biomass conversion Articles

  • Advanced Application of Product Gases of Thermal Conversion of Biomass and Waste; Integration With the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

    The Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN) is studying the advanced application of product gases from the thermal conversion of biomass and waste (B&W). The Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis is the most promising as it affords diesel-like fuels of high quality and free from sulfur and aromatics. A slurry bubble FT reactor with an iron catalyst is the most suitable for B&W syngases. To optimize ...

  • The conversion of acetol during the concentration process from wood vinegar

    Acetol, as one of the components of biomass pyrolysis liquid, is a high value-added compound for medicine synthesis. If acetol can be extracted from the renewable pyrolysis liquid, much environmental and economic benefit may be obtained; but the instability of acetol makes its concentration difficult. To clarify what compounds are formed from acetol during the distillation process, the components ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research and development on biomass energy in China

    Like developed countries, China is facing two serious constraints energy shortage and environmental pollution, which hinder the development of the national economy and improvements in living conditions. On the other hand, China has a huge amount of biomass resource. It is estimated that the total amount of biomass resource is up to 5.2x108 tons of oil equivalent (TOE) in which crop residue ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Woody Biomass as renewable energy source

    In-depth analysis in Minnesota assesses the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of regional biomass generated electricity projects that tap into local feedstocks. The Center for Energy and Environment (CEE) in Minneapolis, Minnesota undertook a multiphase research project to create a framework that communities and legislators can use to determine the feasibility of biomass-generated electricity in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Influence of initial moisture on pyrolysis of fresh biomass

    Experiments were performed in a thermogravimetric analyser to understand the effects of initial moisture of biomass on its pyrolysis and kinetics. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were employed to determine the effects of the initial moisture of grass on the char structure. Kinetic parameters were obtained by applying Flynn-Wall-Ozawa ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The recent development of biomass energy in India: an overview

    This paper presents the current status and use of Biomass Technologies (BTs) in India. Different technology routes such as gasification, combustion and cogeneration are being actively developed to promote conversion of biomass materials such as agricultural, forestry and agro-industrial residues into electric power. The promotion of scientifically designed models of wood/biomass fired efficient ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy from biomass and waste – case studies in China

    With its vast territory and abundant biomass resources, China appears to have suitable conditions to develop biomass energy. It has long been recognised that it is important to develop advanced technologies for conversion of biomass into clean and convenient fuels in order to raise the efficiency of biomass energy utilisation and alleviate air pollution. Through past efforts some progress in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biomass and Integration in Future Energy Systems and the Bioeconomy

    Biomass was the primary source of materials and energy until the industrial revolution set off a series of major changes around two hundred years ago. In the industrialized world fossil fuels became the primary source for energy in the forms of electricity and heat and provided almost all fuels for transport. However, biomass continued to maintain an important role in the economies in both ...

  • For a Green Future: an Overview of Biomass Energy in China

    Biomass energy Biomass refers to biological materials or organic materials which is renewable and sustainable and could be used as a fuel source. The energy derived from the biomass materials  is called biomass energy. Biomass energy as one type of renewable energy has be developed with priorities in China. Current situation of Biomass resource in China ...


  • DOE Bioenergy Technologies office to request applications for Biomass Research and Development Initiative

    On January 13, 2017, the DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), together with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), announced the intent to issue a request for applications (RFA) titled “Fiscal Year 17 Biomass Research and ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Following the fuel: How portable biomass energy generation may help rural communities

    The forests that surround many of California’s mountain communities tend to have an abundance of woody biomass and a pressing need for thinning to reduce fire danger. Revenue from selling forest residues to biomass power plants could help to support fuel reduction activities, but in many cases the nearest plant is so far away that hauling costs are prohibitive. The remoteness of such ...


    By All Power Labs

  • Novozymes CEO Peder Holk Nielsen Discusses Growth In Biofuel Industry

    On September 7, 2015, Clean Technica published a conversation with Novozymes CEO Peder Holk Nielsen about opportunities for growth coming from the upcoming COP 21 Paris climate talks. Nielsen expressed a desire for a form of taxation or limits on carbon emissions to be put ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Exergetic performance assessment of gasification and pyrolysis processes of pre-treated wood board wastes

    This paper investigates exergetic performance of gasification and pyrolysis processes and compares their exergy efficiencies, using the experimental data on a two-step process of thermo-chemical conversion of Wood Board (WB) wastes. The exergy values of biomass samples change from 17.49 MJ/kg to 24.57 MJ/kg, respectively. Hydrogen produced from pyrolysis step of gasification varies between 17 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Australian Renewable Energy Agency announces funding for biofuel production

    On February 24, 2015, the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) announced $5.2 million in funding that would go to the design and construction of a pilot scale ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Bioenergy and the convergence of the markets for fuel, food, and fibre

    Don Roberts said four key variables are driving the economics of biofuel production: the price of fossil fuels, the cost of the feedstock, the “plethora” of conversion technology, and regulations, which stimulate demand. These variables are in flux, which presents a dilemma for investors, who “hate uncertainty.” Conversion technologies are at varying stages of market readiness. As “some of the ...

  • Green Energy Fuel by Briquettes Machine

    Now a day’s demand of energy is increasing very rapidly but we have the limited sources to satisfy the energy requirements.  This energy demand is expected to grow almost by half over in the next two decades. So it is causing fear that our resources will run out by future. This will lead to shocking consequences of global economy.   On the other side, Due to the emission ...


    By JK BioEnergy

  • The technoeconomic assessment of the hydrogen fuel chain

    Options for hydrogen fuel chain are compared with the existing petroleum-based fuel chain for transportation. The criteria used are the life cycle cost (Rs/km), Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions (g/km) and Nonrenewable Energy (NRE) consumption (MJ/km). Four hydrogen production methods, one hydrogen transport method, three hydrogen storage methods and two on-board energy conversion methods are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wood pellet research program and summary results

    BBRG’s vision is to create a comprehensive design package for pelleting technology, said Shahab Sokhansanj. “It will contain engineering data and procedures for procuring biomass, [and for] producing and delivering pellets as a choice feedstock to the emerging bioindustry.” He said he would debate the statement made earlier that morning that biomass is not a mature technology: “We need to improve ...

  • Opportunities for biofuel sustainable development in Bulgaria

    The introduction of Directive 2003/30 EC of the European Union (EU) on biofuels had the ambitious goal to both reduce greenhouse gas emission (GHG) and create new jobs in rural areas. The challenge lies in the availability of premises to convert biomass in energy, which depends on the availability of land. Thus an opportunity has been created on the EU market for biofuels, offering to each Member ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • DOE Extends Biofuel And Bioproduct Facilities Request For Information Deadline

    DOE's Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) has announced the extension of the response deadline for a request for information (RFI) about public and private sector capabilities in pilot scale verification of biofuels and bioproducts processes. ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

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