Waste gasification is a type of waste to energy process where waste material is used as a fuel to create heat, electricity or other chemical products. Specifically, in waste gasification, the waste material is decomposed in such a way to produce gaseous products, often known as syngas, a combination of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and some carbon dioxide.
Conventional incineration uses heat and oxygen to combust waste products. While waste gasification still requires high temperatures, as it does not use oxygen, fewer pollutants are produced and no potentially toxic ashes. Syngas itself is also a valuable fuel either for steam and electricity product, or syngas can be used as chemical feedstock in the synthesis of more valuable products.
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