combustion system control Articles

  • Redundant combustion plant for Novartis

    Type     HOFGAS®- IFM4c/2200/1500/60/180 Commissioning     2004 Site     Novartis (Basel, CH) Situation In order to prevent production failure due to missing redundancy in the flue gas clean up, Novartis required an additional system. During different production processes exhaust air load with organic components is formed. ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Advances in control of PM2.5 and PM2.5 precursors generated by the combustion of pulverised coal

    Particulate matter smaller than 2.5 mm in aerodynamic diametre (PM2.5) from coal-fired boilers is composed of directly emitted (primary) particles and particles formed from precursors (secondary particles). Technologies to reduce emissions of precursors to secondary PM2.5 emitted by coal-fired utility plants include wet and dry flue gas desulphurisation (FGD). Limestone forced ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 1:60 Control Range with Flare

    Type     HOFGAS®- LPM 3000/2500  Performance     2,500 Nm³/h, 12,500 kW Location     Central England (GB) Initial Situation The landfill site is situated in the middle of the Sheffield region. Over time, the city limits and the landfill site have grown together. Therefore, the operator is particularly ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Overview of mercury control in coal-fired power plants

    During combustion, the mercury (Hg) in coal is volatilized and converted to elemental mercury (Hg0) vapor in the high temperature regions of coal-fired boilers. As the flue gas is cooled, a series of complex reactions begin to convert Hg0 to ionic mercury (Hg2+) compounds and/or Hg compounds (Hgp) that are in a solid-phase at flue gas cleaning temperatures or Hg that is adsorbed onto the surface ...

  • Upgrade of turbine intake damper controllers on SS Cape Isabel - Case Study

    Overview SS Cape Isabel is a 655ft, 15,000 ton roll on/roll off cargo ship based at Long Beach and operated by the US Military Sealift Command. Launched in 1976, the ship is powered by two steam turbines. The Reason The ship’s two turbine intake radial vane dampers were equipped with pneumatic controllers (actuators) which were now obsolete. The old ...


    By Rotork

  • The Beltran biomass cogeneration system

    An effective, economical solution for harvesting safe, renewable domestic energy, mitigating wastes and achieving environmental goals. Background The Beltran Biomass Cogeneration System (BBCS) is an integrated, three-stage process that uses proprietary gasification technology to convert biomass and other organic wastes into versatile, cleanburning synthesis gas. The purified ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Energy management system for a PV assisted conventional vehicle

    In this paper, a novel algorithm is proposed, for effective energy management of a conventional internal combustion engine vehicle, consisting of a photovoltaic (PV) source and battery also to power its electrical load. It offers a more practical and eco friendly solution of fossil fuel consumption reduction as compared to presently available alternatives such as electric/hybrid electric ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gas boiler load optimisation controls can rectify dry cycling and reduce energy costs by 25%

    Dry cycling of gas boilers can waste a great deal of energy, even when BMS optimisation is in use. Installing gas boiler load optimisation controls can reduce this waste and help boilers run more efficientlyBuilding engineers, energy and facilities managers tend to overlook that many gas boilers waste energy through dry cycling when they are not actively contributing to the building heating and ...


    By Vital Efficienci Ltd.

  • Advanced, integrated systems meet the challenges of commercial-scale operation

    Technological frontiers in die alternative energy industry continue to widen in countries around the globe. As such, die exploitation of biomass as a source of energy has become die fastest-growing sector among a growing roster of energy solutions. Today, more energy is produced from various forms of biomass dian from all wind, solar and geodicrmal applications combined. Much of die excitement ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Fuel reduction potential of energy management for vehicular electric power systems

    In the near future a significant increase in electric power consumption in vehicles is to be expected. To limit the associated increase in fuel consumption and exhaust emissions, smart strategies for the generation, storage/retrieval, distribution and consumption of the electric power can be used. This paper considers a vehicle configuration with a conventional drive train. Two energy management ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Replacing of mechanical compressors by gas ejectors in flare gas recovery systems

