Geothermal Articles

  • Are you eligible for a manufacturing tax credit?

    The United States has been generous with tax credits for energy production. But until now, it’s been somewhat miserly about giving breaks to those who make the equipment that makes the energy – or saves it.That’s changed with creation of the Advanced Energy Manufacturing Credit (MTC), part of the federal stimulus package. The 30% tax credit makes $2.3 billion available for new, expanded, or ...

  • Effect of Non-Condensable Gases on geothermal power plant performance. Case study: Kizildere Geothermal Power Plant-Turkey

    Non-Condensable Gases (NCGs) are natural components of geothermal fluids, and they are a source of considerable capital and operating costs for power plants. The NCG content of geothermal steam varies over the world from almost zero to as much as 25% (wt). In this work, the influence of NCGs on the thermodynamic performance of geothermal power plants is analysed for various NCG content and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New energy economy emerging in the United States

    As fossil fuel prices rise, as oil insecurity deepens, and as concerns about climate change cast a shadow over the future of coal, a new energy economy is emerging in the United States. The old energy economy, fueled by oil, coal, and natural gas, is being replaced by one powered by wind, solar, and geothermal energy. The transition is moving at a pace and on a scale that we could not have ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • World geothermal power generation nearing eruption

    With fossil fuel prices escalating and countries searching for ways to reduce oil dependence and greenhouse gas emissions, capturing the earth’s heat for power generation is garnering new attention. First begun in Larderello, Italy, in 1904, electricity generation using geothermal energy is now taking place in 24 countries, 5 of which use it to produce 15 percent or more of their total ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • World geothermal power generation nearing eruption

    With fossil fuel prices escalating and countries searching for ways to reduce oil dependence and greenhouse gas emissions, capturing the earth’s heat for power generation is garnering new attention. First begun in Larderello, Italy, in 1904, electricity generation using geothermal energy is now taking place in 24 countries, 5 of which use it to produce 15 percent or more of their total ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Identification of high-prospect geothermal energy projects in China

    This project will focus on the identification of highly prospective geothermal energy projects in China with cooperation of Australia. The emphasis will be on geothermal prospects in the non-volcanic regions that comprise the bulk of China. The primary goal of the proposed co-operative project is to produce a portfolio of high prospect geothermal projects that are ranked in terms of ...

  • Case Study - 2.0 MW Nominal Geothermal Power Plant

    Lake Naivasha, Kenya – 2007 Under a contract signed in June 2006 with Oserian, Geothermal Development Associates (GDA) agreed to design, manufacture, inspect, test, pack, and ship a 2 MW nominal geothermal steam turbine generator and related power plant auxiliary components from Reno, Nevada, USA to the Oserian flower-growing facility near Lake Naivasha, Kenya. GDA will provide technical ...

  • Renewable energy systems: the environmental impact approach

    High energy consumption and the world population increase will lead to shrinking reserves of fossil fuels. Concern about carbon dioxide emissions may discourage widespread dependence on fossil fuels and encourage the development and use of renewable energy systems employing a variety of technologies Renewable energy systems have themselves an environmental impact. Land use and material employed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydrogen as transport fuel in Iceland. The political, technological and commercial story of ECTOS

    Through the political, the technological and the commercial story of the early phases of the ECTOS project and its background, the implementation of hydrogen as transport fuel in Iceland is analysed. The presence of large amounts of geothermal energy is the resource basis for the governmental plans for converting Iceland into a hydrogen economy. Strong political commitment has established the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Its Easy Being Green

    Building your home with benefits for you and respect for the planet Today, many homebuilders want to build projects that protect their environment. Happily, the savvy homeowner can design a house that, at little or no cost, provides the rewards of a healthier environment and lower utility bills. Indeed, many measures launched out of concern for the environment will deliver better results than ...


