nuclear safety regulation Articles

  • The future of the regulation of nuclear safety in the EU

    After more than 50 years of a Euratom Community and despite detailed and wide-reaching European rules in neighbouring fields such as radiological protection, the European Union (EU) has so far been unable to adopt rules on the safety of nuclear installations and the management of nuclear waste. After highlighting the limitations of the existing international law in this field, this paper shows ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Some aspects of producing regulations and guidelines for controlling safety in nuclear and radiation facilities

    Because the regulation of nuclear and radiation safety is a national responsibility and in order to keep the use of nuclear energy for the welfare and prosperity of the nation and ensure that the use of nuclear energy is safe for man and the environment and does not promote the proliferation of nuclear weapons, an Atomic Energy Act and related legal regulations and decrees are a must for every ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Historical, regulatory and safety aspects of nuclear energy in India

    Jawaharlal Nehru, former Prime Minister of India and Homi J. Bhabha interacted closely to set up the Atomic Energy Commission in 1948. The Indian parliament replaced the Atomic Energy Act, 1948 with the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (AEA 1962) and promulgated appropriate rules. The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was set up in 1954. The Indian Cabinet established, through a resolution, a new Atomic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Revolution in European nuclear law

    Until now, there has been no European Community Law about nuclear safety. According to decisions of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), the community has the right to regulate this field, but the former policy neglected this. Now, a draft has been published that seems to revolutionise the standards of nuclear safety in Europe.Keywords: nuclear safety, EURATOM, Western European Nuclear Regulators ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Russian approach to nuclear liability

    This paper gives a view of the challenges of nuclear liability in the specific context of the Russian Federation's legal system. Starting from the Chernobyl disaster and the benefits of nuclear energy, a detailed examination of the development of both internal law and international law regulating nuclear liability matters in Russia is given. Special attention is paid to the regimes established by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Last tango for nuclear?

    The U.S. nuclear power industry’s three-step: Revival, long goodbye or state-aided life support. As pressure to reduce climate-changing emissions grows, nuclear power is drawing growing attention — for better or worse. In this piece, the first of a series of three being published at Environmental Health News with funding ...


    By Ensia

  • U.S. Nuclear Power in Decline

    Nuclear power generation in the United States is falling. After increasing rapidly since the 1970s, electricity generation at U.S. nuclear plants began to grow more slowly in the early 2000s. It then plateaued between 2007 and 2010—before falling more than 4 percent over the last two years. Projections for 2013 show a further 1 percent drop. With reactors retiring early and proposed ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Regulations and standards for the measurement of performance and management of ageing of I&C systems of nuclear power plants

    Instrumentation and Control (I&C) equipment is vital to the safety and viability of nuclear power plants. This equipment must provide accurate and timely measurements of plant control and safety systems to ensure efficient operation and guard against mishaps. Given this, numerous regulations, standards and guidelines have been devised to formulate requirements and establish maintenance methods to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Developing knowledge transfer-oriented ethical cultures in US government agencies regulating the commercial use of nuclear power

    Knowledge management is the practice of capturing critical information and making the right information available to the right people at the right time. Such practices are critical for US government agencies that must make ethical and safety-oriented decisions in regulating commercial operations and waste disposal in the nuclear power industry. The development of knowledge management and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regulatory guidance on safety reviews of nuclear power plants in Germany: a survey of accomplished and current PSA activities

    This paper describes the key points of the completed and ongoing regulatory activities in order to revise the existing guide on probabilistic safety analyses (PSA guide) and its corresponding technical documents, both as parts of sublegal regulations in Germany. The German PSA guide covers the fundamental requirements concerning the execution of PSAs in the frame of comprehensive safety reviews. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reflections on regulatory oversight of nuclear power plants

    A regulatory body acts as a representative for society to ensure that the operation of nuclear facilities do not introduce any undue threats. Typical regulatory tasks include the definition of safety requirements, the inspections needed to ensure that they are adhered to and the imposing of sanctions if violations are detected. Regulatory oversight is anchored in national legislation, which is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan

    The subject matter of this paper discusses the new decommissioning system for nuclear power plants in Japan, including the system for the disposal of demolition waste and the decommissioning cost allowance system. The Nuclear Regulations Law, established in 1957, ordering that decommissioning be carried out, it was naturally impossible to set proper safety regulations. While the present safety ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Completion of Belene Nuclear Power Plant: project perspectives

    The development of Belene NPP began with site selection in the 1970s, site characterisation in 1980–1981, and a decision to proceed in 1981. Construction was suspended for financial reasons in 1991. Now the state authorities have taken steps to continue the project. Despite the lengthy study period and the subsequent legislative changes, the evaluations indicate that Belene is a suitable NPP ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Matrix Gemini LIMS at work in the Nuclear Industry

    Bradwell nuclear power station is located on the Dengie peninsula at the mouth of the River Blackwater in Essex. Construction of Bradwell power station began in December 1957 and electricity generation started in 1962. It had two Magnox reactors producing 242 Megawatts of electricity. It could supply enough electricity to meet the combined needs of three towns the size of Chelmsford, Colchester ...


    By Autoscribe Informatics

  • ‘Overcoming barriers to the future of nuclear in Europe’ - informal senior officials’ meeting of nuclear power-interested EU countries

    The UK’s Department of Energy and Climate Change hosted an informal senior officials’ meeting of nuclear power-interested EU countries on 13 June. This was to follow up on the inaugural informal ministerial meeting in Paris on 10 February. The meeting was chaired by Mark Higson, Chief Executive of the Office for Nuclear Development, and was attended by representatives from 11 Member ...

  • Evaluation of the programme for long–term operation for safety requirements during operational safety

    The programme for long–term operation (LTO) in the nuclear power plant (NPP) installations is one of the essential nuclear safety concerns. It may be defined as an operation beyond an established time frame set forth by, for example, licence term, design, standards, licence and/or regulations, which has been justified by safety assessment, with consideration given to life–limiting processes and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The challenges of introducing nuclear power in the Gulf Cooperation Council states

    Nuclear power is a mature industry with an incredible record of safety and reliability, without the emission of greenhouse gases, and one that is becoming economically attractive for private investment. The current interest in nuclear power for meeting future electricity and seawater desalination needs in the Gulf Corporation Council (GCC) states and other countries in the Middle East is prudent, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regulatory independence and accountability: a survey of international nuclear regulatory regimes

    As the government of India considers development of an independent regulator for civil nuclear power, examples from other nations around the world, including those with established civil nuclear programmes and those now developing new nuclear, provide interesting insights and lessons to be learned. This paper compares the organisational structure of the Indian governmental agency, the Nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An examination of nuclear power plants event reporting in the context of knowledge management

    Challenges to the safety of operating nuclear power plants due to ageing, power uprates, modernisations and a generational exchange in the workforce put a strong focus on knowledge. Both the nuclear regulators and the nuclear plant operators need to learn more about knowledge management in order to better manage knowledge. This paper aims to promote implementation of knowledge management by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Determination and use of scaling factors for waste characterization in nuclear power plants

    Disposal of radioactive waste requires knowledge of its radioactivity content in terms of the concentrations of specific radionuclides. This information is used by the repository operator and/or regulator to track radionuclide inventories and concentrations, which are generally limited by the repository safety assessment and resulting operating licence. It is normally the responsibility of waste ...

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