coal fuel Articles

  • Optimal maximum continuous operating load of fuel fired steam–based generating units

    This paper establishes the optimal maximum continuous operating load of fuel fired steam based thermal units without endangering the operation, asset life or carbon footprint. The interconnectivity between unit loadability and energy efficiency (represented by heat rate) enables the unit to be loaded to as high as 10% over and above the 100% maximum continuous rating (MCR) provided the energy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • USA Renewable Energy Annual 1998 With Data For 1997

    This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy of the Department of Energy or any other organization. ...


    By US Department of Energy

  • The international coal industry: comments on the paper by David Humphreys and Keith Welham

    This comment discusses in more detail one of the primary messages in the paper by David Humphreys and Keith Welham, namely the fundamental shift in the steam coal industry away from security of supply concerns and national focuses towards an international and cost-driven perspective. On the supply side, this has meant an increased focus on mining productivity. By consulting recent research, this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Unconventional Crude Upgrading Challenges

    Crude markets are being influenced by increasing prices, stagnate discovery rates, increased world demand, and competition from alternate sources such as bio-fuels, coal and unconventional crude. Future crude supplies from conventional sources are anticipated to be, in part, incrementally replaced by production of unconventional crude from Western Canada and Venezuela, in addition to other ...

  • Beyond Coal; Optimization for Oil & Gas Units

    While coal reigns supreme among fossil-fuels for electricity production in North America, there are also substantial numbers of natural gas and oil-fired generating units. On one hand high fuel prices relative to coal can make it more difficult to cost-effectively operate these units; on the other, pressure to increase the capacity factors of these units will likely intensify in order to reduce ...


    By NeuCo, Inc.

  • Coal and fuel burning effects on the atmosphere as mediated by the atmospheric electric field and galactic cosmic rays flux

    Emissions into the atmosphere of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) and particulate matter resulting from fossil fuel burning are considered to be the main anthropogenic forcing on the global climate. We show here that the external cyclic influences of cosmic origin that modulate the earth's climate may either reinforce or mitigate the 'local' terrestrial forcings. Among the external influences is cosmic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Producing carbon sorbents at solid-fuel CHPS as an element in environmental protection strategies for power engineering

    Prospects are considered for the general use of carbon sorbents for treating water in power engineering, and a demonstration is given of the desirability of making them in a specialised part of the production cycle at CHPS.Keywords: Carbon sorbents, thermal coal processing pyrolysis unit, semicoke, solid-fuel power plant, brown coal semicoke ASBC (ABM), FBCC (BKM), ACBC (ABD), activation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cumulative exergy consumption (CExC) analysis of energy carriers in China

    Cumulative exergy consumption (CExC), which represents the total exergy of natural resources required to provide a product, is an appropriate indicator for quantifying the depletion of natural resource. The objective of this study is to determine the CExC values of the principal energy carriers in China, which is the largest energy producer in the world, through the matrix method (balance ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Renewable energy in Armenia

    Armenia does not have any fossil fuel or coal reserves; therefore, it is entirely dependent on the imported fuel for transportation, electricity generation, and heat production. Armenian Government has plans to develop renewable energy resources. Renewable energy may not be the major source of energy development in Armenia but it should be an important component of it. A renewable energy road ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sources and technology for hydrogen production: a review

    A comprehensive review of various processes and possible sources of hydrogen production are discussed in this paper. The various process for hydrogen production reviewed includes industrial process i.e. steam reforming, thermal cracking, partial oxidation of fossil fuels, coal gasification, electrolysis, thermochemical etc. and new emerging processes like photolysis, photo-voltaic electrolysis, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The influence of climate change considerations on energy policy: the case of Russia

    To those working on climate change, it is obvious that energy policy should be influenced by climate change considerations. The question that this paper seeks to answer is, to what extent do they influence policy and what contribution can a careful analysis of the costs and benefits of climate change options have on the formulation of that policy? We seek to understand this by looking in some ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • AMETEK Land - World Coal - Beat the Heat

    Between the time a piece of coal is dug out of the ground and is burned in a power plant boiler, it has been through many stages of transportation and storage. One of the advantages of coal as a fuel for power generation is the ability to store substantial quantities on site. This provides a strategic buffer of at least one month's fuel supply, which can be valuable if there is a short- or ...


    By AMETEK Land

  • Combustible Briquettes for All Your Camping Requirements

    Coal has been in use since historical times both to cook food and to produce energy. Coal briquettes are a great fuel source and are manufactured in specialized briquetting plants that offer different varieties of combustible briquettes. What Exactly Is A Briquette? Briquettes are an amazing source of combustible energy that ...


    By Jay Khodiyar Machine Tools

  • Coal-to-liquid fuels poised for a comeback

    Converting coal into liquid fuels is known to be more costly than current energy technologies, both in terms of production costs and the amount of greenhouse gases the process emits. Production of coal-to-liquid fuel, or CTL, has a large carbon footprint, releasing more than twice the lifecycle greenhouse gases of conventional petroleum fuels. However, with the rise in energy prices that began ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Water impounded bottom ash collection systems

    Ash is a by-product of the combustion process in power generating stations that burn coal as a primary fuel. Combustion takes place in a boiler that is actually a large open furnace. The walls of the furnace are lined with pipes that carry water to produce steam that powers a turbine generator. Ash is present in two forms: 1) Fly-ash, a lighter material that exits the boiler in the flue-gas ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Life cycle analysis of world electricity in the 21st century using the world energy LCA model

    World energy and electricity demand by the year 2100 has been analysed using the World Energy LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) Model. Three energy scenarios are set-up: the current fossil fuel-intensive pattern, as well as renewable-intensive and nuclear-intensive alternatives. The performance of CO2 emissions, resource availability, total investment costs, indirect energy consumption from the life ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Underground Coal Gasification: Converting Unmineable Coal To Energy

    Currently, about 1.5 billion people –almost a quarter of the world’s population— are without electric power. The International Energy Agency estimates that world energy demand (for all forms of energy, including transportation fuels) will increase by 36 percent by 2035 and fossil fuels, such as coal, will continue to play a critical role in meeting this demand. What is ...

  • Quantitative assessment of solar energy geo-policy risks

    Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, gas, and wood, are the major part of contemporary energy mix. However, forecasts predict that solar energy will take up to 70% of global energy mix by year 2100. Solar energy has embedded risks, e.g., social, geopolitical, health-related, etc. These risks should be addressed in advance to prevent negative consequences but little research has addressed systemic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Performance of externally fired combined cycle (EFCC)

    The externally fired combined cycle (EFCC) which utilises coal as the primary fuel through a gas turbine cycle is a clean coal technology. Natural gas is used as the supplementary fuel, but the ultimate goal of the EFCC concept is a coal only option. In this study, the performance of the EFCC plant is evaluated based on the first and the second laws of thermodynamics, considering various levels ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association implements compliance status monitoring program - Case Study

    Enviance Capabilities Result in Reduced Burden of Labor, Increased Accountability for Tri-State Tri-State invested significant man power hours to understand and compare the compliance performance of its facilities; Tri-State had to ...


    By Enviance, Inc.

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