Running a biogas programme
The book: “Running a biogas programme: a handbook” was published by Practical Action in 1988. The book was based on a report written in 1985 by a team, of which David Fulford was a part, working in DCS (Development and Consulting Services), a project under the United Mission to Nepal (UMN). This report was in two volumes: Biogas in Nepal Vol I and Biogas in Nepal Vol II and was written for the USAID funded programme in which DCS was involved.
DCS had become involved in the biogas extension programme that was started by the Agricultural Department of the Government of Nepal. UMN set up GGC (Gobar Gas and Agricultural Development Company Pvt Ltd) with the ADB/N (Agricultural Development Bank of Nepal) and the Fuel Corporation as joint share holders.
The book compares the programme in Nepal with those in other countries, especially India and China. A range of aspects are considered, including organisation, management, technology, and finance. Details of the book are provided on the next page.
After the information provided in the first book, the programme in Nepal was transferred by UMN to ADB/N in 1984, who obtained finance from UNDP (United Nations Development Fund) to replace the USAID funding support to expand the extension programme, with subsidies.
After the UNDP project was complete, SNV (Netherlands Development Organisation) took over the work in 1992, setting up the Biogas Support Programme (BSP/N). The programme allowed more construction companies to install biogas plants, offering training and licensing. Finance from the Netherlands provided subsidies, which were used to encourage quality control.
The new book, “Small-scale rural biogas programmes: a handbook” looks at how this programme has developed over the 30 years since the DCS report was written.