    One of the main concerns of humankind in this century is the global warming induced by the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. A promising process for controlling the atmospheric CO2 level is prevention of combustion in flares causing high losses of raw material and energy that could generate more desired products. In the present work, a flare gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - Coater replaces old oxidizers With energy efficient systems

    Overview Emission control and the operating costs associated with meeting environmental regulations were nothing new for the Coated Products Division of Brady Corp. The company has been manufacturing coated films for nearly 60 years, demonstrating over that time a commitment to pollution prevention and emission reduction programs. But these considerations were magnified ...

  • Vaporiser - Shandong LNG Terminal - Case Study

    Project Details Customer Name: Shandong LNG Terminal The Brief: Provide heat for regasification of LNG Location of Installation: Shandong, China Products supplied: 4 off Submerged Combustion Vaporisers (SCV) ...


    By Process Combustion Ltd

  • Gas Fired Oven

      INDUSTRIAL GAS FIRED OVEN   CONSTRUCTION An industrial Gas Fired Oven is typically of steel construction, comprised of inner and outer shells of sheet steel panels, separated by 4” thick, 6 lb/ft3 density mineral wool insulation.  The panels are constructed as to minimize metal-to-metal contact between inner and outer shells and reduce heat flow from ...


    By Epcon Industrial Systems, LP

  • Flue gas Hg measurements from coal-fired boilers equipped with wet scrubbers

    The U.S. EPA has indicated they are considering additional SO2 and NOx emission reductions, and EPA is under a consent agreement to propose mercury reduction regulations by 2004 for the utility industry. The boiler manufacturers and the utility industry have developed improved combustion modification techniques to reduce NOx emissions. These advanced ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - Be modern invest in biomass boilers

    As one of the UK’s largest fireplace manufacturers and suppliers of bathroom furniture, Be Modern is an established Group of Companies based in the North East that employs over 350 skilled workers. Established in 1964 the group supplies products across the UK to a wide and diverse customer base as well as exporting products across Europe. With over 500,000 square foot of manufacturing ...


    By Mawera (UK) Ltd

  • Frequency Converter energy savings on Boilers

    Boilers and heaters account for a significant share of a plant's purchased fuel cost. Combustion air fans are necessary to provide enough combustion air to the boiler or heater's burner system. Louvers, inlet guide vanes or frequency converters control the amount of air allowed into a boiler. Configuring a combustion air fan to allow the proper amount of air into the burner can improve boiler ...


  • Biomass fired thermal oil heater case study

    This 12 MWth output Biomass Power Plant is one of the turnkey products of Biomass Power. The plant was fully commissioned in December 2006. The system has a capacity of 12 MW thermal output producing up to 10MWth of 300°C 10 Barg pressure hot oil, up to 10 tonnes per hour of steam and 2 MWth of 200°C hot air. This is all achieved from one grate heating three separate heat exchanges. The ...


    By Biomass Power Limited (BPL)

  • 2 MWe Biomass Power Plant Case Study

    This 2 MWe Biomass Power Plant is one of the turnkey products of Biomass Power. The plant was fully commissioned in September 2007. The plant has a capacity of 11 MW thermal and rated at 2MWe producing 15,700 MWh of green electricity per year, 100% of which is exported to the grid. The fuels used are from forestry and agricultural residues, wet woodchips, compost oversize, straw and miscanthus, ...


    By Biomass Power Limited (BPL)

  • Mawera inside story – biomass case study

    With more than 30 years’ experience in the UK market, Mawera UK has supplied and installed wood burning boilers to numerous companies, turning wood-waste into heat for factory, office and process heating and helping companies recover the cost of their boilers through compliance with the RHI. To support progress and innovation, Mawera maintains its own levels of technology and combustion ...


    By Mawera (UK) Ltd

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