gasification Articles

  • Co-gasification of wood and polyethylene with the aim of CO and H2 production

    This article describes the gasification of polyethylene–wood mixtures to form syngas (H2 and CO) with the aim of feedstock recycling via direct fermentation of syngas to ethanol. The aim was to determine the effects of four process parameters on process properties that give insight into the efficiency of gasification in general, and particularly into the optimum gasification conditions for the ...


    By Springer

  • The development of biomass gasification technology towards market penetration in China

    Biomass is the second most frequently used fuel, after coal, in China, which accounts for 20% of primary energy consumption. Though the main usage of biomass is for household cooking, the newly developed biomass gasification technology, especially the circulating fluidized bed gasification (CFBG) technology, has laid the foundations for allowing biomass gasification industry penetration into the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Possibility of biomass gasification in tea manufacturing industries in Assam, India

    Tea manufacturing industries in India use natural gas, tea drying oil, wood, and coal for process heat. India is the second largest producer of tea [(1,137.07, China 1,761.00) million kilogram] in 2012. About 0.6–1.2 kg of coal is required to produce one kilogram of dried tea with average moisture of 2.5–3 percentage (w.b.). Biomass gasification is an established renewable energy technology for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Business viability of biomass co-firing and gasification for electricity generation

    Greenhouse gas reduction occurs as a result of substitution of woody biomass for coal. Coal is the worst amongst all the fossil fuels in terms of greenhouse gas emission per unit of electricity generated. Recent concerns related to the environmental impact of greenhouse gases from using fossil based feedstock, like coal, for the generation of power, specifically electricity have driven the need ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Co-gasification of wood and polyethylene with the aim of CO and H2 production

    Abstract  This article describes the gasification of polyethylene–wood mixtures to form syngas (H2 and CO) with the aim of feedstock recycling via direct fermentation of syngas to ethanol. The aim was to determine the effects of four process parameters on process properties that give insight into the efficiency of gasification in general, and particularly into the optimum gasification conditions ...


  • Thermodynamic analysis of an integrated gasification combined cycle power plant: effect of nitrogen supply on system performance

    A comprehensive thermodynamic analysis of a conceptual integrated coal gasification combined cycle power plant is presented. Energy and exergy efficiencies and exergy destructions of each sub–unit are calculated. The effect of nitrogen, which is supplied from the Air Separation Unit (ASU) of the gasification unit to the combustion chamber of the gas turbine (GT) cycle, on system performance is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modification of dolomite for hydrogen production via catalytic gasification of residue derived from biomass hydrolysis

    Calcined dolomite is a good catalyst in terms of its activity for gasification of residue derived from biomass hydrolysis for hydrogen production, whereas its fragility can cause trouble during operation. A novel modification method aimed at improving the strength of the calcined dolomite has been presented using magnesium nitrate as the modifier, which was introduced into the dolomite via a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Specialty Gas Report - Maximizing the Potential of Gasification Facilities – Simple Solutions, Huge Benefits

    Here and now gasification plants have the functionality to make the hydrogen economy a real possibility. Greatly reducing the cost of hydrogen production by using renewable resources and advanced, reliable processing techniques enables a gasification plant to produce valuable hydrogen product from waste materials. While the technology is available to enable this functionality, however, most ...


    By Verde LLC

  • Biomass gasification with pure steam in fluidised bed: 12 variables that affect the effectiveness of the biomass gasifier

    Biomass gasification in fluidised bed with pure steam has already generated a 60 vol.%, dry basis, H2 rich gas that was increased to 70–80 vol.% H2 by using a CO2 sorbent in the gasifier bed. A tar content as low as 0.25 g/Nm³ has also been reported when an active catalyst is used in the gasifier bed. Biomass gasification in fluidised bed with pure steam, therefore, has some potential ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of the organic contaminants in the condensate produced in the in situ underground coal gasification process