    By Chandler LLC

  • Exergy analysis and pressure optimisation of geothermal binary power plants

    Binary geothermal power plants are used for power production from moderate temperature geothermal reservoirs (85-170°C). In performance analysis of those plants, the second law of thermodynamics is used like in other conventional power plants. In this paper, the exergy analysis and pressure optimisation methods are described for binary power plants. The method described is applied to a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A BME solution of the stochastic three-dimensional Laplace equation representing a geothermal field subject to site-specific information

    This work develops a model of the geothermal field in the Nea Kessani region (Greece) by means of the Bayesian maximum entropy (BME) method, which describes the temperature variations across space in the underground geological formations. The geothermal field is formed by a thermal reservoir consisting of arcosic sandstones. The temperature distribution vs depth was first investigated by the ...


    By Springer

  • A necessary condition for optimum Rankine cycle power plants

    Consumers pay more for electricity than necessary partly because commercial power plant operating criteria are not universally valid. Although such plants are commonly designed to provide electricity at least cost for given conditions, operating criteria lack a rigorous thermodynamic basis. The current empiricism alone costs US consumers billions of dollars per year. This dilemma exists because ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamic analysis of a geothermal district heating system

    Thermoeconomic analysis is considered a useful tool for investigators in engineering and other disciplines due to its methodology based on the quantities exergy, cost, energy and mass. This study deals with an investigation of capital costs and thermodynamic losses for devices in the Balcova Geothermal District Heating Systems (BGDHS). Thermodynamic loss rate-to-capital cost ratios are used for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Utilisation of deep geothermal energy for heating purposes

    The Hot-Dry-Rock-(HDR) technology allows a location-independent utilisation of geothermal heat, because aquifers in deep formations, i.e. layers filled with water, are not necessary. The flow paths for the circulating water in a depth of 4 km are created by hydraulic fracturing of existing gaps. Due to the fact that this new technology is quite cost-intensive, high annual load duration of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis and performance evaluation of Kizildere Geothermal Power Plant, Turkey

    Conventional geothermal power plants (GPP) differ from fossil-fuel power plants (FFPP) in many ways. The most specific ones are that GPPs are not cyclic plants and the working fluid is not pure steam. Geothermal steam contains non-condensable gases (NCG) which degrade power plant efficiency. This discrepancy leads to two considerations in energy and exergy analysis of GPPs. One is that the amount ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of utilisation opportunities of geothermal energy in the Kavala region, Greece, using exergy analysis

    Greece has a lot of geothermal energy fields. Due to legal inefficiencies, the exploitation of this renewable energy source remains at very low levels. In this work, the operation of a cogeneration (hot water and electricity) geothermal plant that could be built in Eratino, Greece, is analysed. The research on the development of a low enthalpy geothermal field is investigated as a very essential ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Rational use and management of geothermal energy resources

    This article identifies and explains several attributes of geothermal energy. High exergetic efficiency due to a close temperature tie between geothermal energy and district heating and cooling was noted. Parameters governing the rational use and management of geothermal energy systems with special emphasis on integrated-cascaded district energy systems were formulated and explained with two case ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Boron pollution due to geothermal wastewater discharge into the Buyuk Menderes river, Turkey

    Kizildere, which is the only commercial geothermal power plant in Turkey and located in Buyuk Menderes Graben in south-west Turkey, discharges annually 6 million tonnes of wastewater into the Buyuk Menderes river, creating environmental pollution. Currently, the wastewater, which includes up to 24 mg/l boron, is discharged into the river at a rate of 750–1500 tonnes per hour. The temperature of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Geothermal Energy... Power from the Depths

    The Earth's crust is a bountiful source of energy—and fossil fuels are only part of the story. Heat or thermal energy is by far the more abundant resource. To put it in perspective, the thermal energy in the uppermost six miles of the Earth's crust amounts to 50,000 times the energy of all oil and gas resources in the world! The word 'geothermal' literally means 'Earth' plus 'heat.' ...

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