Solar Water Treatment Articles

  • Coupling the nickel–iodine–sulphur cycle with a nuclear reactor

    Nuclear hydrogen production is a technically feasible and economically viable option for addressing future energy needs. Several projects have been started on the co–generation of hydrogen and electricity from nuclear energy. In this report, the nickel sulphur iodine (NIS) cycle, a thermochemical water splitting cycle originally developed in ENEA for solar hydrogen production, was studied to be ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Parametric study and exergy analysis of solar water–lithium bromide absorption cooling system

    This paper presents the energy and exergy analysis of single–effect water–lithium bromide absorption cooling system driven by the heat supplied by a field of solar thermal collectors with a cooling capacity of 10 kW. The work is devoted to the study, the evaluation and distribution of the destroyed exergy for each component constituting this kind of system. The thermodynamic models have been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • In the World: Small Mexican village produces clean water with solar-powered system

    MIT-developed system runs autonomously, producing 1,000 liters per day. In a small village deep in the jungles of the Yucatan Peninsula — a day’s drive from any source of clean, drinkable water — researchers from MIT are testing a system that purifies water with the help of the sun. The relatively inexpensive system consists of several modest photovoltaic panels, a large ...

  • Energy and exergy analysis of a solar–assisted heat pump space heating system for clear days

    The studies over solar–assisted heat pump systems have been performed mostly on time periods when solar radiation is high. Therefore, this study focuses on performance analysis of a solar–assisted heat pump system which stores the energy during the clear day and uses it as a heat source of heat pump space heating system during the night. Energy and exergy analyses divided into two parts, which ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar disinfection of natural waters with modified solar concentrators

    Solar water disinfection is a proven method for household purification of drinking water. Compound parabolic collectors (CPCs) have been used to enhance the inactivation rate of microorganisms. In the present study, a modified CPC with a higher concentration ratio of 1.1 was employed to further speed up the process. A large number of tests were conducted with water samples collected from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Elimination of enteric indicators and pathogenic bacteria in secondary effluents and lake water by solar disinfection (SODIS)

    The reduction of enteric indicators (fecal coliforms (FC) and Enterococcus faecalis) and elimination of pathogenic bacteria (Salmonella spp. and Staphylococcus aureus) in the secondary effluents and lake water by solar disinfection (SODIS) was studied in this article. FC, E. faecalis, Salmonella spp. and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calibrating an optimal condition model for solar water disinfection in peri-urban household water treatment in Kampala, Uganda

    In low income settlements where the quality of drinking water is highly contaminated due to poor hygienic practices at community and household levels, there is need for appropriate, simple, affordable and environmentally sustainable household water treatment technology. Solar water disinfection (SODIS) that utilizes both the thermal and ultra-violet effect of solar radiation to disinfect water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Winning projects at clean energy awards benefit women

    The winning projects of this year's Ashden Awards for sustainable energy, which were announced last month (30 May), have particular benefits for women, organisers say. The projects demonstrate how improved access to ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Performance evaluation of parabolic dish type solar collector for industrial heating application

    From Indian perspective there is a large potential available for low cost solar water heating systems. The described system can instantly fulfil needs of hot water in industrial sector. This type of system can be used for heating boiler feed water, laundry applications and other steam generation applications. In general, concentrated solar collectors have high efficiency as compared to flat plate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water vapour permeation measurement for PV Solar Cell packaging

    With fears of carbon dioxide causing global warming and diminishing supplies of fossil fuels, a looming energy crisis is affecting all countries.  As a consequence, a great deal of world-wide effort is going into the development of alternative energy technologies.  At present, wind, hydro and geothermal are becoming well established with more niche roles for tidal and solar. The latter ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • The effect of sponge liner on the performance of simple solar still

    In conventional solar stills, a part of the radiation is reflected by the inner wall surfaces to the still components and the remaining energy is stored by itself. The main objectives of this experimental study are: 1) to utilise the energy available on the inner wall surfaces of a still by using sponge liner; 2) to find the optimum thickness of sponge liner. Two single-slope solar stills are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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