Synthetic Fuel Articles

  • Hydrogen as Future Fuel for Gas Engines

    Gas engines are providing a wide range of fuel flexibility from burning natural gas and a variety of non- natural gaseous fuels from low British Thermal Unit (BTU) gases as well as gases containing a high hydrogen content. Hydrogen containing gases can be found as by-product ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Shipping sector braces for emissions storm

    Is the fuel oil market ready for tighter carbon and sulphur emissions rules on shipping? Tighter emissions regulations are set to cause a revolution in the shipping fuel market over the next few years, with plans now in place for carbon emissions cuts and tougher regulations on sulphur emissions increasingly likely to come into force in 2020. A compromise agreement reached by ...


    By Petroleum Economist Ltd

  • How is biodiesel produced?

    This article is the first in a series that will take a close look at alternative fuels production and source materials. Over the next several months, we will cover natural gas, propane, ethanol, hydrogen, and fuel cells. This month, we will focus on biodiesel. Methods for creating fuels from renewable biomass feedstocks have been used since the 1800s. Vegetable oils were used in diesel engines ...

  • Italy: the next CSP hotspot?

    Italy could potentially have a booming CSP market, thanks to high DNI levels in the southern parts of the country and in the main islands of Sardinia and Sicily – where one of the newest CSP plants, the 50 MW Mazara, is being built. Feed-in-tariffs (FiTs) for CSP generation and industrial needs for process heat should make the market even more attractive. So why aren't developers flocking ...


    By New Energy Update

  • Wastewater as anolyte for bioelectricity generation in graphite granule anode single chambered microbial fuel cell: effect of current collector

    Single chambered microbial fuel cell (sMFC) could be used for wastewater treatment as well as to generate electricity. Bioelectrochemical treatment of synthetic acetate based wastewater with simultaneous power generation was studied in tubular type air cathode sMFC. In order to improve the efficacy of MFC, three different anodic systems were considered such as graphite granules with graphite rod ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biofuel - Energy Supplier of the Future?

    Biofuel like biodiesel, plant oil, ethanol, bio methane or the synthetic biomass- to- liquid (BtL)- fuels everyone is talking about them. They are at present the only renewable alternative in the mobility sector and already today make up 6.1 % of the fuel consumption in Germany. However, in the past months and years biofuels had the reputation to generate a social- und environmental dilemma. ...


    By Fritsch Milling and Sizing

  • 7 Different type of alternative energy

    There are different types of clean energy technologies that are available today for electricity generation. Most of these have a number of benefits that different communities can explore and put into good use. Here are some clean sources of energy. Biomass Energy Biomass energy is an alternative source of renewable and clean energy that is one of the oldest and ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • Influence of nitrogen limitation on performance of a microbial fuel cell

    We describe the operation of a microbial fuel cell (MFC) system operating on a synthetic wastewater (acetic acid), under conditions of increasing nitrogen limitation. Two MFCs were operated under feed conditions which spanned a range of TKN/COD values of 1.6–28 mg/g. Stable operation was observed in all cases, even when no ammoniacal nitrogen was added to the cell. Improved electrochemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Synergistic energy conversion processes using nuclear energy and fossil fuels

    This paper reviews the methods of producing energy carriers, such as electricity, hydrocarbons and hydrogen, by utilising both nuclear energy and fossil fuels synergistically. There are many possibilities for new, innovative, synergistic processes, which combine chemical and nuclear systems for efficient, clean and economical production of energy carriers. Besides the individual processes by each ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison between refinery processes for heavy oil upgrading: a future fuel demand

    Petroleum refining industry is entering into the significant era of reformation due to the depletion of light petroleum and an increase in heavy or extra heavy crude oil production. There is a strong need to revise the processes that are commercially available for heavy crude oil refining. Upgrading of heavy and extra heavy oil by means of catalytic processes requires new generation catalyst ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuels by alternative processes using natural gas, coal and biomass: process simulation and economic analysis

    The problem of producing synthetic liquid fuels by alternative routes is addressed. Industrial processes known as Gas To Liquid (GTL), Coal To Liquid (CTL) and Biomass To Liquid (BTL) are considered: they use natural gas, coal and biomass as feedstocks, respectively. By means of process simulation, it is shown that the fuel produced on a weight basis per unit of feedstock (natural gas, coal and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Polygeneration-IGCC concepts for the production of hydrogen rich fuels based on lignite

    This paper presents three IGCC-power plant concepts for central production of a hydrogen-rich fuel (methanol, hydrogen, synthetic natural gas ? SNG) from lignite. Each concept contains a CO2-separation, which produces a sequestration-ready CO2-rich stream. Thus, CO2-emissions caused by use of lignite are considerably reduced. Furthermore, the produced low-carbon fuels are converted in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Studies on the potential role of different energy sources in the 21st century

    The paper describes studies on long-term energy development using the 10-region World Energy Model. Several scenarios of external conditions for energy development are considered. Special attention is paid to the influence of constraints on CO2 emissions and moratorium on nuclear energy use. Terms of depletion of cheap non-renewable energy resources and introduction of synthetic fuels as well as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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