waste wood or suitable agricultural waste such as nut shells, is often eligible for feed-in tariffs. However, biomass gasification has the advantage of being on-demand, so you can feed renewable energy onto the grid at times when wind and solar are not abundant, enabling you to avoid times when prices are too low due to an excess of wind or solar power being fed to the grid.
Porvair Filtration Group have supplied a comprehensive range of filtration and separation products to the energy market for many years. We supply all major sectors of the power generation, distribution and supply industry, and our technology is used over a wide range of applications. These include, but are not limited to, the distribution of natural gas, conditioning and treatment of fuel oils, hydrocarbons and produced water, clean coal technologies, gasification and fuel cell technology. Our unrivalled experience...