    Addressing the environmental risks related to contamination of groundwater with the phenolics, benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, xylene (BTEX) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which might be potentially released from the underground coal gasification (UCG) under adverse hydrogeological and/or operational conditions, is crucial in terms of wider implementation of the process. The aim ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy from biomass and waste – case studies in China

    With its vast territory and abundant biomass resources, China appears to have suitable conditions to develop biomass energy. It has long been recognised that it is important to develop advanced technologies for conversion of biomass into clean and convenient fuels in order to raise the efficiency of biomass energy utilisation and alleviate air pollution. Through past efforts some progress in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Staged Thermal Treatment Combined With Pyrometallurgical Smelting Producing Energy and Products From Waste

    Incineration of waste is considered as a state-of-the-art technology. However staged gasification in combination with pyrometallurgical smelting is ready for market introduction and offers principal advantages. These are higher efficiency (up to 35% electricity), efficient and cheaper fuel gas cleaning (less emissions), high quality secondary products (synthetic basalt), high input flexibility, ...


  • Thermochemical reactor design and thermal breakdown in middle-rank coals

    Experiments conducted at bench scale can throw new light on the operation of pilot and plant scale processes. In the coal gasification/combustion area, such experiments have ranged from determinations of coal reactivities for novel entrained-flow gasifiers, to investigating the fate of injectant coal during blast furnace operation. Meanwhile, the accurate mimicking of conditions within pilot and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biomass-fired fuel cells

    The results are presented of a techno-economic analysis of systems integrating biomass gasification plant with phosphoric acid and molten carbonate fuel cells. The cases studied relate to the generation of electricity at a scale of 500 kWe. At this level, the plant would be suitable for small-scale commercial or industrial application and would allow for the export of surplus electricity. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bioenergy opportunities in the pulp and paper and sawmill industries

    Fernando Preto said the Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET) Energy Technology Centre in Ottawa is “not a fundamental research lab…. We help industry develop technologies.” The Biomass and Renewables Group “took a different approach, asking, ‘What’s the converted value of one dry tonne of wood?’” Preto’s team made a number of assumptions about pellet-generated heat, power, and ...

  • Exergy analysis of an integrated two–stage biomass gasifier and Solid Oxide Fuel Cell system

    In this study, an exergy analysis is applied to a conceptual integrated two–stage biomass gasifier and Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) system. Several simulations are conducted to assess the effect of some key input parameters on the exergy ratios of the components and the exergy efficiency of the system. The results show that the exergy efficiency of the integrated system varies between 11.6% and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • China must be encouraged to develop hydrogen energy and fuel cell technology using domestic resources

    This paper describes the current situation in China and the reasons for the rapidly increasing consumption of oil and the consequent search for new sources. Some suggestions are made for the rapid development and commercialisation of hydrogen energy systems in China using domestic resources. China could satisfy the energy demand with her domestic resources of renewable energies and depending on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ethanol, Biomass Plants Planned for Minnesota

    Proposed facilities prepare to turn organic residuals into electricity, methane and synthesis gas “with minimal emissions and more profit.” AN ETHANOL plant in Little Falls, Minnesota is building an on-site gasifier that will convert wood waste and distiller's grains to gas for generating electricity and heat to serve the needs of the Central Minnesota Ethanol Cooperative. At the same time, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Commercialisation options for biomass energy technologies in ESCAP countries

    Biomass provides the basic energy requirements for cooking and heating in rural households and for processes in a variety of traditional industries in developing countries. In general, biomass energy uses in such cases are characterised by low efficiency. Potentially, efficiency improvements of existing energy systems could increase the energy supply from biomass substantially. Also, wide ranges ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • TAIM WESER, at the forefront in biomass cogeneration solutions

    The state-of-the-art biomass gasification plant, developed by TAIM WESER utilizing proprietary technology, is now up and running successfully, joining the range of technological products offered by the company. This solution offers clients high energy efficiency, streamlined processes and a design that, owing to its compact dimensions, allows the equipment to be installed at the location where ...


    By Taim Weser S.A.

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