photovoltaic module Articles

  • Design, development and simulation of PC-based scheme for characterisation of solar photovoltaic modules

    This paper presents design, simulation and experimental set up for characterisation of PV cells/modules in the laboratory. A PC-based data acquisition system and associated interface circuit is developed, simulated and used for loading PV module in the laboratory to completely scan its I-V characteristics under varying environmental conditions of solar insolation and temperature. The scheme makes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Photovoltaics Energy Technologies

    Technology Overview    Photovoltaic (or PV) cells are devices that use semiconductor materials—similar to those used in computer chips—to convert sunlight directly into electricity. The electric current can either be used immediately, or it may be stored, as in a battery, for later use. A typical PV or solar cell might be a square that measures about 4 ...

  • Photovoltaic string disconnect switches

    PV system arrays generate DC current. The solar modules are wired in series, and the system voltage is the sum of the maximum output voltage of all of the modules in a string. 600 Vdc maximum was chosen as an optimal system voltage to reduce installation costs by reducing conductor size and to stay below the 600V threshold in NEC Article 490. Prior to the growth in the number of installed PV ...


    By Eaton Corporation

  • Photovoltaic Applications and Policy Initiatives

    Issue: The world photovoltaic (PV) market has grown significantly in recent years. Although this trend is expected to continue in the future, estimates cannot be given with any real certainty. Relevance: In this context the question that arises is the role that public and private funding plays in market development and how this funding should be used to ensure the best results. Although current ...


    By Atlantis Technologies LLC

  • Photovoltaics: Basic Design Principles and Components

    If you are thinking of generating your own electricity, you should consider a photovoltaic (PV) system—a way to generate electricity by using energy from the sun. These systems have several advantages: they are cost-effective alternatives in areas where extending a utility power line is very expensive; they have no moving parts and require little maintenance; and they produce electricity ...

  • Outlook promising for photovoltaic manufacturing in India

    SCHOTT Solar and Panchabuta debated the progress and potential of the photovoltaic supply chain in India during a recent PV Insider webinar. On February 28th PV Insider hosted a webinar entitled ‘Spotlight on Indian PV’, in which three experts provided analysis on the current and future status of the photovoltaic market in India.  The webinar attracted over one thousand ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Photovoltaic Generator Market in India 2014

    This latest market research report titled Photovoltaic Generator Market in India 2014 states that the renewable energy sector is gaining prominence in India. With the country facing a continuous shortfall in the supply of conventional sources required to meet the increasing demand for energy in recent years, the focus is gradually shifting from conventional to renewable sources of energy. In ...


  • How do Photovoltaic Cells Actually Work?

    Solar power is an abundant renewable source that could be the solution to our future energy needs, but just how does a solar array produce the electricity that powers our lives? The short answer is that, through a solar panel, photons (light particles) are able to knock electrons off atoms and this causes a flow of electricity. The long ...


    By Institut für Solartechnik

  • Efficiency improvement of a photovoltaic system by acting on the characteristics of MPPT control

    A 360 W photovoltaic (PV) module power with a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm is analysed and presented. In this study, the control algorithm is improved and then applied to the PV system. The results obtained show the ability of this algorithm to control high powers when weather conditions are changing. Under the same conditions, this improved technique offers, in steady state ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Building integration of 30 kWp photovoltaic system at University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania

    A Building Integrated Photovoltaic Power System of 30 kWp was recently installed at University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania. It is the first grid-connected and largest PV system of the country. With this opportunity, an innovative non-penetrating system that uses the modules and mounting hardware as ballast was designed and implemented. Personnel with no previous experience with the roof PV ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An efficient hybrid wave/photovoltaic scheme for energy supply in remote areas

    This paper presents the efficient utilisation of hybrid photovoltaic/wave energy system for desalination water pumping and supplying the local AC and DC loads. The novel hybrid system comprises eight key parts. The PV array and wave energy permanent magnet linear generator (PMLG) as energy sources, novel AC side modulated power filter compensator (MPFC), AC-DC converter, novel DC side green plug ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Genetic Algorithm optimisation of stand-alone Photovoltaic energy systems

    This article presents the methodology for calculation of the optimum size of a Photovoltaic (PV) system. Long-term data of PV radiation were used to calculate the average power generated by a PV generator for every hour of a typical day in a month. A load of a typical house in the south of Algeria (desert area) was used as a load demand of the system. For a given load and a mixed multiple ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simulation of space vector PWM inverter supplied from photovoltaic array

    This paper presents simulation models of space vector PWM (SVPWM) inverter supplied from photovoltaic (PV) array using two different modelling approaches: circuit-based model and mathematical model. The models are developed in Matlab/Simulink and SimPower System toolbox. The realised simulation models are stable and account for various operating conditions including balanced and unbalanced ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fate and transport evaluation of potential leaching risks from cadmium telluride photovoltaics

    Fate and transport analysis has been performed to evaluate potential exposures to cadmium (Cd) from cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaics (PV) for rainwater leaching from broken modules in a commercial building scenario. Leaching from broken modules is modeled using the worst‐case scenario of total release of Cd, and residential screening levels are used to evaluate potential health impacts to ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Industry survey reveals bankability as principal hurdle for concentrated photovoltaics

    In a recent industry survey, PV Insider have identified bankability as the biggest challenge facing companies working in concentrated photovoltaics. In preparation for the 3rd Concentrated Photovoltaic Summit USA (14-15 November, San Jose), Matt Carr, Global Events Director at PV Insider, took a sample survey of the industry in September and posed the question ‘what is the biggest ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • NREL Report Shows U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Costs Continuing to Fall in 2016

    NREL U.S. PV system cost benchmarks, from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first quarter of 2016 The modeled costs to install solar photovoltaic (PV) systems continued to decline in the first quarter of 2016 in the U.S. residential, commercial, and utility-scale sectors, according to updated benchmarks from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Driving the cost ...

  • Test Sites And Testing of 3-Sun Mirror Modules

    ABSTRACT The demand for solar photovoltaic cells and modules has far outstripped PV cell supply and module prices are rising. To solve this problem. JX Crystals is developing a 3-sun mirror module that uses 1/3 the cell area to triple module production at a lower cost. Our concentrator module design uses existing planar cells. We simply cut standard SunPower A300 cells into thirds. In ...


    By JX Crystals

  • Design of single–stage three–phase grid–connected photovoltaic system with MPPT and reactive power compensation control

    This paper proposes a single stage three–phase grid–connected photovoltaic (PV) system topology, it being simpler and more efficient. This includes the modelling of PV module and the power conditioning unit interfacing the PV to the utility grid with proper power flow control. The output of the PV panel is connected to the DC–side of the voltage source inverter for interfacing to the grid. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The entropy matrix generated exergy model for a Photovoltaic heat exchanger under critical operating conditions

    The maximum entropy generation approach is adopted to develop the exergy model for a Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger with vertical heat exchange sections under critical operation of buoyancy-induced hybrid airflow. The Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger was constructed with two adjacent Photovoltaic (PV) modules with double-glass faces and back panel and assembled on a wooden duct and framing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Inclusion of biodiesel and PV modules in a wind diesel hybrid system supplying electrical loads on a small farm

    The growing interest in biofuels is a consequence of the need to reduce operating costs of energy systems and the need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The same applies to PV modules, comprising a solution environmentally desirable for power generation. This paper presents a study on the inclusion of biodiesel and PV modules in a system already in operation on a small farm in southern ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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