Charcoal Briquettes in Malaysia at the End of 20th Century
Malaysia has rich agro-biomass resources as well as booming agriculture industry, which makes its biomass industry develop very fast. These organic materials can be used to make solid biofuel such as pellets and briquettes, liquid biofuel such as diesel and ethanol and value-added eco-products such as pulp and paper. The first briquetting plant in Malaysia was fully operational around 1985 and was sited in Klang which is about 30 km from Kuala Lumpur. Subsequently, 5 other companies were set up to manufacture charcoal briquettes for export. An old research in 1995 have showed the condition of charcoal briquette in Malaysia, which can give some reference to you.
Types of briquettes in Malaysia
There are mainly have 3 types of briquettes in Malaysia
1. rice husk briquettes
There is only one rice husk briquetting company in the country at that period. The company is located in the State of Kedah, about 350km north of Kuala Lumpur. The solidified husk product is sold as Selco Doughnut. These briquettes are sent directly to Japan where they are pulverized into very fine powder to be used as a plasticizer. The briquette machine has a production capacity of about 450 kg/h and can use husk with a moisture content of up to 12%. These products’ ash content is 2.4%, which is very low compared with other biomass briquettes.
2. briquettes with a binder
Another company that produce charcoal briquette use the starch as binder and the charcoal fines as the raw material. The charcoal powder is graded by means of a vibrating sieve with a 0.3 cm top screen size. Starch is the most common binder used at that time. Starch paste is made in a separate cooking tank and then mixed with the charcoal powder in the mixer. Nowadays, charcoal powder briquette machine have been more widely and accepted, which with high capacity and efficiency.
3. briquettes without binder
Briquettes made by biomass wastes is the most popular method. The collected wastes are crushed first and then dried under the sun. After that they are carbonized in the rectangular brick kilns to produce charcoal briquettes without binder. Sawdust is the most important raw material, accounting almost 70%. Coconut shell is another important material can be used to make charcoal briquettes in Malaysia. You can learn more coconut shell charcoal briquettes.
Drawbacks of Traditional Carbonization Kiln
Firstly, they caused environment problems. We all know that during the carbonization process there will have a lot of smoke. And because that the kilns can not collect and handle the smoke effectively, they will all emit to the environment which is very harmful to the atmosphere.
Secondly, machine maintenance is not easy. There are easy wear part in the charcoal briquette machine which must be maintained regularly and timely. Or, it will lower the production efficiency and product’s quality. But, some machines are not easy to maintain and the operator may not know how to maintain it. Charcoal briquette machine from Azeus will not have this problem and we can teach you the best professional skills.