Home Heating and Cooling Solutions
Co-op Power helps you take advantage of state rebates to support the installation of clean heating and cooling solutions. These solutions offer a high level of comfort, are more cost effective to operate than traditional systems, and reduce your carbon footprint.
Air-source heat pumps (ASHPs), also referred to as mini-splits or mini-split heaters, can provide cost effective and energy efficient heating and cooling for your home. While traditional systems burn fuel to create heat, a heat pump instead works by moving heat into or out of a home. Though they require electricity to operate, efficient ASHPs use 40 percent to 70 percent less electricity than traditional electricity resistance heating. ASHPs are
- Easy to install at existing homes and compatible with any type of existing heating system
- Often installed to supplement existing heating systems
- Provide both heating and cooling in a single, efficient unit without the need to install ductwork
- Lowest up-front cost of any clean heating and cooling technology and can be more cost effective to operate than traditional oil, propane, or electric heat
The objective of HVAC – Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning – is to control the temperature of air in addition to its moisture, filtration of air, and other qualities. HVAC controls the temperature of air inside the designated “Air Conditioned' space along with control of moisture, filtration of air and containment of air borne particles, supply of outside fresh air for control of oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the air conditioned space, and the movement of air or draught. Successful HVAC systems effectively control all these qualities. Air conditioning has changed over the years from simply cooling a space to the effective control of aforementioned air characteristics. The processes that effectively control the qualities of an air conditioned space include:
- Heating: To increase the temperature by adding thermal energy to a space.
- Cooling: To decrease the temperature by removing thermal energy from a space.
- Humidifying: The process of increasing the relative humidity of a space by addition of water vapor or steam.
- Dehumidifying: The process of removing the water vapor or humidity of a space.
- Cleaning: The process of removing dust, pollens, smoke and contaminants from air inside the space.
- Ventilating: The process of adding external air to freshen up the air and maintaining gas ratio.
- Air movement: To control the movement of the supplied air so that the inhabitants of the space do not feel discomfort.
Modern Wood Heating
Central modern wood heating systems use wood chips or pellets to produce heat, much in the same way traditional boilers or furnaces use oil, propane, or natural gas. Modern wood heating systems can often integrate into existing heating systems, and can fulfill all of a home's heating and hot water needs. Systems are typically fully-automated, and require limited maintenance. Wood chip and pellet delivery is available in most parts of the state, and systems can be designed to require only three deliveries per year.
- Typically installed in homes with baseboard hot water heating, but furnace options are also available for homes with forced air heating
- Generally provide heating for an entire home
- Can be more cost-effective than heating with traditional oil, propane, or electric heat
Ground-Source Heat Pumps
Ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs) can provide cost-effective and energy-efficient heating, cooling, and water heating by utilizing the nearly constant temperature underground to heat or cool your home. GSHPs are typically the most efficient type of heat pump. Though they require electricity to operate, efficient GSHPs can provide the same amount of heating for 65 percent to 75 percent less than traditional electric heating.
- Great option for new construction, but can also replace existing forced air or hydronic heating systems
- Typically provide heating and cooling for an entire home, plus supplemental hot water
- Provide both heating and cooling in a single, efficient unit
- High installation costs, but can be substantially cheaper to operate long term than heating with traditional oil, propane, electric heat, or even natural gas
- Offers the greatest greenhouse gas reductions of any clean heating and cooling technology.